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  • Paul Hirschler (1894 - 1945)
    Last Name: HIRSCHLER First Name: Paul Title: Birth Day: 10 Birth Month: Oct Birth Year: 1894 Birth Place: Wien Came From: Mauthausen Residence (town): Wien Residence (street)...
  • Hans Lamberg, Dr. (1891 - 1945)
    Dokumentationsarchiv des österreichischen Widerstandes First Name Hans Last Name Lamberg Date of Birth 25.12.1891 Place of Birth Wien Residence Wien 9, Hörlgasse 10 Date...
  • Fritz Kanitz (1892 - 1939)
    Born 1892 Num. 1742 Wien Kanitz Fritz, to Wilhelm/Rosenthal Ernestine. Married Melanie Friedmann in 1925 Num. 20-Favoriten (image not online). Fritz Kanitz b. Aug. 2, 1892, residence address Wien II,...
  • Otto Josef Löwenthal (1885 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Loewenthal, Otto Josef geboren am 14. Januar 1885 in Barmen - Elberfeld (Wuppertal) / - / Rheinprovinz wohnhaft in Karlsruhe und Offenbach a. ...
  • Leo Goldschmidt (1897 - 1941)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Goldschmidt, Leo geboren am 09. August 1897 in Oedt / Kempen i. Rheinland / Rheinprovinz wohnhaft in Kempen a. Niederrhein Inhaftierungsort:...

Dachau concentration camp was the first Nazi concentration camp opened in Germany, located on the grounds of an abandoned munitions factory near the medieval town of Dachau, about 16 km (9.9 mi) northwest of Munich in the state of Bavaria, which is located in southern Germany.

Opened 22 March 1933 (51 days after Hitler took power), it was the first regular concentration camp established by the coalition government of the National Socialist Party (Nazi Party) and the German Nationalist People's Party (dissolved on 6 July 1933). Heinrich Himmler, then Chief of Police of Munich, officially described the camp as "the first concentration camp for political prisoners."

The first inmates were primarily political prisoners, Social Democrats, Communists, trade unionists, habitual criminals, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses.

KZ Dachau served as a prototype and model for the other Nazi concentration camps that followed. Its basic organization, camp layout as well as the plan for the buildings were developed by Theodor Eicke and were applied to all later camps. In the twelve years of its existence over 200.000 persons from all over Europe were imprisoned here and in the numerous satellite camps. 41.500 were murdered. On April 29 1945, American troops liberated the survivors.

Abraham Judah Klausner was a Reform rabbi and United States Army captain and chaplain who became a “father figure” for the more than 30,000 emaciated survivors found at Dachau Concentration Camp, 10 miles northwest of Munich, shortly after it was liberated on April 29, 1945. He also cared for thousands more left homeless in camps as the victorious Allied Forces determined where they should go.



El Moley Rachamim Holocaust Prayer