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Jewish Families of Swarzędz (formerly Schwersenz, Posen)

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Swarzedz is located at 52°25' N 17°05' E 166 mi W of Warszawa. It is a small town about 13 km from Poznan. Jewish settlers were living there for many years. A web site at http://www.swarzedz.pl offers some insight into the present day town. The Jewish population in the 1800's was limited, with many people moving to the larger cities by the early 1900's.

Yad Vashem records 154 people who were born in Swarzedz who perished in the Holocaust. These people were mostly living in large cities such as Berlin.

This town may be called by slightly different names depending on the time frame. Most recently, in Poland, it is Swarzedz. During the German period of 1940 it was called Schwaningen. During the Prussian period and around 1900 it was called Schwersenz, part of Posen, Prussia, Germany.

SWARZEDZ: US Commission No. POCE000459 Alternate Yiddish name: Schwersenz. The town is located in region Poznanskie at 52°25 17°05, 13 km from Poznan. Cemetery: by main road EB, Poznan-Warszawa. Present town population is 5,000-25,000 with no Jews. o Local: Urzad Miasta I Gminy, ul. Rynek 1, tel. 172411. o Regional: region Konserwator Zabytkow, 61-716 Poznan, ul. Kosciuszki 93, tel. 69 64 64.

    

1921 Jewish population was 61 (1.8%.) The unlandmarked Conservative Jewish cemetery was about 0.5 km from the congregation. The isolated suburban hillside has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all with no wall, fence or gate. No stones are visible. The municipality owns the property used as a nursery. It was vandalized during World War II. Within the limits of the cemetery are a nursery house, a scout house, and a water collector pipe.

    

Stawomir Pniewski, Poznan, ul. Prybyszewskiego 37/4 completed survey in August 1991 using a 1940 German map. He visited in 1990 but conducted no interviews.

In Luft, The Naturalized Jews of the Grand Duchy of Posen in 1834 and 1835, published by Avotanyu, there are records of 98 Jewish persons who achieved citizenship in this era. Generally these were tradesmen, merchants, food preparation individuals and horsetraders.

There is a free e-book which has a lot about about Jewish life in Schwersenz near Posen -- https://archive.org/details/canawaylustigs00kaluiala

Here's a list of the inventory at the Polish State Archives related to Swaredz -- http://www.szukajwarchiwach.pl/53/4389/0/str/1/100?ps=True#tabJednostki

JRI-Poland offers transcribed database information for this town using the LDS Microfilms # 1600235, 1600236 and 1600237. Access via JewishGen.

BaSIA http://basia.famula.pl/en/ Upon the agreement by the State Archives in Poznan, the Wielkopolska Genealogical Society (WTG "Gniazdo") has launched a project to transcribe and index the scans of vital records which have been made online by the Polish National Archives.

Jewish Cemeteries in Poland Project http://www.kirkuty.xip.pl/swarzedz.htm has data on the town, in Polish. A Google translation has been added to the Discussions page for this project. Mentioned in this link is the newspaper Glos Swardzedza from 1934.

Familiendatenbank Juden im Deutschen Reich http://www.online-ofb.de/juden_nw/ "This database contains data on persons of Jewish faith or of Jewish descent, who lived in the former German Reich in the 1914 borders, or are closely connected with this space."

A link to the newspaper file is here: http://meble.swarzedz.pl/index.php?id=73

"The Jews of Posen Province in the 19th Century", Edward David Luft. Available at www.cjh.org. (Center for Jewish History) http://tinyurl.com/hfcadhf

A free ebook "Städtebuch des Landes Posen" is available https://books.google.com/books?id=2apDAAAAYAAJ.

Additional items of interest appear in "photos and documents."

Additional discussion of the history of the Jewish population is here:

http://www.xn--jdische-gemeinden-22b.de/index.php/gemeinden/s-t/1792-schwersenz-posen