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Jewish Community of Nyiregyhaza, Hungary

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Profiles

  • Lipót Schönbrun (parents assumed) (c.1844 - d.)
    Marriage: SCHONBRUN, Lipot 26 to BURGER, Borbala 18, 11-Sep-1870 Pest; Groom and bride b. Varanno, lived BP. Witness BURGER Armin LDS 642974, Vol. 30. (84-02)
  • Boriska Mitternacht (1895 - d.)
    1895 - Link to Birth Record - Nyíregyháza, Hungary
  • Miklós Váradi (1893 - d.)
    1893 - Link to Birth Record - Nyíregyháza, Hungary *1909 - Name change from MITTERNACHT to VÁRADI *1930 - Marriage to Erzsébet HASKÓ in Budapest, Hungary
  • Julia Mitternacht (1891 - d.)
    1891 - Link to Birth Record - Nyíregyháza, Hungary
  • Jenő Mitternacht (1890 - 1893)
    1890 - Link to Birth Record - Nyíregyháza, Hungary *1893 - Link to Death Record - Nyíregyháza, Hungary

Nyíregyháza is situated some 150 miles east of Budapest on the northern edge of the Great Hungarian Plain, in rich agricultural country, known particularly for its fruit trees. Source

Általános információ magyarul

In 1848, seventy one Jews lived in Nyiregyháza. They had a prayer house and shokhet as part of Nagykalló Jewish community until in 1865 when they received permission from the county Chief Rabbi, Abraham Weinberger, to form their own religious community. In August, Károly Friedmann became rabbi.

On April 2, 1879, they celebrated the golden anniversary of Franz Joseph by collecting twenty thousand forints for building a new temple opened on September  5,1889. A marble memorial plaque on the wall of the entrance commemorates the contribution of Moricz Haas in building the temple.

In May 1881, Saul Lieber became cantor and was renown countrywide for the children's choir that he brought with him from Poland. Source

Rabbis

Karl (Károly) Friedmann (1856-1905)., the fist local rabbi, the disciple of Rabbi Avraham Shmuel Binyamin Sofer, chief religious judge of the Rabbinical court of Pressberg.

The Chief Rabbi Bela Bernstein (1909-1944), one of the important rabbis of Hungary in his time, and a researcher of the history of the Jews in Hungary. He greatly influenced a lot the religious life, education, and culture in Nyiregyhaza. His first Book about the commentary of Rabbi Bechaiey Ben Asher was published in Berlin in 1891. Another of his books dealt with the part of the Jews in the Hungarian War of Independence. He also wrote some textbooks about Jewish history. His translation of the Torah portions and the Haftarot was also a textbook. He was lost in Auschwicz.

Rabbi Shalom Wieder, dean of the local yeshiva Source

Rabbi Yehoshua Ha'eshel Landau Source

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NYÍREGYHÁZA DEPORTATIONS USHMM Searchable Database


Nyiregyhaza, Hungary