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State of Franklin (1784 - 1788)

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  • Jane "Jean" Henry (1752 - 1812)
    “Jean” McNabb Henry BIRTH 25 Jul 1752 Virginia, USA DEATH 1812 (aged 59–60) Blount County, Tennessee, USA BURIAL Headrick-Henry Cemetery Blount County, Tennessee, USA MEMORIAL ID 65638161 · View Sourc...
  • John Carter Byrd (1750 - bef.1830)
    Reference number 5112 on page 2 A 010327, Patriotic service, NCJohn Carter Byrd, b: 27 Jan 1750 (1751 using the 1752 British Colonies adopted Gregorian calendar) was the 2nd child of William Evelyn Byr...
  • Jacob Wheeler Bird, Sr. (1780 - 1855)
    Jacob & Amelia (Dunn) Bird were married February 8, 1800 in Greene Co., TN.Find A Grave Memorial # 54096508. === GEDCOM Source ===@R-1096698041@ 1850 United States Federal Census Ancestry....
  • Thomas Gist (1764 - 1837)
    A Patriot of the American Revolution for NORTH CAROLINA with the rank of Private. DAR Ancestor # A045447 Born in Washington, Virginia, USA on 10 Oct 1764 to Capt. Benjamin Gist and Mary Jarrett. Thom...
  • Thomas Phineas Gist (1784 - 1833)

The State of Franklin (also the Free Republic of Franklin or the State of Frankland was an unrecognized, autonomous "territory" located in what is today eastern Tennessee. Franklin was created in 1784 from part of the territory west of the Appalachian Mountains that had been offered by North Carolina as a cession to Congress to help pay off debts related to the American War for Independence. It was founded with the intent of becoming the fourteenth state of the new United States.

Franklin's first capital was Jonesborough. After the summer of 1785, the government of Franklin (which was by then based in Greeneville), ruled as a "parallel government" running alongside (but not harmoniously with) a re-established North Carolina bureaucracy. Franklin was never admitted into the union. The extra-legal state existed for only about four and a half years, ostensibly as a republic, after which North Carolina re-assumed full control of the area.

The creation of Franklin is novel, in that it resulted from both a cession (an offering from North Carolina to Congress) and a secession (seceding from North Carolina, when its offer to Congress was not acted upon, and the original cession was rescinded).