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Mexican–American War

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Profiles

  • Capt. John M. Cunningham (1812 - 1873)
    The name of Cunningham comes from the union of two Saxon words, “Koenig,” meaning King, and “Hanie,” meaning home, or literally, Kings Home. The name can be traced back to early British history and his...
  • Sgt. Alexander Hamilton Abney (1822 - 1882)
    Alexander Hamilton ABNEY was born on 24 March 1822 in Richmond, Virginia, son of Thomas Hamilton ABNEY and Mary Ann Holmes. Alexander Hamilton ABNEY appeared on a census, enumerated 1 June 1830, in t...
  • Joseph Lafayette Stephens (1826 - 1881)
    Born in Cooper County Missouri, January 5,1826. 1844 was in Law School when the Mexican War broke out. He served as Captain. Completed school in 1847 and began his Legal Practice. He was a member o...
  • Capt. (CSA), Benjamin Franklin Toomer (1830 - 1864)
    Elected sheriff of Itawamba Co., MSB. F. Toomer Sheriff October 15, 1861enlisted in Mexican WarCaptain CrowsonCompany FB Battalion MS Rifles enlisted with Confederate States of AmericaCompany F, Cummin...
  • Leonidas Jenkins (1819 - 1847)
    Leonidas Jenkins was born about 1819 Sacketts Harbor, NY and died from yellow fever on Oct. 18, 1847 in Vera Cruz, Mexico. He was a graduate of West Point, and an officer of the First Dragoons, U. S. A...

The Mexican–American War, also known as the First American Intervention, the Mexican War, or the U.S.–Mexican War, was an armed conflict between the United States and Mexico from 1846 to 1848 in the wake of the 1845 U.S. annexation of Texas, which Mexico considered part of its territory despite the 1836 Texas Revolution.

Combat operations lasted a year and a half, from spring 1846 to fall 1847. American forces quickly occupied New Mexico and California, then invaded parts of Northeastern Mexico and Northwest Mexico; meanwhile, the Pacific Squadron conducted a blockade, and took control of several garrisons on the Pacific coast further south in Baja California. After Mexico would still not agree to the cession of its northern territories, another American army captured Mexico City, and the war ended in victory of the U.S.

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo specified the major consequence of the war: the forced Mexican Cession of the territories of Alta California and New Mexico to the U.S. in exchange for $18 million. In addition, the United States forgave debt owed by the Mexican government to U.S. citizens. Mexico accepted the Rio Grande as its national border, and the loss of Texas.

American territorial expansion to the Pacific coast had been the goal of President James K. Polk, the leader of the Democratic Party. However, the war was highly controversial in the U.S., with the Whig Party and anti-slavery elements strongly opposed. Heavy American casualties and high monetary cost were also criticized. The political aftermath of the war raised the slavery issue in the U.S., leading to intense debates that pointed to civil war; the Compromise of 1850 provided a brief respite.

In Mexico, terminology for the war include (primera) intervención estadounidense en México (United States' (First) Intervention in Mexico), invasión estadounidense a México (The United States' Invasion of Mexico), and guerra del 47 (The War of 1847).

Notable peoples of the Mexican–American War

See: Mexican–American War Project Profiles.

External links