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Doolittle's Tokyo Raiders

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Profiles

  • Gen. James Harold Doolittle, Jr. (1896 - 1993)
    Medal of Honor Recipient Retired Air Force General James Harold Doolittle December 14, 1896 Alameda, California. USA – September 27, 1993 Pebble Beach, California USA, (aged 96) AKO Jimmy. Buried at Ar...
  • Gen. David M. Jones, Crew 5 (1913 - 2008)
    Graduated University of Arizona, 1936 and commissioned as Second Lieutenant, Cavalry. Enlisted in National Guard, June, 1932. Was on active duty as Second Lieutenant with 8th Cavalry for one year the...
  • Maj. Ted. W. Lawson, Crew # 7 (1917 - 1992)
    Lawson was born in Alameda, California and attended Los Angeles City College. He joined the then- U.S. Army Air Corps in March 1940 while employed by Douglas Aircraft Company and received his pilot...
  • Col. Charles R. Greening, Crew # 11 (1914 - 1957)
    Colonel Charles Ross Greening was one of the Doolittle Raiders and an artist. He received a Bachelor's degree from Washington State College of Fine Arts in 1936, entered the military on June 23, 1936...

The Doolittle Tokyo Raiders was a group eighty men from all walks of life who flew into history on April 18, 1942. They were all volunteers and this was a very dangerous mission. Sixteen B-25 bombers took off from the deck of the USS Hornet, led by (then Col.) Jimmy Doolittle. They were to fly over Japan, drop their bombs and fly on to land in a part of China that was still free. Of course, things do not always go as planned.

The months following the attack on Pearl Harbor were the darkest of the war, as Imperial Japanese forces rapidly extended their reach across the Pacific. Our military was caught off guard, forced to retreat, and losing many men in the fall of the Philippines, leading to the infamous Bataan Death March.

By spring, 1942, America needed a severe morale boost. The raid on Tokyo on April 18, 1942, certainly provided that – cheering the American military and public. Yet, the Doolittle Raid meant so much more, proving to the Japanese high command that their home islands were not invulnerable to American attacks and causing them to shift vital resources to their defense. Two months later that decision would play a role in the outcome of the Battle of Midway, the American victory that would begin to turn the tide in the Pacific War.

Amazing Chinese civilians helped the downed crews escape and return safely to Allied bases. They did this at an incredibly heavy cost, with some accounts estimating as many as 250,000 civilians were killed by Japanese forces in their search and as reprisals.

In one curious sidenote, Plane # 7 was piloted by Capt. Joseph E. York, who have been born Joseph E. Cichowski. He landed his plane in Russia, and with his crew spent 15 month making their way to Iran, and freedom.

As of April 9, 2019 Lt. Col. Richard Cole, the last surviving member of the Doolittle Raiders, has passed away at the age of 103. He was Jimmy Doolittle's co-pilot.