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  • Benjamin Hampton, Choctaw Code Talker (1939 - d.)
    Code Talker Benjamin Hampton, 142nd Infantry, was born in Bennington, Oklahoma. On August 16, 1939, the Durant Newspaper ran an article on Benjamin W. Hampton, part of it reads: Ben's part in the U.S. ...
  • Albert Billy, Choctaw Code Talker (1885 - 1959)
    Code talker Albert Billy (1885-1958) was from Poteau, Oklahoma, in LeFlore County. (Code talkers sited by Choctaw Nation shows (Jove? I.T.) Born October 8, 1885 A member of the 142nd Infantry of th...
  • Mitchell Bobb, Choctaw Code Talker (1895 - 1922)
    Code Talker Mitchell Bobb, 142nd Infantry, was registered on the Choctaw Tribal rolls in 1896 at age 4. His father Jackson was deceased. His mother Ellen (Aalin), died Sept 17, 1902. That left him an o...
  • Tobias William Frazer, SR., Choctaw Code Talker (1892 - 1975)
    Tobias William Frazier, Sr. (1892-1975) was a full-blood Choctaw Indian who was a member of the famous fourteen Choctaw Code Talkers. The Code Talkers pioneered the use of American Indian languages as ...
  • Ben Carterby, Choctaw Code Talker (1893 - d.)
    Code Talker Ben Carterby served in the 141st Infantry, along with his buddy Joseph Oklahombi. Born December 11, 1893 in Bethal (near Battiest). He enlisted in the Army in Idabel, the county seat. After...

Choctaw Code Talkers, Heros of WWI and The Choctaw Nation

Choctaw Code Talkers:

In the closing days of World War I, fourteen Choctaw Indian men in the Army's Thirty-Sixth Division, trained to use their language, helped the American Expeditionary Force win several key battles in the Meuse-Argonne Campaign in France, the final big German push of the war. The fourteen Choctaw Code Talkers were

  1. Albert Billy
  2. Mitchell Bobb
  3. Victor Brown
  4. Ben Caterby
  5. James Edwards
  6. Tobias Frazer
  7. Benjamin Hamilton
  8. Solomon Louis
  9. Pete Maytubby
  10. Jeff Nelson
  11. Joseph Oklahombi
  12. Robert Taylor
  13. Calvin Wilson
  14. Walter Veach

With at least one Choctaw man placed in each field company headquarters, they handled military communications by field telephone, translated radio messages into the Choctaw language, and wrote field orders to be carried by "runners" between the various companies. The German army, which captured about one out of four messengers, never deciphered the messages written in Choctaw.

A January 23, 1919, memorandum from the commanding officer of the 142nd Infantry headquarters to the commanding general of the Thirty-Sixth Division revealed some of the code: "The Indian for 'Big Gun' was used to indicate artillery. 'Little Gun shoot fast' was substituted for machine gun, and the battalions were indicated by one, two, or three grains of corn."

The Choctaws were recognized as the first to use their native language as an unbreakable code in World War I. The Choctaw language was again used in World War II. Choctaws conversed in their language over field radios to coordinate military positions, giving exact details and locations without fear of German interception.

During the annual Choctaw Labor Day Festival in 1986, Chief Hollis E. Roberts presented posthumous Choctaw Nation Medals of Valor to the families of the Code Talkers. This was the first official recognition the Choctaw Code Talkers had been given. On November 3, 1989, in recognition of the important role the Choctaw Code Talkers played during World War I, the French government presented Chief Roberts with the "Chevalier de L'Ordre National du Merite" (the Knight of the National Order of Merit), the highest honor France can bestow.