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Prussian settlement in South Australia

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  • Eve Austin (born Arnstein) (1847 - 1864)
    On the 8th instant, at the residence of her stepfather , Mr. M. Mayers, 165, George-street North, Eva Austin, third daughter of the late A. Austin, after five days illness, in the 16th year of her age....
  • Doris Sohn (Austin) (born Arnstein) (1845 - 1907)
    Notice: This Dora is NOT the spouse of F D Littlewood " In fact: The birth date of Dora spouse Littlewood 15 04 1863 doesn't match with Dora spouse Sohn 25 01 1845 She had a child, Louis born S...
  • David Austin (born Arnstein) (1841 - 1902)
    Emigrate to Australia with his father, mother, sister and brother in 1850 on board of the three masted barque "San Francisco", see: and German settlement in Australia (wikipedia) 1876 Pawnbro...
  • Sarah Arnstein Mayers (c.1814 - 1869)
    Emmigration Nov 15 1850 ‎Sydney, Nsw, AUSTRALIAOn board of the three masted barque "San Francisco", see: German settlement in Australia (wikipedia)
  • Fanny Maggie Dézarnaulds (1839 - 1911)
    Emigrate to Australia with his father, mother, sister and brother in 1850 on board of the three masted barque "San Francisco", see: German settlement in Australia (wikipedia)

Prussian (German, Polish, Slav, Russian, Wendish) settlement in South Australia

Prussians began to settle in Australia in large numbers in 1838, with the arrival of immigrants from Prussia to Adelaide, South Australia. Prussian immigrants were prominent in settling South Australia and Queensland. Between 1850 until World War I, German settlers and their descendants comprised the largest non-British or Irish group of Europeans in Australia.

For a complete list of voyages from Prussia to South Australia with links to passenger lists and related pioneer projects please see Bound for South Australia

Old Lutheran schism

By 1835 many dissenting Old Lutheran groups (see project for names list here) were looking to emigration as a means to finding religious freedom. Some groups emigrated to Australia and the United States in the years leading up to 1840. The latter emigration led to the formation of the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod, today the second largest Lutheran denomination in the U.S.; and the Evangelical Synod of the West, a predecessor body of The United Church of Christ. The former emigration led to the eventual creation of the Lutheran Church of Australia (which was formed in 1966).

With the death of Frederick William III in 1840, King Frederick William IV ascended to the throne. He released the pastors who had been imprisoned, and allowed the dissenting groups to form religious organisations in freedom. In 1841 the Old Lutherans, who had stayed in Prussia, convened in a general synod in Breslau and founded the Evangelical-Lutheran Church in Prussia, which merged in 1972 with Old Lutheran church bodies in other German states to become today's Independent Evangelical-Lutheran Church (German: Selbständige Evangelisch-Lutherische Kirche, or SELK). On 23 July 1845 the royal government recognised the Evangelical-Lutheran Church in Prussia and its congregations as legal entities. In the same year the Evangelical Church in the Royal Prussian Lands reinforced its self-conception as the Prussian State's church and renamed into Evangelical State Church of Prussia (German: Evangelische Landeskirche Preußens).
To break this project in to States and minor Ethnic Groups could hinder its effectiveness, after tracing families, it has been noticed that:

  • Brothers would sometimes go to different States (and Countries).
  • Because of drought in South Australia, some moved on to Victoria.
  • Marriages were mostly within the known language and heritage, but, not always, some married English and Irish. These families should be included in the project.

What Profiles To Add?

Profiles where the family originated from Prussia and Germany, including "via" other countries and settled in Australia. Please include their immediate offspring, as a complete family, but only those children who travelled. Couples should both be included, as they have different ancestors.

Please use timeline events to record Immigration details


Geni Projects - Australia

Geni Projects South Australia

Helpful Links:

Shipping Lists:


Biography and Obituary Sites:

Wiki Links:


German Resources

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This project is included in The History Link Project - Trace your ancesters! you can add projects here


  • Photo of Eden Valley kindly supplied by the South Australian Library. The store was owned by Paul and Sharyn Carroll in 1981-84