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Metaphysics - Bavarian Illuminati

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  • Franz Xaver Ritter v. Zwack-Holzhausen (1756 - 1843)
    Xaver of Zwackh (also Zwack ) on Holzhausen (born October 31, 1756 in Regensburg , † November 7, 1843 in Mannheim ) was Royal Bavarian State Councilor and first President of the Bavarian Rhine Circle i...
  • Jakob Anton "Marius" Hertel (1747 - 1828)
    He was an associate of Adam Weishaupt , and a member Order of Illuminati, a secret society with origins in Bavaria. His code name was Marius .
  • Adam Weishaupt (1748 - 1830)
    Illuminati founder: Adam Weishaupt. The founder of the Illuminati was Johann Adam Weishaupt, he was born on 6 February 1748. Weishaupt was a Jesiuit Priest, Freemason and professor of Canon Law at the ...

The Illuminati (plural of Latin illuminatus, "enlightened") is a name given to several groups, both real and fictitious. Historically, the name refers to the Bavarian Illuminati, an Enlightenment-era secret society founded on May 1, 1776 to oppose superstition, prejudice, religious influence over public life, abuses of state power, and to support women's education and gender equality. The Illuminati—along with other secret societies—were outlawed by the Bavarian ruler, Charles Theodore, with the encouragement of the Roman Catholic Church, and permanently disbanded in 1785.[1] In the several years following, the group was vilified by conservative and religious critics who claimed they had regrouped and were responsible for the French Revolution.

In subsequent use, "Illuminati" refers to various organizations claiming or purported to have unsubstantiated links to the original Bavarian Illuminati or similar secret societies, and often alleged to conspire to control world affairs by masterminding events and planting agents in government and corporations to establish a New World Order and gain further political power and influence. Central to some of the most widely known and elaborate conspiracy theories, the Illuminati have been depicted as lurking in the shadows and pulling the strings and levers of power in dozens of novels, movies, television shows, comics, video games and music videos.