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The Battles of Cross Keys and Port Republic June 8-9, 1862, US Civil War

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  • Maj.(CSA), George Campbell Brown, Civil War veteran (1840 - 1893)
    George Campbell Brown BIRTH 27 Nov 1840 USA DEATH 30 Aug 1893 (aged 52) Grand Rapids, Kent County, Michigan, USA BURIAL Saint Johns Church Cemetery Ashwood, Maury County, TennesseeGeorge Campbell Brow...
  • Capt. Philip Nelson, (CSA) (1826 - 1891)
    He first appears in the 1860 census living with his father, his first wife and his two children and two sisters in Lovingston. Shortly after this enumeration, Philip's first wife Emily died on Oct. 5, ...
  • Brig. Gen. Charles Sidney Winder, (CSA) (1829 - 1862)
    Brigadier-General Charles S. Winder was born in Maryland in 1829. He was graduated at West Point in 1850, and on advancement from second to first-lieutenant of infantry, U. S. A., was ordered to the Pa...
  • Dr. James L. Dinwiddie (1837 - 1907)
    From the Wilmington (NC) Messenger of Friday, July 12, 1907Funeral of Dr. DinwiddieThe remains of Mr. James Dinwiddie arrived early this morning from California and the funeral was held this morning fr...
  • Captain Thomas Davis Ranson (CSA) (1843 - 1918)
    on 4/21/1861 at Charlestown, VA as a Private.On 4/21/1861 he mustered into "Bott's" Co. VA 2nd InfantryHe was transferred out on 8/16/1861On 8/16/1861 he transferred into "I" Co. VA 52nd InfantryHe Res...

From The National Park Service:

The battles of Cross Keys and Port Republic were the decisive victories of Maj. Gen. Thomas J. (Stonewall) Jackson's 1862 Valley Campaign. At Cross Keys, one of Jackson's divisions beat back the army of Maj. Gen. John C. Fremont approaching from Harrisonburg while elements of a second division held back the vanguard of Brig. Gen. James Shields' division advancing toward Port Republic on the Luray Road. During the night of 8-9 June, Jackson withdrew from in front of Gen. Fremont and at dawn attacked two of Shields's four brigades (commanded by Brig. Gen. E. B. Tyler), precipitating the battle of Port Republic. Fremont reached the vicinity too late to aid Tyler, who was badly beaten. With the retreat of both US armies, Jackson was freed to join the CS army commanded by General Robert E. Lee in the Seven Days' Battles against McClellan's army before Richmond.

In addition to it's importance in Jackson's overall strategy of defeating two separated armies in detail, Cross Keys provides interesting lessons at the tactical level. By deft maneuver and clever use of the terrain, Confederate Brig. Gen. Isaac Trimble shattered a larger US force and stalled Gen. Fremont's attack.