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Battle of Mill Springs (January 19, 1862), US Civil War

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  • Henry W. Betts, (USA) (1820 - 1891)
    Fought in the Civil War Regiment 35 Ohio. Battles: 1861 Moved to Covington, Ky., September 26. Assigned to guard duty along the Kentucky Central Railroad. Headquarters at Cynthiana, until November....
  • John Porry Murray (1830 - 1895)
    Porry Murray (July 14, 1830 – December 21, 1895) was a Confederate politician who served in the Confederate States Congress during the American Civil War.Murray was born in Jackson County, Tennessee. H...
  • Brig. General William Henry Carroll (CSA) (c.1810 - 1868)
    Henry Carroll (1810 – May 3, 1868) was a wealthy plantation owner, a postmaster, and a General in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.Early lifeCarroll was born in Nashville, Tenn...
  • Joel Allen Battle (1811 - 1872)
    Joel A. Battle was born in Davidson County, Tennessee, Sept. 19, 1811. His father was originally from Edgecombe County, North Carolina, and his mother was Lucinda Mayo Battle, who inherited a large lan...
  • Maj. General Edward C. Walthall (CSA), U.S. Senator (1831 - 1898)
    Edward Walthall, a lawyer, chaired four state delegations to Democratic national conventions. He served in the U.S. Senate from 1885 until 1894 and then from 1895 until 1898. Walthall was a major gener...

The Battle of Mill Springs, also known as the Battle of Fishing Creek in Confederate terminology, and the Battle of Logan's Cross Roads in Union terminology, was fought in Wayne and Pulaski counties, near current Nancy, Kentucky, on January 19, 1862, as part of the American Civil War. The Union victory concluded an early Confederate offensive campaign in south central Kentucky.

In late 1861, Confederate Brig. Gen. Felix Zollicoffer guarded Cumberland Gap, the eastern end of a defensive line extending from Columbus, Kentucky. In November he advanced west into Kentucky to strengthen control in the area around Somerset and made Mill Springs his winter quarters, taking advantage of a strong defensive position. Union Brig. Gen. George H. Thomas, ordered to break up the army of Maj. Gen. George B. Crittenden (Zollicoffer's superior), sought to drive the Confederates across the Cumberland River. His force arrived at Logan's Crossroads on January 17, 1862, where he waited for Brig. Gen. Albin Schoepf's troops from Somerset to join him. The Confederate force under Crittenden attacked Thomas at Logan's Crossroads at dawn on January 19. Unbeknownst to the Confederates, some of Schoepf's troops had arrived as reinforcements. The Confederates achieved early success, but Union resistance rallied and Zollicoffer was killed. A second Confederate attack was repulsed. Union counterattacks on the Confederate right and left were successful, forcing them from the field in a retreat that ended in Murfreesboro, Tennessee.

Mill Springs was the first significant Union victory of the war, much celebrated in the popular press, but was soon eclipsed by Ulysses S. Grant's victories at Forts Henry and Donelson.