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  • Alexander H. Long (1816 - 1886)
    Long (December 24, 1816 – November 28, 1886) was a Democratic United States Congressman who served in Congress from March 4, 1863 to March 3, 1865.[1] During the Civil War, Long was a prominent "Copper...
  • Edward Atkinson (1827 - 1905)
    Atkinson, Edward, 1827-1905, industrial entrepreneur, economist, abolitionist, activist. Opposed slavery as a supporter of the Free Soil Party. He was a member of the Boston Vigilance Committee, which ...
  • James Mitchell Ashley, US Congress (1824 - 1896)
    Mitchell Ashley (November 14, 1824 – September 16, 1896) was a U.S. congressman, territorial governor and railroad president.Early lifeAshley was born in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, to John and Mar...
  • Gov. John Albion Andrew (1818 - 1867)
    Find A Grave record Biographical sketch in: Heroes and Martyrs: Notable Men of the Time. Military and Naval Heroes, Statesmen and Orators, Distinguished in the American Crisis of 1861-1862. Edited by F...
  • John Bassett Alley (1817 - 1896)
    John Bassett Alley (January 7, 1817 – January 19, 1896) was a businessman and politician who served as a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts.from: , John B., 1817-1896, Lynn, Massachusetts, Member o...

The Free Soil Party was founded August 9-10, 1848, in Buffalo, New York. It included members of the “Conscience Whigs” Party, Democrats and members of the Liberty Party. The motto was, “Free Soil, Free Speech, Free Labor and Free Men.” It was a third party, whose main purpose was opposing the expansion of slavery into the Western territories acquired after the war with Mexico.

The party argued that free men on free soil was a morally and economically superior system to slavery. The party agreed with the Wilmot Proviso, and tried to remove existing laws that discriminated against freed African Americans. Members felt it would be impossible for the government to end slavery where it already existed, but wanted to prevent slavery from extending into new territories.

The party was active from 1848 to 1852. The party’s support came largely from the areas of upstate New York. The 1854 Kansas–Nebraska Act repealed the long-standing Missouri Compromise and outraged many Northerners, contributing to the collapse of the Whigs and spurring the creation of a new, broad-based anti-slavery party known as the Republican Party. Most Free Soilers joined the Republican Party.

The Free Soil Party sent two senators and fourteen members of the U.S. House of Representatives to the Thirty-First congress in 1849.