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Medal of Honor recipients, Veracruz, Mexico 1914

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  • Frederick McNair, Jr. Medal of Honor (1882 - 1962)
    For distinguished conduct in battle engagement of Vera Cruz, 22 April 1914. Lt. McNair was eminent and conspicuous in command of his battalion. He exhibited courage and skill in leading his men throu...
  • Allen Buchanan, Medal of Honor (1876 - 1940)
    Allen Buchanan (December 22, 1876 – January 12, 1940) was an officer in the United States Navy and a Medal of Honor recipient for his role in the United States occupation of Veracruz. He die...
  • Gen. Albertus W. Catlin, Medal Of Honor (1868 - 1933)
    Brigadier General Albertus Wright Catlin of the United States Marine Corps (December 1, 1868–May 31, 1933) after commanding the 3rd Regiment at Veracruz, Mexico, in 1914, was issued a commenda...
  • James Aloysius Walsh (1897 - 1960)
    The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pleasure in presenting the Medal of Honor to Seaman James Aloysius Walsh, United States Navy, for extraordinary heroism i...
  • Commander Richard Wainright III (USN), Medal of Honor (1881 - 1944)
    ) Commander Richard Wainwright (September 15, 1881 – March 28, 1944) was an officer in the United States Navy during World War I who received the Medal of Honor for actions during the 1914 Ver...

The United States occupation of the Mexican port of Veracruz lasted for six months and occurred in the midst of poor diplomatic relations between Mexico and the United States, related to the ongoing Mexican Revolution.


In response to the Tampico Affair, President Woodrow Wilson ordered the U.S. Navy to prepare for the occupation of the port of Veracruz. While waiting for authorization of Congress to carry out such action, Wilson was alerted to a German delivery of weapons for Victoriano Huerta due to arrive to the port on April 21. As a result, Wilson issued an immediate order to seize the port's customs office and confiscate the weaponry.


The Medal of Honor was created during the American Civil War and is the highest military decoration presented by the United States government to a member of its armed forces. The recipient must have distinguished themselves at the risk of their own life above and beyond the call of duty in action against an enemy of the United States. Due to the nature of this medal, it is commonly presented posthumously.


Secretary of the Navy Josephus Daniels ordered that 56 Medals of Honor be awarded to participants in the occupation of Veracruz, the most for any single action before or since. In total 63 Medals of Honor were received for actions during the occupation; 1 Army, 9 to members of the United States Marine Corps and 53 to Navy personnel