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  • Sir John Gilbert York (1510 - 1569)
    wikipedia Sir John Yorke (died 1569) was an English merchant who became Master of the Mint.He was third son of John Yorke, by his wife Katherine Patterdale or Patterdall. On 3 September 1535 he arrived...
  • Sir Thomas Smythe, MP (c.1558 - 1625)
    SMYTHE, Sir Thomas (c.1558-1625), of Philpott Lane, London and Bounds Place, Bidborough, Kent Sir Thomas Smythe or Smith (c.1558 – 4 September 1625),[1] was an English merchant, politician and colonial...
  • Sir Matthew Wood, 1st Baronet (1768 - 1843)
    Sir Matthew Wood===1st Baronet was a British Whig politician===Life===Matthew Wood was the son of William Wood, a serge maker from Exeter and Tiverton, and his wife Catherine Cluse (died 1809). He was ...
  • Sir Thomas Cambell, Lord Mayor of London (c.1535 - 1613)
    Thomas Cambell (c. 1536 – 13 February 1614) was an English merchant who was Lord Mayor of London in 1609.
  • Sir Owen Buckingham, MP (c.1649 - 1713)
    BUCKINGHAM, Sir Owen (c.1649-1713), of Bread Street, London and Erleigh Court, Earley, Berks.Family and Educationb. c.1649, 2nd s. of George Buckingham of Stanwell, Mdx., prob. by his 3rd w. Anne. m. (...

From c. 1131–1889, by a charter of Henry I, the livery of the City of London were given the right to elect two sheriffs of "London and Middlesex" on a payment of £300 per annum to the Crown. This continued until 1889, when the Local Government Act 1888 came into force. A separate High Sheriff of Middlesex and High Sheriff of the County of London was thereafter appointed in the same manner as other English and Welsh counties.

Since 1385 when the Court of Common Council stipulated that every future Lord Mayor should "have previously been Sheriff so that he may be tried as to his governance and bounty before he attains to the Estate of Mayor", the shrieval year of an Aldermanic Sheriff is an obligatory trial run for would-be Lord Mayors of London.

In modern times the two Sheriffs are elected on Midsummer's Day every year in Guildhall by the City livery companies. Their duties include attending the Lord Mayor in carrying out his official duties, attending the sessions at the Central Criminal Court in the Old Bailey and presenting petitions from the City to Parliament at the Bar[1] of the House of Commons.


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