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Medal of Honor recipients for the Boxer Rebellion

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  • France Silva, PVT (1876 - 1951)
    Private France Silva (May 8, 1876–April 10, 1951) born in Hayward, California, was the first Marine of Mexican-American and Hispanic heritage to receive the Medal of Honor. He received the Medal of Hon...
  • Albert Ralph Campbell (1875 - 1925)
    Served as a Private in the United States Marine Corps as part of the Chinese Relief Expedition during the Boxer Rebellion. He was awarded the MOH for his bravery at Tientsin, China, on June 21, 190...
  • Axel Westermark (1875 - 1911)
    Axel Westermark (1875-1911) Birth: Apr. 8, 1875, Finland - Death: May 7, 1911 California, USA Boxer Rebellion Medal of Honor Recipient. Born in Bergo, Finland, he served in the United States Navy d...
  • Reuben Jasper Phillips (1874 - 1936)
    The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pleasure in presenting the Medal of Honor to Corporal Reuben Jasper Phillips , United States Marine Corps, for extraord...
  • Albert Moore (1862 - 1916)
    The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pleasure in presenting the Medal of Honor to Private Albert Moore , United States Marine Corps, for extraordinary her...

The Boxer Movement, or Boxer Rebellion, was a Chinese uprising from November 1899 to September 7, 1901, against foreign influence in areas such as trade, politics, religion and technology that occurred in China during the final years of the Manchu rule (Qing Dynasty).

The members of the Chinese Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists were simply called boxers by the Westerners due to the martial arts and calisthenics they practiced. It began as an anti-foreign, anti-imperialist, peasant-based movement that attacked foreigners who were building railroads and violating Feng shui. Christians who they felt were responsible for foreign domination of China were also targeted. In June 1900, the Boxers invaded Beijing and killed 230 non-Chinese. Before it ended, tens of thousands of Chinese Christians, Catholic and Protestants were killed, mostly in the Shandong and Shanxi provinces.

The government of Empress Dowager Cixi gave her support to the boxers causing foreign diplomats, civilians, soldiers and even some Chinese Christians to retreat to the legation quarter. They held out against the boxers for 55 days until a multinational coalition rushed 20,000 troops to their rescue. The Chinese government was forced to indemnify the victims and make many additional concessions. Subsequent reforms implemented after the crisis of 1900 laid the foundation for the end of the Qing Dynasty and the establishment of the modern Chinese Republic.

The Medal of Honor was created during the American Civil War and is the highest military decoration presented by the United States government to a member of its armed forces. The recipients must have distinguished themselves at the risk of their own life above and beyond the call of duty in action against an enemy of the United States. Due to the nature of this medal, it is commonly presented posthumously.

During the Boxer rebellion, 59 American servicemen received the Medal of Honor for their actions. Four of these were for Army personnel, twenty-two went to navy sailors and the remaining thirty-three went to marines. Harry Fisher was the first Marine to receive the medal posthumously and the only posthumous recipient for this conflict