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Franklin-Nashville Campaign, US Civil War

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  • Pvt. Samuel Newton Way, (USA) (1840 - 1913)
    Born to William & Charity (Atkinson) Way & was the brother of Alvis, Jaben, John, Mary, & Margaret Way. He was husband 1st to Abygill (Moore) Tillery on March 21, 1867 & they had 6 children: Nancy, Ma...
  • 1 Lt. James Anson Sherwood Hanford, (USA) (1823 - 1879)
    James was a 1st Lieutenant in the 88th Illinois Infantry. He mustered into the army Aug. 27, 1862 in Chicago, Ill. His death certificate said he was born in Columbus, OH, but his induction papers said ...
  • Lieut. General John Bell Hood (CSA) (1831 - 1879)
    Bell Hood (June 1 or June 29, 1831 – August 30, 1879) was a Confederate general during the American Civil War. Hood had a reputation for bravery and aggressiveness that sometimes bordered on recklessne...
  • Lt. General John M. Schofield (USA), U.S. Secretary of War (1831 - 1906)
    McAllister Schofield (September 29, 1831 – March 4, 1906) was an American soldier who held major commands during the American Civil War. He later served as U.S. Secretary of War and commanding general ...
  • Gen. George H. Thomas (USA) (1816 - 1870)
    George Henry Thomas (July 31, 1816 – March 28, 1870) was a career United States Army officer and a Union General during the American Civil War, one of the principal commanders in the Western Theat...

The Franklin–Nashville campaign, also known as Hood's Tennessee campaign, was a series of battles in the Western Theater, conducted from September 18 to December 27, 1864, in Alabama, Tennessee, and northwestern Georgia during the American Civil War.

The Confederate Army of Tennessee under Lt. Gen. John Bell Hood drove north from Atlanta, threatening Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's lines of communications and central Tennessee. After a brief attempt to pursue Hood, Sherman returned to Atlanta and began his March to the Sea, leaving Union forces under Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas to deal with Hood's threat.

Hood hoped to defeat the Union force under Maj. Gen. John Schofield before it could converge with Thomas's army and attempted to do so at the Battle of Spring Hill on November 29, but poorly coordinated Confederate attacks allowed Schofield to escape. The following day, Hood launched a series of futile frontal assaults against Schofield's field fortifications in the Battle of Franklin, suffering heavy casualties; Schofield withdrew his force and successfully linked up with Thomas in Nashville, Tennessee. On December 15–16, Thomas's combined army attacked Hood's depleted army and routed it in the Battle of Nashville, sending it in retreat to Tupelo, Mississippi. Hood resigned his commission shortly thereafter and the Army of Tennessee ceased to exist as an effective fighting force.