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  • Elkanah Lane (1836 - 1904)
  • Alfred Roe (1840 - d.)
  • Alfred Bryant Copeland (1839 - 1909)
    Alfred Bryant Copeland Copeland, Alfred Bryant :( Am.) Native of Boston. He lived for some years in Antwerp, where he was a pupil of the Royal Academy, and has at present, 1878, a studio in Paris, wo...
  • Louis-Joseph Chevrolet (1878 - 1941)
    Louis-Joseph Chevrolet was born December 25, 1878 and died June 6, 1941. He was a Swiss-born, of French descent, American race car driver and founder of the Chevrolet Motor Company in 1911. He also fou...
  • Matthew Boulton (1728 - 1809)
    Wikipedia Biographical Summary Matthew Boulton FRS (3 September 1728 – 17 August 1809) was an English manufacturer and business partner of Scottish engineer James Watt. In the final quarter of the 18...

Add manufacturers and owners of factories to this project. You can visit HistoryLink to find out which projects include your ancestors.

Overview

"Manufacturing is the production of merchandise for use or sale using labour and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing, or formulation. The term may refer to a range of human activity, from handicraft to high tech, but is most commonly applied to industrial production, in which raw materials are transformed into finished goods on a large scale. Such finished goods may be used for manufacturing other, more complex products, such as aircraft, household appliances or automobiles, or sold to wholesalers, who in turn sell them to retailers, who then sell them to end users – the 'consumers'."

In its earliest form, manufacturing was usually carried out by a single skilled artisan with assistants. Training was by apprenticeship. In much of the pre-industrial world, the guild system protected the privileges and trade secrets of urban artisans.

Before the Industrial Revolution, most manufacturing occurred in rural areas, where household-based manufacturing served as a supplemental subsistence strategy to agriculture (and continues to do so in places). Entrepreneurs organized a number of manufacturing households into a single enterprise through the putting-out system.

Source: Manufacturing at Wikipedia.

History

After the Industrial Revolution and in the U.S. particularly after the Civil War, manufacturing was increasingly centralized in factories.

"The American system of manufacturing was a set of manufacturing methods that evolved in the 19th century. The two notable features were the extensive use of interchangeable parts and mechanization for production, which resulted in more efficient use of labor compared to hand methods. The system was also known as armory practice because it was first fully developed in armories, namely, the Springfield and Harpers Ferry U.S. Federal armories,[1] their inside contractors, and various private armories. The name "American system" came not from any aspect of the system that is unique to the American national character, but simply from the fact that for a time in the 19th century it was strongly associated with the American companies who first successfully implemented it, and how their methods contrasted (at that time) with those of British and continental European companies. In the 1850s, the "American system" was contrasted to the "English system". Within a few decades, manufacturing technology had evolved further, and the ideas behind the "American" system were in use worldwide. Therefore, in manufacturing today, which is global in the scope of its methods, there is no longer any such contradistinction."

Source: American system of manufacturing at Wikipedia