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Caswell County, North Carolina

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Please add profiles of those who were born, lived or died in Caswell County, North Carolina.

Official Website


Caswell County was formed from a northern portion of Orange County in 1777. The newly formed county was named for Richard Caswell, Governor of North Carolina from 1776 to 1780. Leasburg was the first county seat. In 1792, roughly the eastern half of Caswell County became Person County. After the division, the seat of Caswell County’s government was moved to a more central location. The community hosting the new county seat first was called Caswell Court House. Later, the name was changed to Yanceyville.

Caswell County produced many political leaders, including Bartlett Yancey, Jr., Archibald Debow Murphey, Romulus Mitchell Saunders, Bedford Brown, Calvin Graves, John H. Kerr, and Jacob Thompson. At one time it was stated that all successful North Carolina legislation had to make its way through the Caswell County legislators.

It was in Caswell County that the Slade family discovered the bright-leaf tobacco curing process that revolutionized the tobacco industry and brought great wealth to the region.

The Caswell County Schools were one of the last school systems in the U.S., if not the last, to submit and implement a plan for racial desegregation. The schools were finally being required to desegregate in the 1969-1970 school year in an August, 1968 order from U.S. District Judge Edwin M. Stanley after several years of receiving deferments for filing a plan.

Adjacent Counties

Towns & Communities

  • Blanch
  • Casville
  • Cherry Grove
  • Leasburg
  • Milton
  • Pelham
  • Prospect Hill
  • Providence
  • Purley
  • Semora
  • Yanceyville (County Seat)



Caswell County Courthouse

The Garland-Buford House

The Calvin Graves Plantation House

Griers Presbyterian Church & Cem.

Melrose Plantation House

Milton State Bank

Forest Home Plantation

Red House Presbyterian Church

Union Tavern

Warren's House & Store

The Bartlett Yancey House

Red House Plantation (w/ list of slaves)

Caswell County Slave Traders