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Caledonia County, Vermont

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  • James Shaw (1800 - 1890)
  • David Truman Bailey (1846 - 1903)
    DEATH OF D. T. BAILEY. David Truman Bailey died at his home in Punahou at 7 o’clock last evening at the age of 57. He leaves a widow and three children. The funeral will take place from the house, Alex...
  • Nathan Jacob Bailey (1844 - 1899)
    The San Francisco Call (San Francisco, CA), 03 April 1898, p. 9 Bailey -- In this city, April 2, 1899, Nathan J., relict of Mary Bailey, a native of Vermont, aged 56 years. Friends and acquaintances a...
  • Robert Nelson Bailey (1840 - 1909)
  • Wilfred Cleasby (1855 - 1901)

Please add profiles of those who were born, lived or died in Caledonia County, Vermont.


The county shares the same pre-Columbian history with the Northeast Kingdom.

Rogers' Rangers were forced to retreat through the county following their attack on Saint-Francis, Quebec in 1759. To confound their avenging pursuers, they had split up. One group came south over the summit into the Passumpsic River Valley.

Vermont was divided into two counties in March 1778. In 1781 the legislature divided the northernmost county, Cumberland, into three counties: Windham and Windsor, located about where they are now. The northern remainder was called Orange county. This latter tract nearly corresponded with the old New York county of Gloucester, organized by that province March 16, 1770, with Newbury as the shire town.

On November 5, 1792, the legislature divided Chittenden and Orange counties into six separate counties, as follows: Chittenden, Orange, Franklin, Caledonia, Essex, and Orleans. There is a supposition that the county was called Caledonia, to commemorate the large number of Scottish settlers.

Caledonians joined the Union Army in response to a call for volunteers. In September 1861, they joined the Vermont 6th Vermont Infantry, and helped fill out Companies B, D and E. The regiment ultimately became part of the First Vermont Brigade.

Adjacent Counties


  • Barnet
  • Burke
  • Danville
  • Groton
  • Hardwick
  • Kirby
  • Lyndon
  • Newark
  • Peacham
  • Ryegate
  • Sheffield
  • St. Johnsbury (Shire Town)
  • Stannard
  • Sutton
  • Walden
  • Waterford
  • Wheelock

Other Villages & Communities

Barnet | Burke Hollow | Danville | East Burke | East Hardwick | East Lyndon | East Ryegate | East St. Johnsbury | Groton | Hardwick | Lower Waterford | Lyndon | Lyndon Center | Lyndon Corner | Mackville | McIndoe Falls | Passumpsic | Peacham | Ryegate Corner | St. Johnsbury | St. Johnsbury Center | Sheffield | South Kirby | South Ryegate | Sutton | Upper Waterford | West Burke





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