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The Battles of Cross Keys and Port Republic June 8-9, 1862, US Civil War

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  • Pvt.(CSA), John Cooke Sloan (1841 - 1862)
    st Co.B,52nd Va.Inf.Regt.;2nd Rockbridge Arty. d. typhoid fever. Sloan, John C. BATTLE UNIT NAME: Donald's Company, Virginia Light Artillery SIDE: Confederacy COMPANY: SOLDIER'S RANK IN: Private SOLD...
  • Judge John Grigsby McCluer, Civil War veteran (CSA) (1844 - 1921)
    Served under Stonewall Jackson in the Civil War, POW from fall of 1864 until spring 1865. (full bio in media tab) [Judge] John Grigsby McCluer BIRTH 18 Apr 1844 Rockbridge County, Virginia, USA DEATH...
  • Pvt. (USA) Jacob Hamilton Armstrong (1842 - 1911)
    Civil War Veteran Affiliation: Union Rank Pvt. Co.: K Regt.: 66th Ohio & 2nd Ohio Branch: Infantry 66th Ohio Infantry From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia 66th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer I...
  • Capt. (USA), John Patton Bard (1839 - 1893)
    Captain John Patton Bard was among the Civil War troops of Company K, of the 42nd Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, recruited in Curwensville, PA. in 1861 that became known as the Pennsylvania ...
  • Dr. Norton Folsom, (USA) (1842 - 1903)
    Biography From FindAGrave MEMORIAL ID 57268193 Entered the Civil War as a Medical Cadet on 19 Oct 1861 and was discharged on 18 Oct 1862; graduated Harvard Medical School in 1864; became Surgeon ...

From The National Park Service:

The battles of Cross Keys and Port Republic were the decisive victories of Maj. Gen. Thomas J. (Stonewall) Jackson's 1862 Valley Campaign. At Cross Keys, one of Jackson's divisions beat back the army of Maj. Gen. John C. Fremont approaching from Harrisonburg while elements of a second division held back the vanguard of Brig. Gen. James Shields' division advancing toward Port Republic on the Luray Road. During the night of 8-9 June, Jackson withdrew from in front of Gen. Fremont and at dawn attacked two of Shields's four brigades (commanded by Brig. Gen. E. B. Tyler), precipitating the battle of Port Republic. Fremont reached the vicinity too late to aid Tyler, who was badly beaten. With the retreat of both US armies, Jackson was freed to join the CS army commanded by General Robert E. Lee in the Seven Days' Battles against McClellan's army before Richmond.

In addition to it's importance in Jackson's overall strategy of defeating two separated armies in detail, Cross Keys provides interesting lessons at the tactical level. By deft maneuver and clever use of the terrain, Confederate Brig. Gen. Isaac Trimble shattered a larger US force and stalled Gen. Fremont's attack.