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Medal of Honor recipients, African-American

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  • Robet Augustus Sweeney, Seaman (1853 - 1890)
    Robert Augustus Sweeney (February 20, 1853 – December 19, 1890) was a sailor in the United States Navy and is one of only nineteen servicemen, and the only African American, to receive the Medal...
  • John Smith, First Class Fireman (1954 - d.)
    John Smith (born 1854, date of death unknown) was a United States Navy sailor and a recipient of America's highest military decoration, the Medal of Honor. Born in 1854 in Bermuda, Smith immigrated...
  • Joseph B. Noil, Seaman (1841 - 1881)
    Joseph B. Noil (born 1841, died March 21, 1881) was a United States Navy sailor and a recipient of America's highest military decoration—the Medal of Honor. Joseph Noil enlisted in the Navy ...
  • William Johnson, Cooper (1855 - 1903)
    William Johnson (1855 – May 20, 1903) was a United States Navy sailor and a recipient of America's highest military decoration, the Medal of Honor. Biography Willian Johnson was born in ...
  • John Johnson, Seaman (1839 - d.)
    John Johnson (born 1839, date of death unknown) was a United States Navy sailor and a recipient of America's highest military decoration, the Medal of Honor. Biography On April 12, 1872, Davis ...

The Medal of Honor was created during the American Civil War and is the highest military decoration presented by the United States government to a member of its armed forces. Recipients must have distinguished themselves at the risk of their own life above and beyond the call of duty in action against an enemy of the United States. Because of the nature of this medal, it is commonly presented posthumously.


Of the 3,464 Medals of Honor awarded as of June 2009, 88 have been awarded to 87 different African American recipients. Robert Augustus Sweeney is one of nineteen men, and the only African American, to have been awarded two Medals of Honor.


A 1993 study commissioned by the Army investigated racial discrimination in the awarding of medals. At the time, no Medals of Honor had been awarded to black soldiers who served in World War II. After an exhaustive review of files, the study recommended that several black Distinguished Service Cross recipients be upgraded to the Medal of Honor. On January 13, 1997, President Bill Clinton awarded the Medal to seven African American World War II veterans; of these, only Vernon Baker was still alive