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The Budapest Ghetto was a Nazi ghetto set up in Budapest, Hungary, where Jews were forced to relocate by a decree of the Hungarian Government during the final stages of World War II. The area consisted of several blocks of the old Jewish quarter which included the two main synagogues of the city, the Neolog Dohány Street Synagogue and Orthodox Kazinczy Street Synagogue. . . . continued

The area designated in 1944 is today delineated by the streets of Kertész, Dohány and Király, and Károly körút. Jews, even those previously relocated to yellow-star houses, were herded to this enclosed area. Surrounded by a high fence and a guarded stone wall, the ghetto was completely cut off from the outside world. No food was allowed in, waste was not collected, dead bodies lay piled up on the streets and buildings were appallingly overcrowded, leading to the spread of diseases such as typhoid. More than half of those forced to move here were then sent to concentration camps, while others were taken away to the Danube and shot.

The Budapest Ghetto was liberated on January 17th, 1945. The last remaining section of the surrounding wall was demolished during construction works in 2006, but a memorial piece of it was later erected at Király Street 15, using original material though differing in detail. Even today around the Jewish Quarter, small bits of the wall stand as a constant reminder. Source

Carl Lutz Memorial; Carl Lutz saved an estimated 60 thousand Hungarian Jews during the Holocaust. From 1942 as vice-consul at the Swiss embassy of Budapest, he issued protective documents, and set up over 70 “protected houses” across the city for which he claimed diplomatic immunity, including the famous Glass House, which now has a memorial room dedicated to Lutz. The bronze memorial honoring Lutz shows an angel descending to help a fallen victim. The caption reads “Whoever saves a life is considered as if he has saved an entire world”.

Heroes' Garden Cemetery - Common graves on the territory of the former Budapest Ghetto

A map of the two Budapest Ghettos, 1944. One ghetto was created by the Germans. The other ghetto, known as the International Ghetto, was created by Raoul Wallenberg, a Swedish diplomat, who used the area to safely house and protect Budapest's Jewish population.

Survivor Testimonies