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Medal of Honor recipients, Veracruz, Mexico 1914

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  • Major Gen. Smedley D. Butler, Medal of Honor (1881 - 1940)
    Smedley Darlington Butler (July 30, 1881 – June 21, 1940), nicknamed "The Fighting Quaker" and "Old Gimlet Eye", was a Major General in the U.S. Marine Corps, and at the time of his death the most de...
  • Admiral Frank Jack Fletcher (1885 - 1973)
    Frank Jack Fletcher (April 29, 1885 – April 25, 1973) was an admiral in the United States Navy during World War II. Fletcher was the operational commander at the pivotal Battles of Coral Sea and of...
  • Admiral Frank F. Fletcher (1855 - 1928)
    Frank Friday Fletcher (November 23, 1855 – November 28, 1928) was an United States Navy admiral who served in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He was awarded the U.S. military's highest decora...
  • Julius C. Townsend, Medal of Honor (1881 - 1939)
    Julius Curtis Townsend (February 22, 1881 – December 28, 1939) was born in Missouri. He graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1902. He received the Medal of Honor for actions at the Uni...
  • Charles Francis Bishop (1888 - 1954)
    The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pleasure in presenting the Medal of Honor to Quartermaster Second Class Charles Francis Bishop, United States Navy, for ext...

The United States occupation of the Mexican port of Veracruz lasted for six months and occurred in the midst of poor diplomatic relations between Mexico and the United States, related to the ongoing Mexican Revolution.


In response to the Tampico Affair, President Woodrow Wilson ordered the U.S. Navy to prepare for the occupation of the port of Veracruz. While waiting for authorization of Congress to carry out such action, Wilson was alerted to a German delivery of weapons for Victoriano Huerta due to arrive to the port on April 21. As a result, Wilson issued an immediate order to seize the port's customs office and confiscate the weaponry.


The Medal of Honor was created during the American Civil War and is the highest military decoration presented by the United States government to a member of its armed forces. The recipient must have distinguished themselves at the risk of their own life above and beyond the call of duty in action against an enemy of the United States. Due to the nature of this medal, it is commonly presented posthumously.


Secretary of the Navy Josephus Daniels ordered that 56 Medals of Honor be awarded to participants in the occupation of Veracruz, the most for any single action before or since. In total 63 Medals of Honor were received for actions during the occupation; 1 Army, 9 to members of the United States Marine Corps and 53 to Navy personnel