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Chickasaw County, Mississippi

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Please add profiles of those who were born, lived or died in Chickasaw County, Mississippi.


The Mississippi state legislature created Chickasaw County in 1836, following the cession of the land by the Chickasaw Indians. It was quickly settled by Americans from the east, mainly from the Southern states. By the time of the Civil War, riverfront landings had been developed by the many large cotton plantations worked by slaves, who outnumbered the white residents of the county.

The American Civil War devastated the local economy, completely destroying the plantation-based infrastructure of Chickasaw County. The newly freed slaves had to adapt to the new labor system, in which the white landowners still retained partial control over their lives through the practice of sharecropping. The economy declined again in the late 19th century, when falling cotton prices reduced both black and white residents to poverty. Farmers eventually began diversifying their crops, and the economy slowly began to improve.

Adjacent Counties

Cities, Towns, Villages & Communities

  • Buena Vista
  • Egypt
  • Houston (County Seat)
  • McCondy
  • New Houlka
  • Okolona (County Seat)
  • Pyland
  • Sparta
  • Thorn
  • Trebloc
  • Van Vleet
  • Woodland



Genealogy Trails

Bynum Mound & Village

Houston Carnegie Library

The Judge Bates House

Okolona College

Chickasaw County History