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Essex County, New York

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  • James Monroe Jenks (1822 - 1894)
    "OBIT: One of the old inhabitants of Poland passed away on Feb. 8. He was b. in Essex Co. but had been a resident of this town for more than a quarter of a century. Of a large family none survive him b...
  • Private James Jencks (1749 - 1812)
    American Revolutionary War JENKS, JAMES Ancestor #: A062183 Service: VERMONT Rank(s): PRIVATE Birth: PROVIDENCE RHODE ISLAND Death: POST 1811 SCHROON LAKE -PROB NEW YORK Service Description: 1) CAPT IC...
  • Nathan M. Taylor (1839 - 1915)
    Married 1st: Harriet Wheelock Their children: Annette "Nettie" (adopted) and Florance Taylor Married 2nd: Ida Wight, June 6 1890 United States Census, 1850," database with images, FamilySearch (...
  • Eli Taylor (1812 - 1875)
    Eli Taylor: Eli continued his father's milling business at Schroon Lake until after his marriage, when he removed to Chesterton, Warren County, New York, where he operated a flouring mill.Later he sett...
  • Jane Melinthia Nichols (1841 - 1933)
    Daughter of Eli Taylor and Lucinda Jenks Taylor Married Benjamin Nichols on November 10, 1856 Children: Delia M Nichols Wilcox, Melvin C. Nichols, William S. "Willies" Nichols, Charles Malcom Nicho...

Please add profiles for those who were born, lived or died in Essex County, New York.

Official Website

When counties were established in the state of New York in 1683, the present Essex County was part of Albany County. On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Charlotte County, contained the eastern portion. In 1784, the name "Charlotte County" was changed to Washington County. In 1788, Clinton County was split off from Washington County. Essex County was split from Clinton County in 1799 and was named after the county of Essex in England.

The 1777 Siege of Fort Ticonderoga occurred between 2 and 6 July 1777 at Fort Ticonderoga, near the southern end of Lake Champlain.

During the time of the American Civil War, Essex County became part of the Underground Railroad, helping runaway slaves from the South find freedom in the northern states and Canada. North Elba, Essex County, was also home to abolitionist John Brown, who was hanged for leading a raid on Harper's Ferry, Virginia. His home and farm are now part of the John Brown history tour in North Elba, a major tourist attraction.

Lake Placid was the site of the 1980 Winter Olympic Games.

Adjacent Counties

Towns & Villages

  • Chesterfield
  • Crown Point
  • Elizabethtown (County Seat)
  • Essex
  • Jay
  • Keene
  • Lake Placid
  • Lewis
  • Minerva
  • Moriah
  • Newcomb
  • North Elba
  • North Hudson
  • Saranac Lake (part)
  • Schroon
  • St. Armand
  • Ticonderoga
  • Westport
  • Willsboro
  • Wilmington

Other Communities: Bloomingdale, Keeseville (part), Mineville, North Pole, Olmstedville, Port Henry, Port Kent, Schroon Lake, Willsboro Point and Witherbee



Nat'l Reg. of Hist. Places

Fort Crown Point

Fort St. Frédéric

Fort Ticonderoga

Adirondack History Museum

Genealogy Trails

NY GenWeb

The Internet Archive