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  • Pvt. Jimmie Dellums (1892 - 1941)
    Jim (Jimmie) Dellums served in the Company A, 404th Service Battalion from September 26, 1918 until June 26, 1919. He reenlisted on June 27, 1919 as a Private in Company J, 25th U.S. Infantry Regiment ...
  • Pvt. Lewis Alfred Ellison (c.1877 - 1916)
    Lewis Alfred Ellison was an Oklahoma City businessperson and the father of famed author Ralph Ellison.Lewis, a small-business owner and a construction foreman, died in 1916 after an operation to cure i...
  • Gen. John J. "Black Jack" Pershing (1860 - 1948)
    General of the Armies John Joseph "Black Jack" Pershing (September 13, 1860 – July 15, 1948) was a senior United States Army officer. His most famous post was when he served as the commander of the Ame...
  • Lt. Col. Allen Allensworth (1842 - 1914)
    Allensworth (7 April 1842 – 14 September 1914), born into slavery, escaped and became a Union soldier; later he became a Baptist minister and educator, and was appointed as a chaplain in the United Sta...
  • George Goldsby aka William Scott (1843 - 1922)
    George Goldsby a mulatto and a Buffalo soldier with the rank of First Sgt. in the US Army D Troop, Tenth U. S. Cavalry, who had fought for both the North & the South during the Civil War. George was st...


From Wikipedia: Buffalo Soldiers originally were members of the U.S. 10th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army, formed on September 21, 1866 at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. The nickname was given to the "Negro Cavalry" by the Native American tribes they fought; the term eventually became synonymous with all of the African-American regiments formed in 1866:

  • 9th Cavalry Regiment
  • 10th Cavalry Regiment
  • 24th Infantry Regiment
  • 25th Infantry Regiment

Although several African-American regiments were raised during the Civil War to fight alongside the Union Army (including the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry and the many United States Colored Troops Regiments), the "Buffalo Soldiers" were established by Congress as the first peacetime all-black regiments in the regular U.S. Army.

Scope of Project

The purpose of this project is to research the black soldiers who served in the U.S. Army in the 1860's, to create their Geni profiles, and to follow their families forward to today. This project will focus on the soldiers of the 9th & 10th Cavalry and of the 24th & 25th Infantry Regiments. All-Black regiments existed through WWII, but those soldiers will have their own projects. An all-black regiment was formed in Massachusetts, 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, during the Civil War, and those soldiers will have their own project.

These black regiments were commanded by white officers. Because men are shaped by those who lead them, this project will also include those white officers.

Resources and Background Reading


9th Cavalry

  • Thomas Boyne, Sergeant, Medal of Honor winner
  • Francis Safford Dodge, Capt. Troop D, Medal of Honor winner
  • George R. Burnett, Medal of Honor winner
  • Henry Johnson, Sergeant, Company D, Medal of Honor winner
  • George Jordan, Sergeant, Company K, Medal of Honor winner
  • Emanuel Stance, Sergeant, Company F, Medal of Honor winner
  • Augustus Whalley, Medal of Honor winner
  • Moses William, 1st Sergeant
  • William O. Wilson, Cpl, Company I, Medal of Honor winner
  • Brent Woods, Sergeant, Medal of Honor winner

10th Cavalry

The History of the 10th Cavalry Regiment. The 10th Cavalry was formed at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas in 1866. Very high standards of recruitment were set by the regiment's commander. By the end of July 1867 eight companies of enlisted men had been recruited. This was the beginning of the 10th Cavalry Regiment later to be named "Buffalo Soldiers", motto: "Ready and Forward".

  • Henry Ossian Flipper, 2nd Lt., West Point graduate
  • William McBryar, Sergeant, Company K, Medal of Honor winner
  • Henry Parker, Sergeant

24th Infantry

  • Benjamin Brown, Sergeant, Company C, Medal of Honor winner
  • Isaiah Mays, Cpl, Medal of Honor winner

25th Infantry

White Officers

  • Louis H. Carpenter, Brig. Gen, U.S. Army, Medal of Honor winner
  • Powhatan Clarke, Lt., 10th cavalry
  • Matthias Day, 2nd, Lt.,9th Cavalry (later rose to Col.), Medal of Honor winner
  • Robert Temple Emmet, 2nd Lt., 9th Cavalry, Medal of Honor winner
  • David Schooley, Captain, U.S. Infantry


  • National Park Brochure for the state of California on Buffalo Soldiers. It speaks briefly of their return back from the Philippine and Spanish American wars, garrisoned at the Presidio and then being assigned guard duty at Yosemite, Sequoia, and Kings Canyon (General Grant) National Parks. Wonderful pictures. 450 of these soldiers are buried at the SF Nat'l Cemetery, overlooking the Golden Gate. It also speaks to Charles Young, the 3rd African American to graduate from West Point and the highest ranking black officer in the Army at that time.


  • "Buffalo'ed, A Sweeping, Timeless Tale Mirroring Today's Personal Upheavals" - A play about Black soldiers in the Philippines 1899. April 4-29, 2012 produced by the San Jose Stage Co. For more info: