Katz is a common German surname. It is also one of the oldest and most common Ashkenazi Jewish surnames.
THE OLDEST SURNAME IN WORLD IS KATZ (INITIALS OF THE TWO WORDS KOHEN TSEDEK). EVERY KATZ IS A PRIEST DESCENDING IN AN UNBROKEN LINE FROM AARON THE BROTHER OF MOSES 1300 B.C. BOOK 1.
Germans with the last name Katz may originate in the Rhine River region of Germany, where the Katz Castle is located.
(The name of the castle does not derive from Katze, cat, but from Katzenelnbogen, going back to Latin Cattimelibocus, consisting of the ancient Germanic tribal name of the Chatti and Melibokus.)
Katzman, deriving from the German Katz, is a Slavic name meaning high priest or king. It is believed the Katzman surname originates from Germany and has roots from there as well.
As a Jewish surname, Katz is an abbreviation formed from the Hebrew initials of the term Kohen Tzedeq (כּ״ץ), meaning "priest of justice." It has been used since the seventeenth century, or perhaps somewhat earlier, as an epithet of the descendants of Aaron.
The collocation is most likely derived from Melchizedek ("king of righteousness"), who is called the priest ("kohen") of the most high God (Genesis xiv. 18), or perhaps from Psalm cxxxii. 9: Let thy priests be clothed with righteousness ("tzedeq"). The use of the abbreviated and Germanicized "Katz" likely coincided with the imposition of German names on Jews in Germany in the 18th or 19th centuries.
If the reading is correct, this abbreviation occurs on a tombstone, dated 1536, in the cemetery of Prague (Hock, Die Familien Prag's, p. 175); it is found also on a tombstone of the year 1618 in Frankfurt (M. Horowitz (Moses Horowitz?), Die Inschriften des Alten Friedhofes der Israelitischen Gemeinde zu Frankfurt-am-Main 1901, p. 63), in the books of the Soncino family of Prague of the seventeenth century (Zunz, Z.G. p. 262), and in one of the prefaces to Shabbethai ben Meïr ha-Kohen's notes on the Choshen Mishpat (Amsterdam, 1663).
The name Katz has a website devoted to All Things Katz.
People surnamed Katz include:
- Ada Katz, American artist's model
- Alex Katz, American artist
- Allan Katz, American comedy writer
- Amir Katz, Israeli born musician
- Andy Katz, American college basketball journalist
- Sir Bernard Katz, British biophysicist (born in Germany)
- Boris Katz, computer scientist
- Daniel Katz, American psychologist (1903–1998)
- Daniel Katz (politician), Mayor of Mar del Plata, Argentina
- Danny Katz (columnist), Australian columnist and author
- Daryl Katz, Canadian drug store owner, owner of Edmonton Oilers
- David Katz (author), British music historian and journalist
- Dovid Katz, Lithuanian-American Yiddishist and academic
- Elias Katz, Finnish 3,000-m team steeplechase Olympic champion
- Elihu Katz, American sociologist
- Emily Katz Social worker and cradle robber.
- Erich Katz (1900–1973), an German-born musicologist and Jewish refugee
- Harold Katz, American entrepreneur
- Jacob Katz, Israeli historian
- Jay Katz (disambiguation), name/pseudonym for several people
- Jeffrey Katz, American music producer
- Jerrold Katz, American philosopher and linguist
- Jon Katz (born 1947), American journalist and writer
- Jonathan Katz (born 1946), American comedian, actor, and voice actor
- Jonathan David Katz (born 1958), American professor
- Jonathan Ned Katz (born 1938), historian of LGBT American history
- Joseph Katz, Comintern member, CPUSA and Soviet spy
- Emmanuel Mané-Katz, Ukraine-born Israeli artist
- Mickey Katz, American comedian and musician
- Mike Katz, American bodybuilder
- Nathan Katz (professor), American professor
- Nathan Katz (poet), Alsatian poet
- Nicholas Katz, an American mathematician
- Omri Katz, an American-Israeli actor
- Paul Katz, American cellist
- Phil Katz, American computer programmer
- Phoebe Cates (born Phoebe Belle Katz), American actress
- Randy H. Katz, UC Berkeley professor
- Ronald A. Katz, inventor
- Robert Katz (1933-2010), American novelist, screenwriter, and non-fiction author
- Ryan Katz, professional wrestler billed as "GQ Money"
- Sam Katz, mayor of the city of Winnipeg, Manitoba
- Sidney A. Katz, mayor of the City of Gaithersburg, Maryland
- Shemuel Katz (1926–2010), Israeli artist
- Samuel Katz (disambiguation)
- Stu Katz, jazz pianist and vibraphonist
- Tamar Katz, Israeli figure skater living in the United States
- Welwyn Wilton Katz, Canadian children's author
- William Loren Katz, American historian, specializing in African American history
- Yuri Katz, Ukraine-born American music producer
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gotthard Deutsch (1901–1906). "Katz". Jewish Encyclopedia. http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=152&letter=K.
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
- See alsoKutz, Katzmann, Katzman