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Appomattox Campaign, US Civil War

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    Pvt James Roy Gordon, (CSA) (1845 - 1923)
    Company F "Essex Light Dragoons" of Essex County, 9th Virginia Cavalry, W.H.F. Lee's Brigade, Fitz. Lee's Division, Cavalry, Army of Northern Virginia, C.S.A.Residence was not listed. Enlisted on 3/27/...
  • Henry Stockton Montgomery, (CSA) (1843 - 1879)
    Henry S. was a son of James and Amanda Brannon Montgomery. He was named for his grandfather, Henry Montgomery. He married Mary Elizabeth "Bettie" Jones of Amherst, Va., daughter of Suvillian W. and M....
  • Pvt. Elvin "Ephraim" Hines, (USA) (1838 - 1912)
    Pvt./Blacksmith Elvin Ephraim Hine/Heine/Hein, Co. C (McCullough's/Martin's/Horrell's Co.), 4th PA Cav. (US). Enlisted in PA, 9/16/1861 @ age 23. Mustered out 7/1/1865 in VA. Inmate at US Soldiers Home...
    John Randolph Tucker (1823 - 1897)
    John Randolph Tucker (December 24, 1823 – February 13, 1897) was an American lawyer, author, and politician from Virginia. He was a member of the Tucker family, which was influential in the legal and p...
  • Rep. Richard Thomas Walker Duke (1822 - 1898)
    Richard Thomas Walker Duke, Sr. (1822-1898)R. T. W. Duke, Sr. was his youngest son's hero and role model. Writing after his father's death, R. T. W. Duke, Jr. recalled of his childhood, "I worshiped hi...

The Appomattox campaign was a series of American Civil War battles fought March 29 – April 9, 1865, in Virginia that concluded with the surrender of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia to forces of the Union Army (Army of the Potomac, Army of the James and Army of the Shenandoah) under the overall command of Lt. General Ulysses S. Grant, marking the effective end of the war.

As the Richmond–Petersburg campaign (also known as the siege of Petersburg) ended, Lee's army was outnumbered and exhausted from a winter of trench warfare over an approximately 40 mile front, numerous battles, disease, hunger and desertion. Grant's well-equipped and well-fed army was growing in strength. On March 29, 1865, the Union Army began an offensive that stretched and broke the Confederate defenses southwest of Petersburg and cut their supply lines to Petersburg and the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia. Union victories at the Battle of Five Forks on April 1, 1865, and the Third Battle of Petersburg, often called the Breakthrough at Petersburg, on April 2, 1865, opened Petersburg and Richmond to imminent capture. Lee ordered the evacuation of Confederate forces from both Petersburg and Richmond on the night of April 2–3 before Grant's army could cut off any escape. Confederate government leaders also fled west from Richmond that night.

The Confederates marched west, heading toward Lynchburg, Virginia, as an alternative. Lee planned to resupply his army at one of those cities and march southwest into North Carolina where he could unite his army with the Confederate army commanded by Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. Grant's Union Army pursued Lee's fleeing Confederates relentlessly. During the next week, the Union troops fought a series of battles with Confederate units, cut off or destroyed Confederate supplies and blocked their paths to the south and ultimately to the west. On April 6, 1865, the Confederate Army suffered a significant defeat at the Battle of Sailor's Creek, where they lost about 7,700 men killed and captured and an unknown number wounded. Nonetheless, Lee continued to move the remainder of his battered army to the west. Soon cornered, short of food and supplies and outnumbered, Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia to Grant on April 9, 1865, at the McLean House near the Appomattox Court House, Virginia.