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Families involved withthe New Almaden Quicksilver Mine, New Almaden, Santa Clara County, California

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  • George R. Carson (1849 - 1924)
    SURNAMES: HANMER, CARTER, Assistant Accountant of the Quicksilver Mining Company, New Almaden, is a native of Detroit, Michigan, born May 30, 1849, his parents being James and Mary (Hanmer) Carson. H...
  • Thomas "Bobee" Derby, b. 1844 (1844 - c.1932) Private Member Photos PICTURESThis photo is hidden by the owner's request. You can request access by clicking here. PHOTO: iPad Photo CATEGORY: Portrait TAKEN: About 1885 - Almaden, CA...
  • Charles Campbell Derby (c.1872 - c.1943)
    Charles built a home at Lake Tahoe that Jill (Derby Talbat) owns now. Subject: Re: C. Derby Hi Charlotte - Sorry for the delay, I am just seeing this message now. I moved most my stuff over to Ance...
  • Richard Howard Stevenson, (1852-1905) (1852 - 1905)
    Richard Howard Stevenson of Fair Oaks, former purchasing agent for the Southern Pacific company. Richard who was purchasing agent for the Southern Pacific Railroad Company for seventeen years and die...
  • Libby Ann Stevenson (1854 - c.1931)
    [ ] Name: Elizabeth DERBY Sex: F Birth: ABT 1858 in NY Marriage 1 STEVENSON b: in Northern Ireland Has Children Elizabeth (Bessie) STEVENSON b: 4 MAR 1884 in New Almaden, CA 1880 United...

This project attempts to document the genealogy of the Derby, Stevenson, and Carson families who were involved with the New Almaden Quicksilver Mine of California 1847-1912 in the Almaden Township near San Jose.

Oldest and richest mine in California. Discovered in 1845, its quicksilver payload was once crucial for gold and silver processing and manufacturing munitions. It produced over $75 million from the deepest network of quicksilver shafts on earth.


Early Settlement.- The New Almaden Quicksilver mine, the most productive of its kind in the world excepting only its older namesake on the frontier of Estremadura, in Old Spain, was very long ago known to the Indians who were wont to resort thither to procure red paint where with to adorn their nude bodies. They were unaware, however, of the presence of quicksilver, and were soon salivated to such an extent that every physical comfort was quickly sacrificed. Noticing the natives thus bedaubed, a Spaniard named Castillero inquired of them whence it came; thus he discovered the mine, located it and filed his claim therefor. He lost his title to it, however, by not complying with certain conditions, thus it passed out of his hands and into those of the Quicksilver Mining Company/ A full history of the mine and its concurrent litigation will be found on page 32 of this work. In the year 1845 the mine was first worked for quick silver, but on a small scale, but no record exists of its yield until the year 1850.

1864 - after an eight-year legal battle, the Quicksilver Mining Company of New York and Pennsylvania, which received the favorable verdict in the contest with the Barron, Forbes Company, began operating the mine. Thomas Derby' II (1844-1932) comes to California with Mr. Samuel F. Butterworth who was President and Manager of The Quicksilver Mining Company at that time.

1870 James Butterworth Randol became general manager of the Quicksilver Mining Company at Almaden. Randol, who was impressed by the stability and working techniques of Cornish miners, brought in miners from Cornwall. He also encouraged Cornish miners from the Mother Lode country to come to the Almaden site. Thus, Englishtown was established at New Almaden, now the Quicksilver Mining Company. The Quicksilver Mining Company reorganized the mining operation for more efficient production. This company also established and formalized an authoritarian structure at the mine. New Almaden was henceforth operated as a company town.

October 23, 1870 Marriage of Thomas Derby II and Emilie (Melville) Derby (performer) San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA Sacramento Daily Union, Volume 40, Number 7010, 1 November 1870 "MARRIED. In San Francisco, Oct. 23th, 1870, Thomas Derby to Emelie Eva Melville"

1873 Marriage of Elisabeth Derby (18y) (probably sister of Thomas Derby II) and Richard Stevenson (20y)

1873 New Almaden Postmaster Ralph Lowe first establishes post office

1876 - Mr. Thomas Derby II (32y) and Mr. Lowe formed a partnership for the purpose of maintaining and carrying on the business of merchandising in New Almaden . Company Store opened at New Almaden. General Merchandise. ProprietorsThomas Derby II and Ralph Lowe. '[Note: Ralph Lowe Esq. of New Almaden was on school boards in LA in 1884-1888; he made a fortune at Almaden and became a prominant society man] They leased the stores at an annual rental from the Board of Directors of The Quicksilver Mining Company in New York.

1878 Libbie Stevenson (nee Derby) (married to Richard Howard Stevenson) and daughter Fan travel to CA by rail with Emelie Melville Derby (married to Thomas Derby, probably Emelie's brother.) Libbie was pregnant and named this daughter Emelie, possibly after Emelie Melville.

1880 - Richard Howard Stevenson (28 y) was clerk at New Almaden mine company store. He lived in New Almaden with his wife Libbie Stevenson (Derby) (27 y) and daughters Fan Stevenson (5 y) and Emily Stevenson (1 y). Third daughter Bess Stevenson would be born later in New Almaden in 1884. Son Howard Stevenson would be born in 1887.

1887 TESTIMONY OF RALPH LOWE I am 18 years of age I was born in Massachusetts I came to California in 1852 I came to Almaden June 27th 1865 was employed as clerk in the company's office till April 1870 then went to the mine as outside foreman till July 1870 I was away at White Pine Nevada and elsewhere till December 1870 after that was employed as clerk in the store till about August 1873 when I left the store and was employed by The Quicksilver Mining Company till August or September 1874 and then assumed charge of the stores as agent of SF Butterworth till May 1875 and remained in the same capacity for Mr Derby till the latter part of 1876 when Mr Derby and myself formed a partnership for the purpose of maintaining and carrying on the business of merchandising in New Almaden and are still so engaged.

Christmas 1892 - Manchester Literary Club. The Captain of the Margarina read by Mr JD Andrew Mr Thomas Derby sang The Mistletoe Bough which was followed by the good old song Captain Bay given by Mr Percy and New Year's Eve sung by Mr Walter Butterworth Mr Samuel Laycock who rising received with much applause

1896 Charles C. Derby (son of Thomas Derby II) was appointed mine superintendent; and at the end of 1899, when the position of general agent was abolished, he assumed all the duties formerly handled by the general manager. He was succeeded in 1901 by his father, Thomas Derby II who remained in charge to the end of 1909.

1900 - US Census - Richard Stevenosn (48y) and Libbie Stevenson(46y) lived in summer home in Fair Oaks (now Atherton) with children Emelie (21y), Bess(16y), and Howard (13y).

1917 Ralph Lowe, now 80 years old, Capitalist, remembered as a beaux of the 1850's,4432679

Brief Historical Context:

The New Almaden mine is the site of the first mercury deposit discovered on the American continent and has yielded metal of greater value than that of any other mine in the State, producing nearly one-third of the country's supply of mercury. New Almaden was named for the Almaden mine in Spain, the world's greatest mercury producer. Until the discovery of the cyanide process in 1887, quicksilver was the chief reduction agent used in processing gold and silver, making it vital during California's Gold Rush. Tracking a toxic trail Long-closed mine identified as largest source of mercury in San Francisco Bay


In 1845, Captain Andres Castillero of the Mexican Army was sent on a routine scouting patrol through what is now northern California, then part of Mexican territory. As an amateur geologist, Castillero recognized the possibility that the rolling hills held vast mineral deposits. During a visit to local Ohlone indians, his suspicions were confirmed. The Ohlones told him of the red rock they used to make paint, and of the cave where the walls were solid deposits of this red rock. A trip to the cave left Castillero amazed; the red rock was cinnabar, high grade mercury ore. He quickly filed a claim with the most suitable local authority, a justice of the peace, and received mineral rights to excavate the mine site. The rights were divided among five principal holders, including Castillero, his guide, and the Ohlones who led him to the mine.

Unfortunately for Castillero, Mexican land claim regulations were unusually complex, and he found that his claim to the mine could be disputed in court by anyone interested in filing their own claim. This consideration, along with orders from the Mexican Army to prepare for war with the United States, led Castillero to sell his rights to the mine to Barron, Forbes Company, an English industrial firm. Barron, Forbes Company, which operated a cotton mill in Tepic, Mexico, soon acquired controlling interest in the mine by buying the shares of the other principals. Organized mining operations began at the renamed New Almaden Mines (after the famous Almaden quicksilver mine in Spain) in 1847. It was the first large-scale mining venture in California.

New Almaden proved to be a bonanza. Not only were there huge cinnabar deposits to be mined, but the demand for quicksilver soon skyrocketed. Because of its chemical affinity for gold and silver, mercury was of inestimable value in the refining process of precious metals and was needed throughout the United States, Mexico, and South America. Under the direction of Henry W. Halleck (later a general in the Civil War), the Mexican miners of New Almaden tunneled into the hillside to hammer and blast the cinnabar from the mine walls. Carried or pulled to the surface, tons of ore were roasted in huge furnaces to free the mercury. The silver liquid then passed through condensers into vats, from which it was carefully ladled into seventy-five pound flasks.

The miner's life at New Almaden was not an enviable one. Men worked ten to twelve hour shifts, six days a week, for wages of $1.50 to $2.50 a day. Deep, hard-rock mining in tunnels was dangerous enough in itself, but New Almaden miners had to contend with the highly poisonous mercurial fumes as well. Barron, Forbes showed little regard for the welfare of its employees. Medical care was virtually non-existent, and workers lived in squalid conditions, their hastily built shacks dotting the hillside of what became known as "Spanishtown."

Barron, Forbes ran New Almaden at great profit and with no interruption for a decade. But the success of the venture began to attract others who endeavored to share in the bounty. Questions soon arose regarding the legality of the original Castillero claim as well as the subsequent transfer of shares to Barron, Forbes. The complexity of sorting out Mexican land titles in what was now United States land compounded the problem. A claim presented to the Board of Land Commissioners by Barron, Forbes in 1852 proved unsatisfactory, and a suit disputing the ownership of the mine was filed. A court injunction in 1858 forced Barron, Forbes to shut down operations while investigation and litigation continued. In 1863, the case reached the United States Supreme Court, where it was decided in a four to three decision that the title did not belong to Barron, Forbes.

Seizing the opportunity, the Quicksilver Mining Company made ready to take over the property. This firm, of Pennsylvania and New York, was formed solely in anticipation of a favorable Supreme Court ruling; once that ruling was handed down, the company quickly prepared for the takeover. Barron, Forbes attempted to resist the court decision--armed confrontations at the mine entrance between men from the Quicksilver Mining Company and miners for Barron, Forbes nearly resulted in bloodshed. President Abraham Lincoln entered the fray by issuing a writ supporting the federal seizure of the mine and equipment, but the public outcry over the arbitrary use of executive authority forced the President to back down. A settlement was eventually reached in 1864 that enabled the Quicksilver Mining Company to gain possession of New Almaden on payment of $1,750,000.

Under the Quicksilver Mining Company, little time was lost in resuming operations. Samuel Butterworth resigned as president of the company to become general manager of the mine (at an annual salary of $25,000). Under his able direction, the mine boomed; New Almaden produced more quicksilver in 1865 than the fabled Almaden in Spain, the world's greatest mercury mine. Gross income for the three year period 1864-1867 totaled some $6,000,000. Over one thousand men, mostly Cornish and Mexican immigrants, were on the company payroll.

Butterworth brought routine and rigid order to New Almaden where none had existed before. Mine property was declared private, and a toll gate was erected at the entrance. Improvements in mining operations were initiated, machinery was improved, and the processing became more sophisticated. A tramway was constructed that brought ore from the shafts to the furnaces. Mine superintendants maintained a tightly controlled daily routine. Cornish "Cousin Jack" and Mexican minero often labored alongside one another by day, but separated at quitting time--one returning home to "Englishtown," the other to "Spanishtown."

Samuel Butterworth resigned in 1870 and his nephew, James B. Randol, became general manager. Randol's long tenure of twenty-two years resembled that of his uncle in many ways. The company expected discipline, order, and hard work from its employees; they in turn received benefits that the company extended. Mine workers lived in company houses, relaxed at company recreation halls or company-sponsored social events, and spent their $40 to $100 a month at the Derby and Lowe company store. Those who paid one dollar a month to the Miners' Fund, New Almaden's health plan, received medical care from the company physician. The mine continued to yield huge amounts of ore during Randol's years as manager. Newly-designed furnaces roared around the clock, reducing 154 tons of ore every twenty-four hours.

By the early 1890s however, the glory days of quicksilver production in New Almaden were over. The mountain of cinnabar that lay beneath the cave Castillero had discovered was nearly depleted. The company cut back on employees and reduced operations. The 1893 depression forced even further cutbacks, and by 1912, the Quicksilver Mining Company had filed for and been granted bankruptcy.

Sporadic attempts to resume even small scale mining at New Almaden occurred throughout the first half of the twentieth century. Rising price and demand for mercury, especially during the war years, attracted many firms to the abandoned equipment and buildings atop "Mine Hill" as late as the 1950s. Production was limited, however, and each new venture lasted only a few years at most. During World War II, the mine was kept open and running on government orders, even though it was operating at a loss.

Today, the remains of the New Almaden repose quietly in the Capitancillos hills. The mine is protected from any land development by virtue of its Department of the Interior status as an historic landmark. Recent restorations of houses for viewing by the public and the opening of a museum signal the opening of a new era for New Almaden as a public park."

Adapted from New Almaden Mine (Calif.) Collection, 1845-1973. Stanford University, 1999.

A contested election in California. ............ vs. Hon. C.N. Felton. Testimony of the qualified electors and legal voters of New Almaden .. . (page 4 of 16)

Q. Who owns the buildings in which the business of merchan- dizing is carried on, on this grant ?

A. The Quicksilver Mining Company.

Q. Who owns the business and stock of merchandise handled in those stores, and who conducts the business ?

A. The stores are leased to Messrs. Derby and Lowe directly from the New York office, the lease being signed by the President o*f the company there. Messrs. Derby and Lowe sell provisions and other merchandise to the employees and other persons on the com- pany's grant, and outsiders who desire to trade with them, and they do not furnish the supplies or materials used by The Quicksilver Mining Company, except in small quantities. Messrs. Derby and Lowe have in no way any control over the employees of this com- pany, as the management is alone invested with the power of employ and discharge. Messrs. Derby and Lowe are private individuals, and in my whole term of office I have never in one solitary instance discharged a man at the request of either Messrs. Derby or Lowe, and I have received no formal complaint from the employees against their prices.

Q. Have Messrs. Derby and Lowe any other connection with the company except that they lease stores from the company ?

A. No.

Q . Ho-w many stores do they lease ?

A. Two stores, with store houses and cellars.

Q. Mr. Jennings, you may state anything you may know of the Boleto system, so called, as practiced at those stores?


A. The Boleto system arises in this way : The company pay but once a month, at a regular pay-day. That pay-day is well known to employees; and in the whole history of Mr. Randol's management that pay-day has not been missed in one solitary instance. The company make no provision to advance men pay before the regular pay-day, but if the men desire advances they get them at the store; the store gives no credit on goods, but issues orders payable in goods at their store; these orders are printed on small pieces of card-board and called boletos. These orders when advanced to them are charged against them by the store-keepers on their books, and the amount charged against each man is reported to the company at the company's main office before pay-day, and the money thus advanced by Derby & Lowe for the convenience of the employees themselves is refunded to Messrs. Derby & Lowe by The Quicksilver Mining Company.

Q. What do you know about the politics of Messrs. Derby and Lowe, who have been attacked in this contest?

A. Mr. Lowe is a Republican and Mr. Derby a Democrat.


By Mr. MOORE :

Q. Where were you born ?

A. New York.

Q. What is your age, please ?

A. Forty-three years.

Q. You are the Derby of the firm of Derby & Lowe, are you not, lessees of the stores at New Almaden ?

A. Yes.

Q. State, if you please, your connection with this business; how you first came to be associated with the place, and the history of your connection with the stores ?

A. I came to this State in 1864 with Mr. S. F. Butterworth, who was President and Manager of The Quicksilver Mining Company at that time. I remained with him in San Francisco, as a clerk, for several months; about this time The Quicksilver Mining Company erected two store buildings at New Almaden, and leased them to C. J. Brenham; I then left the employ of Mr. Butterworth to take charge of the store business for Mr. Brenham, residing in San Francisco, and purchasing all the goods. 1 continued in that posi- tion until Mr. Brenham died in 1875. Shortly before Mr. Brenham died, Mr. Butterworth purchased the stores from him. I continued in charge of the stores for Mr. Butterworth until he died, on May 6th, 1875. Mr. Butterworth bequeathed the stores to his nephew, Mr. Eandol, who was then, and is now General Manager of The Quicksilver Mining Company at this place. About this time I was contemplating a trip abroad, and Mr. Eandol came to me and said that he knew nothing about store business, had no use for the stores, and made a proposition to dispose of them to me. I accepted the proposition and became the owner of the business. That severed Mr. Eandol's connection with the stores. I then engaged Mr. Lowe, my present partner, to take charge of the stores for me, and in November, 1876, I formed a co-partnership ' with Mr, Lowe in the business, which has continued ever since.

Q. How do you obtain these stores ?

A, We rent the stores under a lease direct from the main office of the company in New York City.

Q. In that lease are there any conditions attached as to what character of stores you are to keep ?

A. We agree with the company to keep in the stores a well selected stock of provisions and other merchandise for the use of the employees of the company, not to retail any liquors, and to maintain good order in and around the premises.

Q. Do you reside at Almaden ?

A. No; I reside in San Francisco and attend to purchasing goods for the stores. Mr. Lowe resides at New Almaden, and is in personal charge of the stores.

Possible connection: JAMES M. DERBY, secretary and treasurer of the Mount Carmel Iron Works, is one of the most popular and prominent men in Mount Carmel, where he stands very high as a business man of unusual ability who has been very successful. Mr. Derby is a son of Chauncey H. and Esther P. (Cary) Derby, and was born at Dunmore, near Scranton, Pa., September 10, 1851. Our subject was educated in the common schools near Scranton and at an early age learned the trade of tinsmith with his father and also learned the details of the hardware business. He followed both the trade and business for a few years, when he engaged in business as a general merchant, conducting a very successful store until 1880, in which year he branched out and sought a larger field and more opportunities for his ability and his business talent. He removed to Mount Carmel in 1880 and established a business as a general merchant, having sold out a quite prosperous general store which he had established a short time previous in Shamokin. He conducted his general store in Mount Carmel until January 1, 1896, when he was active in the formation of the Mount Carmel Iron Company, which was chartered July 15, 1895. He resigned a clerkship with the Union Coal Company to form the Mount Carmel Iron Company. He was the first superintendent and general manager, which position he filled with great ability, and he was later made secretary and treasurer. The works do a very large business, manufacturing all sorts of iron used in connection with mining machinery. In politics Mr. Derby formerly was a Republican, but he now is classed as a Prohibitionist. He is prominent in fraternal circles, being a member of Mount Carmel Lodge No. 378, F. & A. M., and of the R. A. M. Chapter and Knights Templar; also a leading member of Mount Carmel Lodge No. 630, I. O. O. F. He is an active member of the Methodist Church. Mr. Derby was united in marriage on July 22, 1873, to Helen M. Clarkson of Ashland, Pa., and to them have been born these children : Archibald, who is employed in the Mount Carmel Iron Works, and married Minnie, a daughter of F. M. Everett; Ethel M.; Robert Wilson; Florence; and Louella. Through the efforts of Mr. Derby a post-office was established two miles west of Mount Carmel, which is called Strong, and of which he was the first postmaster appointed. Mr. Derby always has taken great interest in everything which has had a tendency to advance the commercial and industrial interests of Mount Carmel. He has been prominent in every movement for the general good of the public and is looked upon as one of the most progressive, energetic and public-spirited citizens of the town in which he is so popular, both in business and social circles. The father of our subject, Chauncey H. Derby, was a native of Lackawanna County; so also were several other members of the family on the paternal side. The family originally came from Ireland and were the founders of Derby, Conn. Many of its members have resided in the state of Pennsylvania for generations. The grandfather of our subject, John Derby, located in Lackawanna County, this state. He was a Presbyterian clergyman and followed-the work of the church during his life-time. Mr. Derby's father, Chauncey H. Derby, was born in 1805. He was the first hardware merchant in Scranton. He is also recalled as the second Mason in Scranton, Joseph Godfrey having been the first citizen of the town to enter the Masonic fraternity. Mr. Derby was a man of great energy and was fond of travel. He saw much of the world. He was one of the organizers of the Republican party and a colleague of that sturdy statesman, Galusha A. Grow. He never sought office, although he always was very active in party politics. He was an active member of the Presbyterian Church and a pronounced temperance man. The family from which the mother of our subject descended, the Carys, may be traced back for several generations. The family originated in Somersetshire, England. The ancestor from whom the Carys date was Sir Lucius Cary, who was born in Somersetshire, England, in 1504. He married a sister of the celebrated Anne Boleyn, becoming by his marriage an uncle to Queen Elizabeth. In a direct line was the Earl of Hunsdon, a cousin of the queen. The next was Sir Robert Cary, who was at the death-bed of Queen Elizabeth and was the first to convey the news of her expressed desire that her cousin, James I., should succeed to the throne. The oldest son became Lord Faulkner, who was Chancellor of the Exchequer under Charles II. One of the younger sons, John Cary, the immediate ancestor, was sent to France to complete his education. While he was in France his father died and there followed some difficulty in settling the estate. He took a younger son's part, £10, and in 1634 came to Connecticut where he joined the Pilgrims. He was among the original settlers and property holders at Duxbury and Bridgewater, Conn. The first purchase of lands was made from the native Indians in 1639 and the deed was made to four distinguished men, Miles Standish, Capt. Mayflower, Samuel Nash, and Constant Southworth, as trustees for William Bradford, John Cary and fifty-two other settlers. The consideration named in the deed is interesting reading in this age. It was as follows: Seven coats, to contain one and a half yards of cloth to each coat; nine hatchets; eight hoes; twenty knives; four mooseskins; and ten and a half yards of cotton. John Cary married Elizabeth Godfrey in 1644. Their second child, Francis, was born in 1647 and he married Hannah Britt in 1676. They reared a family of five children, the oldest, Samuel, born in 1667, married Mary Poole in 1704. Samuel and Mary (Poole) Cary came to this country after their marriage and located in Dutchess County, N. Y. They had eight children of whom the eighth, Eleazer, was born in 1718 and was a direct ancestor of the subject. Eleazer migrated from Connecticut in 1769, whither he had gone from New York, and located in the Wyoming Valley, Pennsylvania. He married a Miss Sturtevant and they had a family of six children. Their second child, John, was born May 7, 1756, and was the great-grand-father of our subject. He was noted as a man of herculean build and strength. He served under Capt. Durkee in the War of the Revolution and was at the memorable Wyoming Massacre. He died in 1844 at the age of eighty-eight years and was buried in Wilkes-barre. One of his brothers, Samuel, a small, active man, was also in the battle at Wyoming and was captured by the Indians and held by them for six years, and was supposed by the family to have been killed. In 1744 Samuel returned to the Valley where he passed the remainder of his days. The great-grandfather of our subject had eleven children, the sixth being the maternal grandfather of our subject, Miner Cary. He was one of the earliest settlers in the vicinity of what is now Scranton and owned a large part of the land which is now occupied by the site of the city of Scranton. He married Sarah Deans and to them were born eleven children, of whom Esther P. Cary, mother of our subject, was born in Scranton, Pa., March 17, 1817.(Book of Biographies of the Seventeenth Congressional District Published by Biographical Publishing Company of Chicago, Ill. and Buffalo, NY, 1899 , pg. 502 Transcribed by Tammy L. Clark)

Derby & Lowe's possible Connection to prominent families of Derbyshire, England: Columbell of Derby and Lowe of Alderwasley . Ralph's heir was his daughter Agnes, who married Thomas Columbell of Sandiacre. She inherited the Nether hail manor and a lawsuit. In 1393 Columbell was seised of the manor after the court at Derby had decided in his favour and against Norman Charnolls who had married Agnes Foljambe. By the Columbell marriage the Derbyshire Darleys ceased to exist in name, but the family ties were unbroken. In later years Thomas Columbell of Darley married Ann Darley of Wistow (d. 1540), and John Lowe of Alderwasley married her sister Margaret.

Butterworth Connectiuon:

Derby Wills1858-1928 BUTTERWORTH: 1865 CHARLES Derby 1891 HENSHAW Hadfield 1912 ALFRED Derby 1921 JOHN Derby 1927 ALICE Matlock Bath

James Butterworth Randol

Butterworth, Samuel F., b. 1811, Newburg, N.Y.; d. May 6, 1875, S.F. Elected Honorary Regent, 1868-76; resigned, 1873. Education: Union Coll.; private law study under Edward Tompkins, N.Y.C. Career: U.S. district attorney for Miss. during Van Buren administration; commissioned justice, U.S. Supreme Court, but did not accept; supt., U.S. Assay Office, N.Y., 1857; came to California, 1864 in connection with suit against New Almaden Quicksilver Mining Co., of which he was president until resignation, 1870; president, North Bloomfield Gravel Mining Co. at time of death. Author of Regents' resolution eliminating student tuition fee; author of Regents' resolution admitting women to the University.

BUTTERWORTH--Death of a Prominent Citizen. Yesterday afternoon, after a protracted and painful illness, Samuel F. BUTTERWORTH, a prominent citizen passed away. The deceased was born in 1811, at Newburg, New York. He was educated at the Union College, in that State, and after graduating practiced law in New York City. Under Van Buren's Administration he was appointed U. S. District Attorney for Mississippi, and married a lady of that State. On the organization of the U. S. Branch Mint in New York, he was appointed the first Superintendent by President Buchanan. Mr. BUTTERWORTH, during his long career, had always been a Democrat, and rendered important service to the party in every trying contest. From the time of his arrival in California in 1864 till June, 1870, he was President and Manager of the New Almaden Quicksilver Mines. When the State University was established by an Act of the Legislature, he was appointed one of the Regents by Gov. HAIGHT, and was Chairman of the Executive Committe of the Regents of the University. He was an active and devoted friend of the institution, and his name appears upon the minutes of the Board of Regents as the proposer and author of several of the prominent features of its organization. He introduced the resolution abolishing all fees and charges, and declaring the University absolutely free to all properly qualified applicants as well of other States and countries as California. He was also the author of the resolution opening the doors of the University to young women and admitting them on terms of equality with young men. He was President of the North Bloomington Gravel Mining Company, and at the time of his death was one of the Golden Gate Park Commissioners. Mr. BUTTERWORTH leaves a wife and two daughters, Mrs. C. P. PRINGLE and Mrs. Louis T. HAGGIN. The funeral will take place Friday (to-morrow) morning, at 11 o'clock, from Trinity Church. Source: San Francisco Daily Examiner, 06 May 1875, page 3.