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  • Koddo van Guinea, SM/PROG (c.1640 - 1702)
    No source has been found to verify some of the following information. Please assist if you can.
  • Ansela van de Caap, SM/PROG (1655 - 1735)
    Campher Stammoeder Ansela van die Kaap Research Review Apr 2016 Ansela’s origin Recent mitochondrial DNA analysis of two matrilineal descendants of Ansela van die Kaap has indicated that the Camp...
  • Anna Putter, b1 (c.1706 - 1778)
    Name Anna Van Der Swaan Event Type Baptism Event Date 20 Jun 1706 Event Place Stellenbosch, Cape of Good Hope, South Africa Father's Name Gerrit Van Der Swaan Mother's Name Agnitie Camfer (
  • President Rolihlahla Nelson Mandela, Nobel Laureate (1918 - 2013)
    Nobel Laureate Nelson Mandela (fondly known by his amaXhosa clan name, ‘Madiba’), served 27 years in an Apartheid Prison on Robben Island, emerging to become South Africa’s first democratically elected...

For people who have tested and are assigned the maternal haplogroup L0a, L0b, L0d, L0f, L0k. (Four of them were originally classified L1 as L1a, L1d, L1f, and L1k) or who are believed to have had that maternal haplogroup based on descendants tested.

To participate in this project, join or follow the project, add your oldest known ancestor who belonged to this haplogroup, & yourself. The profile must be set to public in order to add it.

TIP: If you know your mtDNA Progenitor mother, Jeff Gentes' wonderful History Link App provides a way to check if there are others on the Geni tree who share her with you: + 'Ancestor Graph' ( top right) + Little boxed face in the middle, next to your name, & change the person to your mtDNA PROG's profile link + Change the box options below to '10 or more Generations to Display'; 'Descendants' & 'mtDNA' + 'Build Graph' (green box, top right) + Choose the 'Status' circle option - as this will show you which of her descendants are also Geni users (claimed profiles). (Or see the HIstory Link Project)

Possible time of origin:112,200 to 188,000 YBP

Possible place of origin: East Africa

Ancestor:Mitochondrial Eve

Descendants: L0a'b'f'k, L0d


It is found most commonly in the Sub-Saharan Africa. It reaches its highest frequency in the Khoisan people at 73%.[3] Some of the higher frequencies are:[4] Namibia (!Xun) 79%, South Africa (Khwe/!Xun) 83% and Botswana (!Kung) 100%.

Haplogroup L0d is the most divergent ("ancient") haplogroup of global mitochondrial DNA haplogroups. It is found at highest frequencies in the Khoisan groups of Southern Africa.[5][6][4][7] L0d is also commonly found in the Coloured population of South Africa and frequencies range from 60% [8] to 71%.[7] This illustrates the massive maternal contribution of Khoisan people to the Coloured population of South Africa.

Haplogroups L0k is the second most common haplogroup in the Khoisan groups (following L0d) and is largely restricted to the Khoisan.[5][6][4][7] Interestingly, while the Khoisan associated L0d haplogroup were found in high frequencies in the Coloured population of South Africa, L0k were not observed in two studies involving large groups of Coloured individuals.[7][8]

Haplogroup L0f is present in relatively small frequencies in Tanzania, East Africa.

Haplogroup L0a is most prevalent in South-East African populations (25% in Mozambique).[3] Among Guineans, it has a frequency between 1% and 5%, with the Balanta group showing increased frequency of about 11%. Haplogroup L0a has a Paleolithic time depth of about 33,000 years and likely reached Guinea between 10,000 and 4,000 years ago. It also is often seen in the Mbuti and Biaka-pygmies. L0a is found in almost 25% in Hadramawt (Yemen).[9]

Haplogroup L0b Ethiopia.


L0 is one of two branches from the most recent common ancestor, MRCA, for the shared human maternal lineage. This ancestor is estimated to have lived in East Africa approximately 150,000 to 170,000 years ago.[citation needed] Haplogroup L0 consists of five main branches (L0a, L0b, L0d, L0f, L0k). Four of them were originally classified into haplogroup L1 as L1a, L1d, L1f, and L1k


Geni Users With This mtDNA Haplogroup

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