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  • Harry B. Hawes, U.S. Senator (1869 - 1947)
    Bartow Hawes (November 15, 1869 – July 31, 1947) was an American politician who served as a Democratic member of the U.S. House and the U.S. Senate from Missouri.Born in Covington, Kentucky, Hawes move...
  • Henry Ernest Cooper (1857 - 1929)
    Ernest Cooper (1857–1929) was an American lawyer who moved to the Kingdom of Hawaii and became prominent in Hawaiian politics in the 1890s. He was the first Territory of Hawaii Attorney General, 1899–1...
  • Jared Knapp Smith (1849 - 1897)
    Jared Knapp Smith (1849–1897) became a physician and carried on his father's medical practice. He was shot dead on September 24, 1897. It was suspected to be in retaliation for ordering patients suspec...
  • William Owen Smith, Attorney General of the Republic of Hawaii (1848 - 1929)
    Owen Smith (1848–1929) was a lawyer from a family of American missionaries who participated in the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii. He served as attorney general for the entire duration of the provi...
  • Hon. Peter Cushman Jones (1837 - 1922)
    Cushman Jones (1837–1922) was a businessman and politician during the Kingdom of Hawaii, Provisional Government of Hawaii, Republic of Hawaii and Territory of Hawaii. He founded the second bank in the ...

Republic of Hawaii

The Republic of Hawaiʻi was the formal name of the government that controlled Hawaiʻi from 1894 to 1898 when it was governed as a republic. The republic period occurred between the administration of the Provisional Government of Hawaii which ended on July 4, 1894, and the adoption of the Newlands Resolution in the United States Congress in which the Republic was annexed to the United States as a territory. (The Newlands Resolution was passed in the US Congress on July 7, 1898, and was acknowledged in Hawaii on August 12, 1898. However, the Territory of Hawaii would not be formally established until June 14, 1900.)

The Hawaiian Kingdom was overthrown in 1893 as a result of the intervention of foreign business interests and the U.S. military. The Republic of Hawaii was led by men of European ancestry, like Sanford B. Dole and Lorrin A. Thurston, who were native-born subjects of the Hawaiian kingdom and speakers of the Hawaiian language, but had strong financial, political, and family ties to the United States. Dole was a former member of the Kingdom legislature from Koloa, Kauai, and Justice of the Kingdom's Supreme Court, and he appointed Thurston—who had served as Minister of Interior under King Kalākaua—to lead a lobbying effort in Washington, DC to secure Hawaii's annexation by the United States.