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Surgeon General of the United States Army

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Profiles

  • Brig. General George Miller Sternberg (1838 - 1915)
    Born at Hartwick Seminary, Otsego County, New York, on June 8, 1838, he received a medical degree from the Maryland College of Physicians in 1860. He was appointed Assistant Surgeon, United States Ar...
  • MG William Crawford Gorgas (1854 - 1920)
    William Crawford Gorgas KCMG (October 3, 1854 – July 3, 1920) was a United States physician and 22nd Surgeon General of the U.S. Army (1914-18). He is best known for his work in abating the transmiss...
  • Dr. Benjamin Church ("Chief Physician & Director General" of the Medical Service of the Continental Army) [British spy] (1734 - 1776)
    Dr. Benjamin Church (August 24, 1734 – 1778) was effectively the first Surgeon General of the United States Army, serving as the "Chief Physician & Director General" of the Medical Service of the Conti...
  • Dr. Robert Crooke Wood, Sr. (1801 - 1869)
    and Strong connections to the Civil War; Trained as a surgeon in the Minnesota frontier; Eventually advanced to Brigidier General in the Union Army (Assistant Surgeon General) by the end of the Civil...
  • Dr. Jedediah Baxter (1837 - 1890)
    Jedediah Hyde Baxter was a Union physician in Civil War, who joined Army in 1861 and rose to Brigadier General and Surgeon General of the Army and was buried at Arlington National Cemetery. ---------...

Surgeon General of the United States Army

The Surgeon General of the United States Army is the senior-most officer of the U.S. Army Medical Department (AMEDD). By policy, the Surgeon General (TSG) serves as Commanding General, U.S. Army Medical Command (MEDCOM) as well as head of the AMEDD. The surgeon general's office and staff are known as the Office of the Surgeon General (OTSG) and are located in Falls Church, Virginia.

Since 1959, TSG has been appointed in the grade of lieutenant general. By law, TSG may be appointed from any of the six officer branches of the AMEDD. However, prior to the incumbent (a Nurse Corps officer), all appointed and confirmed surgeons general have been Medical Corps officers (military physicians).

Duties

As a commanding general, TSG provides advice and assistance to the Chief of Staff, Army (CSA) and to the Secretary of the Army (SECARMY) on all health care matters pertaining to the U.S. Army and its military health care system. He or she is responsible for development, policy direction, organization and overall management of an integrated Army-wide health service system and is the medical materiel developer for the Army. These duties include formulating policy regulations on health service support, health hazard assessment and the establishment of health standards. TSG is assisted by a Deputy Surgeon General.

History

Congress established the Medical Service of the Continental Army on July 27, 1775 and placed a "Chief physician & director general" of the Continental Army as its head at that time. The first five surgeons general of the U.S. Army served under this title. An Act of May 28, 1789 established a "Physician general" of the U.S. Army (only Doctors Richard Allison and James Craik served according to this nomenclature). An Act of March 13, 1813 cited the "Physician & surgeon general" of the U.S. Army. This nomenclature remained in place until the Medical Department was established by the Reorganization Act of April 14, 1818. (Physicians assigned to the U.S. Army were not accorded military rank until 1847.)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surgeon_General_of_the_United_States_Army

List of Surgeons General of the U.S. Army and their precursors

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surgeon_General_of_the_United_States_Army#Surgeons_General_of_the_U.S._Army_and_their_precursors

http://history.amedd.army.mil/surgeons.html