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Mexican–American War

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  • Major Jim Savage (1817 - 1852)
    Find a Grave Memorial: Birth: 1817 Indianapolis Marion County Indiana, USA Death: Aug. 16, 1852 Tulare County California, USA Indian Fighter, and Explorer of Yosemite Valley Son of Peter Swinburn...
  • Pvt. John A. Kimzey (1814 - 1847)
    John Kimzey served in the US Army during the Mexican-American War in Armstrong's Company, 2nd Illinois Foot Volunteers (Bissell's) with the rank of Private. He was killed in Battle of Buena Vista, Feb ...
  • Lieut. Davidson C. Moore (c.1825 - 1884)
    Davidson C. Moore served in the Mexican-American War. He enlisted with the rank of Private in Starbuck's Company, 2nd Illinois Foot Volunteers (Bissell's) with the rank of Private. He mustered out as a...
  • Corp. Randolph C. Goddard (1827 - 1896)
    Mexican American War in Company E, 1st Illinois Infantry Regiment. Started as Private and mustered out as Corporal.
  • Capt. George W. Goddard (1825 - 1882)
    GEO. W. GODDARD.--Capt. Geo. W. GODDARD, an old citizen of this place, fell senseless in front of his officer on the east side of the square, on last Thursday afternoon. Friends conveyed him home, wher...

The Mexican–American War, also known as the First American Intervention, the Mexican War, or the U.S.–Mexican War, was an armed conflict between the United States and Mexico from 1846 to 1848 in the wake of the 1845 U.S. annexation of Texas, which Mexico considered part of its territory despite the 1836 Texas Revolution.

Combat operations lasted a year and a half, from spring 1846 to fall 1847. American forces quickly occupied New Mexico and California, then invaded parts of Northeastern Mexico and Northwest Mexico; meanwhile, the Pacific Squadron conducted a blockade, and took control of several garrisons on the Pacific coast further south in Baja California. After Mexico would still not agree to the cession of its northern territories, another American army captured Mexico City, and the war ended in victory of the U.S.

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo specified the major consequence of the war: the forced Mexican Cession of the territories of Alta California and New Mexico to the U.S. in exchange for $18 million. In addition, the United States forgave debt owed by the Mexican government to U.S. citizens. Mexico accepted the Rio Grande as its national border, and the loss of Texas.

American territorial expansion to the Pacific coast had been the goal of President James K. Polk, the leader of the Democratic Party. However, the war was highly controversial in the U.S., with the Whig Party and anti-slavery elements strongly opposed. Heavy American casualties and high monetary cost were also criticized. The political aftermath of the war raised the slavery issue in the U.S., leading to intense debates that pointed to civil war; the Compromise of 1850 provided a brief respite.

In Mexico, terminology for the war include (primera) intervención estadounidense en México (United States' (First) Intervention in Mexico), invasión estadounidense a México (The United States' Invasion of Mexico), and guerra del 47 (The War of 1847).

Notable peoples of the Mexican–American War

See: Mexican–American War Project Profiles.

External links