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Dachau Concentration Camp - מחנה הריכוז דכאו

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  • Moritz Anspacher (1889 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Anspacher, Moritz geboren am 23. Mai 1889 in Achim / - / Hannover wohnhaft in Berlin (Weißensee) Inhaftierungsort: bis 24. Oktober 19...
  • Max Isaak (1901 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Isaak, Max geboren am 11. Oktober 1901 in Geistingen (Hennef) / Siegkreis / Rheinprovinz wohnhaft in Hennef a. d. Sieg Inhaftierungsort: 15....
  • Adolf Frank (1901 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Frank, Adolf geboren am 17. Juli 1901 in Weldergoven / Siegkreis / Rheinprovinz wohnhaft in Hennef a. d. Sieg Inhaftierungsort: 15. November...
  • Ruben Oppenheimer (1883 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Oppenheimer, Ruben geboren am 07. Oktober 1883 in Hungen / Gießen / Hessen wohnhaft in Köln und Staudernheim Inhaftierungsor...
  • Oskar Brück (1880 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Brück, Oskar geboren am 02. Juni 1880 in Feilbingert / Kirchheimbolanden / Bayern (Pfalz) wohnhaft in Obermoschel Inhaftierungsort:...

Dachau concentration camp was the first Nazi concentration camp opened in Germany, located on the grounds of an abandoned munitions factory near the medieval town of Dachau, about 16 km (9.9 mi) northwest of Munich in the state of Bavaria, which is located in southern Germany.

Opened 22 March 1933 (51 days after Hitler took power), it was the first regular concentration camp established by the coalition government of the National Socialist Party (Nazi Party) and the German Nationalist People's Party (dissolved on 6 July 1933). Heinrich Himmler, then Chief of Police of Munich, officially described the camp as "the first concentration camp for political prisoners."

The first inmates were primarily political prisoners, Social Democrats, Communists, trade unionists, habitual criminals, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses.

KZ Dachau served as a prototype and model for the other Nazi concentration camps that followed. Its basic organization, camp layout as well as the plan for the buildings were developed by Theodor Eicke and were applied to all later camps. In the twelve years of its existence over 200.000 persons from all over Europe were imprisoned here and in the numerous satellite camps. 41.500 were murdered. On April 29 1945, American troops liberated the survivors.

Abraham Judah Klausner was a Reform rabbi and United States Army captain and chaplain who became a “father figure” for the more than 30,000 emaciated survivors found at Dachau Concentration Camp, 10 miles northwest of Munich, shortly after it was liberated on April 29, 1945. He also cared for thousands more left homeless in camps as the victorious Allied Forces determined where they should go.



El Moley Rachamim Holocaust Prayer