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State of Franklin (1784 - 1788)

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  • Rev. Samuel Witherspoon Doak (1785 - 1864)
    Rev Samuel Witherspoon Doak BIRTH 24 Mar 1785 DEATH 3 Feb 1864 (aged 78) BURIAL Mount Bethel Cemetery Greeneville, Greene County, Tennessee, USA MEMORIAL ID 28694969 Mother: Esther Houston Montgom...
  • Gen. Landon C. Carter (1760 - 1800)
    A Patriot of the American Revolution for NORTH CAROLINA  with the rank of CAPTAIN. DAR Ancestor # A020011 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------...
  • John Campbell Anderson (1750 - 1817)
    A Patriot of the American Revolution for VIRGINIA with the rank of Captain. DAR Ancestor # A002452 Residence : United States Residence : VA, United States Reference: MyHeritage Family Trees - ...
  • Rev. Samuel Doak, II, D.D. (1749 - 1830)
    Minister and pioneer Samuel Doak founded the earliest schools and many of the Presbyterian churches of East Tennessee. The son of Irish immigrants, Doak was born August 1, 1749, in Augusta County, Vi...
  • Rhoda Winton (1785 - 1846)
    Birth: Mar. 26, 1785 Sevier County Tennessee, USA Death: Sep. 13, 1846 Meigs County Tennessee, USA Daughter of Archibald McMahan (1730-1826) and Ann McNulty (1750-1820). Married Stephen C. Winton (...

The State of Franklin (also the Free Republic of Franklin or the State of Frankland was an unrecognized, autonomous "territory" located in what is today eastern Tennessee. Franklin was created in 1784 from part of the territory west of the Appalachian Mountains that had been offered by North Carolina as a cession to Congress to help pay off debts related to the American War for Independence. It was founded with the intent of becoming the fourteenth state of the new United States.

Franklin's first capital was Jonesborough. After the summer of 1785, the government of Franklin (which was by then based in Greeneville), ruled as a "parallel government" running alongside (but not harmoniously with) a re-established North Carolina bureaucracy. Franklin was never admitted into the union. The extra-legal state existed for only about four and a half years, ostensibly as a republic, after which North Carolina re-assumed full control of the area.

The creation of Franklin is novel, in that it resulted from both a cession (an offering from North Carolina to Congress) and a secession (seceding from North Carolina, when its offer to Congress was not acted upon, and the original cession was rescinded).