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  • Marianne Kuttner (1905 - 1983)
  • Frank Schwarzkopf (1859 - d.)
    He is not in New Mount Sinai Cemetery. He is not in Findagrave 2/2013 or United Hebrew Cemetery. None of the Geni Smart Matches have any data on his death or deathplace. 12/15/2022
  • Clemens Schwarzkopf (c.1830 - d.)
    In the Kennedy's 1860 St. Louis City directory L. Ludwig Schwarzkopf was noted as living at r. 56 Franklin Avenue and working as a butcher. He was one of two Schwarzkopf in the directory. The other was...
  • Jay Joseph Wolff (1898 - c.1983)
    Jay was an interesting man. He loved to sing and was active in the St. Louis Municipal Opera chorus in the 1950's. He was a train conductor. He moved to the Philadelphia area in about 1954 and died the...
  • Isidor Auer (1872 - 1919)
    Isidor Auer FamilySearch Family Tree Birth: June 1 1872 - Czechia Death: Feb 24 1919 - Missouri, United States Father: Solomon Auer Wife: Hannah Auer (born Littmann) Brother: Josef Auer

This is an umbrella project for all projects related to Jewish inhabitants of Missouri.

An excellent reference book on the Jewish settlers of St. Louis is Zion In The Valley by Walter Ehrlich. Volume 1 covers the period from the Revolutionary War up to 1900. The index is quite complete. There are numerous photographs and notes and references. Many early families are described.

The photo is of the first synagogue building in St. Louis, around 1856. Belonged to B'nai El congregation.

Refer to The Library of Congress Virtual Jewish History site at

Virtual Jewish World: Missouri, United States Virtual Jewish World: Table of Contents | North America | United States

Jews were legally admitted into the area of Missouri with the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. The first known Jewish Missourian was Ezekiel Block, a slave owner who was part of a traditionally oriented family which gradually left Schwihau, Bohemia, between 1796 and 1850. At least 23 family members settled in Troy, Perryville, and mainly Cape Girardeau, Louisiana, and St. Louis. They engaged primarily in merchandising, but one also became a lawyer and another became a mill owner and an insurance company resident. Most eventually married Christians. However, one married into the Philipson family of St. Louis, the first Jewish family in that town.

By 1837 St. Louis had a minyan and, although the city had less than 100 Jews, a cemetery was founded in 1840 and a congregation in 1841. By mid-century the Jewish population in St. Louis increased to between 600 and 700 due to the German immigration of 1848–53, which also led to a Jewish influx into St. Joseph and Kansas City where congregations were established in 1860 and 1870 respectively. Congregations were established in the mid-1880s in the state capital, Jefferson City, and by 1905 in both Springfield (south-central) and Joplin (southwest). By 1950 regular services were being held at University of Missouri Hillel in Columbia, Fort Leonard Wood, and in Cape Girardeau (southeast). In 1948 Eddie Jacobson, a once failed Missouri Jewish merchant, played a role – whose importance is a matter of dispute – when he approached his former partner Harry S. Truman and pressed for the recognition of the State of Israel. By the early 1960s the Jews of Sedalia (west-central) had organized their own congregation. Two of the most popular organizations in outstate Missouri are B'nai B'rith and Anti-Defamation League. Washington University had a fine Judaic studies program. Steven Schwarczchild taught there for a generation and Hillel Kieval was the Gloria M. Goldstein Professor of Jewish Thought. The University of Missouri had an active Hillel program. The St. Louis Jewish Light was the Jewish publication for the St. Louis area. Kansas City, Missouri, was covered by the Kansas City Jewish Chronicle, which was based in Kansas.

As of 2013, Missouri's Jewish population was approximately 59,175 people.

Sources: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved. AJHSP (1914), index; D.I. Makovsky, The Philipsons; the First Jewish Settlers in St. Louis 1807–1858 (1958); S. Bowman, Tribute to Isidore Busch (1920).

Missouri was a popular destination for people moving west. Here are some statistics on the population of Missouri starting in 1810. Before Missouri was a state the area had a population of about 19,783 people. Missouri became a state in 1821. The population then was about 66,586 people (1820 census). In the next ten years the population doubled to 140,455 people in 1830. It doubled again with the count in 1840 to 383, 702.

While these figures are for the entire population many Jews arrived in these formative years as described above. Jumping ahead to 1900 the total population then was recorded at 3,106,665 people. A fast growing central State, populated mostly by immigrants, many Germans and Italians, it supported a large population of Jewish citizens.

See also

Researchers should be aware that the City of St. Louis is not in any County of Missouri. St. Louis County is a separate entity and does not contain the City itself. Census records are so delineated and research must be directed at the correct local level jurisdictions. Many Jewish people resided in University City, a separate but contiguous entity next to the City of St. Louis. University City is in St. Louis County.