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History of Prominent Physicians and Healers through the Ages

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  • Sir Ronald Ross, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1902 (1857 - 1932)
    Ross, Sir Ronald (1857–1932), malariologist, was born on 13 May 1857 at the Himalayan hill station of Almora, North-Western Provinces, the eldest of ten children of General Sir Campbell Claye Grant Ros...
  • Paul Ehrlich, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1908 (1854 - 1915)
    Paul Ehrlich פאול ארליך Paul Ehrlich (14 March 1854 – 20 August 1915) was a German Jewish scientist in the fields of hematology, immunology, and chemotherapy, and Nobel laureate. He is noted for curi...
  • Emil Adolf von Behring (1854 - 1917)
    Emil Adolf von Behring (15 March 1854 – 31 March 1917) was a German physiologist who received the 1901 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, the first one so awarded. Biography Behring was born Ad...
  • Dr. Lien-Teh Wu 伍連德 (1879 - 1960)
    Wu Lien-teh, pioneer in modern medical research and administration in China. He gained international recognition for his measures to end the disastrous plague in Manchuria in 1910-11, and he directed t...
  • Tinsley R. Harrison (1900 - 1978)
    Alabamian Tinsley R. Harrison (1900-1978) was one of the most influential physicians of the twentieth century. His worldwide fame rested primarily on his book Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine...

Forefathers of Medical Treatments through the Ages

Photo: Hippocrates, engraving by Peter Paul Rubens, 1638. from Wikipedia, Courtesy of the National Library of Medicine.

Please add ONLY profiles of physicians and "healers" with significant contribution to medicine through the ages.

This project is NOT intended to become a list of physicians of ones country. For such purpose - other more specific projects could be created.

Physicians & Medicine:


Selected physicians by activity period:

Profile links in bold are to Geni Profiles.


  • Imhotep (2650 BCE – 2600 BCE) Considered to be the first architect, and engineer, and physician in early history.
  • Suśruta सुश्रुत (sʊʃɾʊt̪) ( lived ca. 600 BCE). He is an ancient Indian surgeon and is the author of the book Suśruta Saṃhitā, in which he describes over 300 surgical procedures, 120 surgical instruments and classifies human surgery in eight categories.
  • Hippocrates (460 BCE – 370 BCE). He is considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine. He is referred to as the father of Western medicine in recognition of his lasting contributions to the field as the founder of the Hippocratic School of medicine.

0 - 1000

  • Pedanius Dioscorides Πεδάνιος Διοσκουρίδης (c.40 — c.90) was a Greek physician, pharmacologist and botanist, the author of De Materia Medica — a 5-volume encyclopedia about herbal medicine and related medicinal substances (a pharmacopeia), that was widely read for more than 1,500 years.

1000 - 1500

  • Moses Maimonides; משה בן מימון - הרמב"ם ; موسى ابن ميمون ; Mūsā ibn Maymūn (c. 1138 – 1204) was the preeminent medieval Jewish philosopher and one of the greatest Torah scholars of the Middle Ages. He worked as a the Khalif's physician and served as a rabbi and philosopher in Spain, Morocco and Egypt.
  • Mondino de Luzzi (ca. 1270 – 1326), or Mundinus, was an Italian physician, anatomist, and professor of surgery from Bologna. He is often credited as the “restorer of anatomy”.
  • Guy de Chauliac (ca. 1300 – 25 July 1368) was a French physician and surgeon who wrote an influential treatise on surgery in Latin, titled Chirurgia Magna. It was widely read by physicians in late medieval Europe. He was named "father of Surgery".
  • Girolamo Fracastoro (1478 – 1553) was a prominent Italian physician, poet and scholar in astronomy, mathematics and geography. He propagated the philosophy of atomism and firmly declined appeals to hidden causes in scientific examination. First described syphilis and typhus.

XVI century

  • Paracelsus (Philippus Aureolus Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim), (11 Nov. or 17 Dec. 1493 – 24 Sep. 1541) German-Swiss Renaissance physician, botanist, alchemist, astrologer, and general occultist.
  • John Clement (1500 – 1572) Fellow, Consiliarius and President of the College of Physicians.
  • Andreas Vesalius (1514 – 1564) Flemish anatomist and physician, considered the founder of modern human anatomy.
  • Amatus Lusitanus (1511 - 1568) Portuguese Jewish Physician who is said to have discovered the function of the valves in the circulation of the blood. Noted surgeon, prolific author and scholar of logic, mathematics, philosophy.

XVII century

  • William Harvey (Apr. 1, 1578 – Jun. 3, 1657) English physician who was the first person to describe completely and in detail the systemic circulation and properties of blood being pumped to the body by the heart.

XVIII century

  • Eduard Jenner (May 17, 1749 – Jan. 26, 1823) English physician and scientist who was the pioneer of smallpox vaccine. He is often called "the father of immunology", and his work is said to have "saved more lives than the work of any other man".
  • Michael Skjelderup (1769-1852) First professor of medicine in Norway.

XIX century

  • René Laennec; (1781 – 1826) French physician. He invented the stethoscope in 1816, while working at the Hôpital Necker and pioneered its use in diagnosing various chest conditions.
  • Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) — founder of psychoanalysis
  • Joseph Lister (1827–1912) — pioneer of antiseptic surgery
  • Louis Pasteur (1822-1895) remembered for his remarkable breakthroughs in the causes and preventions of diseases.
  • Armauer Hansen (1841-1912) was a Norwegian physician, remembered for his identification of the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae in 1873 as the causative agent of leprosy. , wikipedia
  • Richard Hughes (1836-1902) the ‘Grand Old Man’ of British homeopathy.
  • Robert Koch, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1905 (1843-1910) German physician, considered one of the founders of microbiology.
  • Ivan Petrovich Pavlov - Ива́н Петро́вич Па́влов (1849 – 1936) a famous Russian physiologist, Nobel Laureate in Medicine in 1904 "in recognition of his work on the physiology of digestion, through which knowledge on vital aspects of the subject has been transformed and enlarged"
  • Surgeon-Captain Matthew Louis Hughes was one of the earliest experts in Army hygiene. He had made a special study of the prevention of disease (especially Malta fever) and the control of epidemics.

XX century

Other projects on Geni about medicine: