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State of Franklin (1784 - 1788)

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  • John Ritchie Inman (1788 - 1837)
    Fifth of eleven children born to Abednego Inman and Mary Ritchie. Married Jane Patterson Walker July 22, 1807 in Jefferson Co. TN. On Dec. 24, 1811 their home burned to the ground. At that time they ha...
  • Nicholas Fain, ll (1782 - 1849)
    , 23rd and 24th General Assemblies, 1839-43; representing Hawkins and Sullivan counties; Republican. Born on February 4, 1782; place not known, but probably in Washington County, North Carolina (now Te...
  • John McMachen (c.1723 - 1789)
    DAR# A078089 From Genealogy of Margaret Meyer Simpson, Person Page - 56McMachen [1],[2]*M, *b. circa 1723, *d. 1789John was born circa 1723 at Ireland.[3] He was the son of Col William McMachen and Eli...
  • Pvt. Nicholas Thomas Fain (1730 - 1789)
    During the horrible inquisition and persecution in France about 1685, a family by the name of Fainyance (reported to have been Huguenots) fled for safety to Ireland. Somewhere along the line, the name ...
  • George Turnley (1762 - 1848)
    DAR Ancestor #: A117362 George Turnley was a well-grown lad of fourteen when the War of the Revolution began. He joined the Continental troops, and was employed in conducting trains of pack-horses,...

The State of Franklin (also the Free Republic of Franklin or the State of Frankland was an unrecognized, autonomous "territory" located in what is today eastern Tennessee. Franklin was created in 1784 from part of the territory west of the Appalachian Mountains that had been offered by North Carolina as a cession to Congress to help pay off debts related to the American War for Independence. It was founded with the intent of becoming the fourteenth state of the new United States.

Franklin's first capital was Jonesborough. After the summer of 1785, the government of Franklin (which was by then based in Greeneville), ruled as a "parallel government" running alongside (but not harmoniously with) a re-established North Carolina bureaucracy. Franklin was never admitted into the union. The extra-legal state existed for only about four and a half years, ostensibly as a republic, after which North Carolina re-assumed full control of the area.

The creation of Franklin is novel, in that it resulted from both a cession (an offering from North Carolina to Congress) and a secession (seceding from North Carolina, when its offer to Congress was not acted upon, and the original cession was rescinded).