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Hypatia of Alexandria MP (c.360 - 415)

Hypatia Bio Hypatia ( /haɪˈpeɪʃə/; Greek: Ὑπατία, Hypatía; born between 350 CE and 370 CE; died March 415) was a Greek scholar from Alexandria, Egypt, considered the first notable woman in mathemat...

2/21/2011 2/2/2014

[tp:// Kalonymus ben Kalonymus] Wikipedia Kalonymus ben Kalonymus ben Meir (Arles, 1286 – died after 1328) was a Provençal Jewish philosopher and transl...

7/15/2012 2/1/2014

יוחנן הורקנוס הראשון John Hyrcanus (Yohanan Girhan; Yohanan Hyrcanus - יוחנן הורקנוס, Ιωάννης Υρκανός) (reigned 134 - 104 BCE, died 104 BCE) was a Hasmonean (Maccabeean) leader of the 2nd century BCE. ...

12/11/2007 2/1/2014

Ptolemy I Soter, Pharaoh of Egypt MP (c.-367 - c.-284)

"Son of Ra. Sôter", "Πτολεμαίος Α' Σωτήρ της Αιγύπτου", "Christus", "the Christ", "Son of God", "Serapis"

Ptolemy I Soter, was (perhaps) a half brother of Alexander the Great, King of Macedonia and served under him as a Macedonian General. He later acquired the title of King of Egypt (born circa 367 BC, ...

9/10/2007 2/1/2014

Hippocrates MP (c.-460 - c.-370)

"Father of Modern Medicine"

Hippocrates of Cos or Hippokrates of Kos (ca. 460 BC – ca. 370 BC) - Greek: Ἱπποκράτης; Hippokrátēs was an ancient Greek physician of the Age of Pericles (Classical Athens), and is considered one of th...

2/6/2011 2/1/2014

Socrates MP (c.-470 - -399)

Socrates - Σωκράτης Socrates (Greek: Σωκράτης, Ancient Greek pronunciation: [soˈkraːtɛːs], Sōkrátēs; c. 469 BC–399 BC, in English pronounced /ˈsɒkrətiːz/) was a Classical Greek Athenian philosopher. ...

1/24/2011 2/1/2014

אלכסנדר ינאי Alexander Jannaeus (also known as Alexander Jannai/Yannai; Hebrew: אלכסנדר ינאי) was king of Judea from 103 BC to 76 BC. The son of John Hyrcanus, he inherited the throne from his brother ...

12/11/2007 2/1/2014

Hillel Hazaken - 'The Elder' grandfather of Gamaliel I MP (c.-110 - c.10)

"Hillel the Elder", "Hillel the Great", "Hillel Hazaken Hanasi", "Hillel"

Hillel the Elder הלל הזקן (author of "The Golden Rule") Hillel (הלל) (born Babylon traditionally c.110BCE-10CE in Jerusalem) was a famous Jewish religious leader, one of the most important figures in J...

6/27/2007 2/1/2014

Avraham bar Hiyya HaNasi al-Bargeloni MP (c.1065 - c.1136)

"Savasorda", "Abraham Judaeus"

Abraham Bar Hiyya -the man and his work between two worlds Abraham bar Ḥiyya ha-Nasi (1070 Barcelona, Spain – 1136 or 1145 Narbonne, France) was a Jewish mathematician, astronomer and philosopher, ...

12/1/2011 2/1/2014

Abraham Ben Meir Ibn Ezra al Tudela MP (c.1090 - 1125)

"Abū Isḥāq Ibrahim Ibn al-Rabῑb", "Abu Ishak Ibrahim ibn al-Majid ibn Ezra"

Also mentioned in Abarbanel Family Scroll – undated handwritten manuscript from the collection of the late Rabbi Shmuel Gorr, held by Chaim Freedman. Reference was made to “Elef Margaliot” 1993, Meir...

7/8/2012 2/1/2014

Johannes Reuchlin, Prof. MP (1455 - 1522)

Johann Reuchlin (sometimes Johannes) (29 January 1455 – 30 June 1522) was a German humanist and a scholar of Greek and Hebrew. For much of his life, he was the real centre of all Greek and Hebrew teach...

5/19/2010 1/31/2014

Josephus (Titus Flavius) - MP (37 - c.100)

"Iosepos (Ιώσηπος)", "son of Matthias"

Titus Flavius Josephus (37 – c.100), also Yosef Ben Matityahu (Joseph son of Matthias) and Titus Flavius Josephus was a first-century Romano-Jewish historian and hagiographer of priestly and royal ance...

11/11/2010 1/31/2014

Philo of Alexandria MP (c.-20 - c.50)

Philon (20 BCE – 50 ACE), known also as Philo of Alexandria (gr. Φίλων ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς), Philon Judaeus , Philo Judaeus of Alexandria , Yedidia , " Philon ", and Philo the Jew , was a Hellenistic Jewish ...

4/24/2011 1/31/2014

Euclid MP (-322 - -275)

"Euclid of Alexandria", "Father of Geometry"

Euclid, Εὐκλείδης Eukleidēs Euclid (pronounced /ˈjuːklɪd/ EWK-lid; Ancient Greek: Εὐκλείδης Eukleidēs), fl. 300 BC, also known as Euclid of Alexandria, was a Greek mathematician, often referred to as...

1/13/2011 1/31/2014

Jacob ben Makhir Ibn Tabin (also known as Prophatius; 1236–1312), grandson of Samuel, was a distinguished Jewish physician who worked in the medical faculty of the University of Montpellier. Jacob tran...

9/9/2013 1/31/2014

Moshe ben Shmuel Ibn Tibbon MP (c.1198 - c.1274)

Moses ben Samuel Ibn Tibbon continued the work of translation during the years 1244–1274. He lived in Montpellier and spent some time at Naples. Moses translated numerous commentaries by Averroes and m...

9/9/2013 1/31/2014

Samuel Ibn Tibbon MP (c.1150 - d.)

Samuel ben Judah ibn Tibbon was the son of Judah ben Saul ibn Tibbon, “the father of translators,” who emigrated to Provence from Granada. Samuel was born in Lunel around 1160 and was educated in accor...

4/4/2013 1/31/2014

Aristotle MP (-384 - -322)

Aristotle, Ἀριστοτέλης, Aristotélēs. Greek Philosopher. Aristotle (Greek: Ἀριστοτέλης, Aristotélēs) (384 BCE – 322 BCE) was a Greek philosopher, a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great....

11/26/2010 1/31/2014

Rabbi Moshe ben Maimon, Maimonides - הרמב״ם MP (c.1138 - 1204)

"The Great Eagle", "Rambam", "Moshe ben Maimon", "Abū ʿImrān Mūsā bin ʿUbaidallāh Maimūn al-Qurṭubī"

From Moshe (of the Torah) to Moshe (Maimonides) there was none like Moshe R' Moshe ben Maimon , Moses Maimonides the Rambam , [ca. 1138 (or 1135?) - 1204] was the preeminent medieval Jewish philosoph...

1/7/2010 1/31/2014

Yohanan Ben Zakkai MP (c.30 - c.90)

רבן יוחנן בן זכאי --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yohanan ben Zakai - יוחנן בן זכאי ‎, (c. 30 - 90 CE), also known as Johanan B. Zakkai, or in short ריב״ז (R...

11/9/2012 1/31/2014

Plato MP (c.-428 - c.-348)

Plato (English pronunciation: /ˈpleɪtoʊ/; Greek: Πλάτων, Plátōn, "broad"; 428/427 BCE – 348/347 BCE), was a Classical Greek philosopher, mathematician, writer of philosophical dialogues, and founder of...

11/26/2010 1/31/2014

Pythagoras of Samos MP (-570 - -495)

Pythagoras of Samos (Ancient Greek: Ὁ Πυθαγόρας ὁ Σάμιος Ho Pythagóras ho Sámios "Pythagoras the Samian", or simply Ὁ Πυθαγόρας; c. 570–c. 495 BCE) was an Ionian Greek philosopher, mathematician, and f...

3/26/2011 1/31/2014