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The Battles of Cross Keys and Port Republic June 8-9, 1862, US Civil War

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  • Brig. Gen. (CSA), John Daniel Imboden (1823 - 1895)
    ; findagrave + picture(s) gravestone... ; John Daniel Imboden (February 16, 1823 – August 15, 1895) was a lawyer, teacher, Virginia state legislator. During the American Civil War, he was a Confedera...
  • Brig. Gen. (CSA), Charles S. Winder (1829 - 1862)
    Brigadier-General Charles S. Winder was born in Maryland in 1829. He was graduated at West Point in 1850, and on advancement from second to first-lieutenant of infantry, U. S. A., was ordered to the Pa...
  • Maj. Joseph Hart Chenoweth, (CSA) (1837 - 1862)
    He served as an officer in the 31 Virginia Infantry, Confederate States of America. He was appointed Major on May 1, 1862. He was killed at Port Republic on June 9, 1862. Chenoweth, Joseph H. BATTL...
  • John C. Fremont (1813 - 1890)
    John Charles Frémont (January 21, 1813 – July 13, 1890), was an American military officer, explorer, the first candidate of the Republican Party for the office of president of the U.S., and the first...
  • Gen. (CSA), Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson (1824 - 1863)
    He was baptized Thomas Jefferson Jackson on April 20, 1849. Attended West Point, taught at Virginia Military Institute. Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson (Major USA 1846-51 & Lt. Gen. CSA 1861-63...

From The National Park Service:

The battles of Cross Keys and Port Republic were the decisive victories of Maj. Gen. Thomas J. (Stonewall) Jackson's 1862 Valley Campaign. At Cross Keys, one of Jackson's divisions beat back the army of Maj. Gen. John C. Fremont approaching from Harrisonburg while elements of a second division held back the vanguard of Brig. Gen. James Shields' division advancing toward Port Republic on the Luray Road. During the night of 8-9 June, Jackson withdrew from in front of Gen. Fremont and at dawn attacked two of Shields's four brigades (commanded by Brig. Gen. E. B. Tyler), precipitating the battle of Port Republic. Fremont reached the vicinity too late to aid Tyler, who was badly beaten. With the retreat of both US armies, Jackson was freed to join the CS army commanded by General Robert E. Lee in the Seven Days' Battles against McClellan's army before Richmond.

In addition to it's importance in Jackson's overall strategy of defeating two separated armies in detail, Cross Keys provides interesting lessons at the tactical level. By deft maneuver and clever use of the terrain, Confederate Brig. Gen. Isaac Trimble shattered a larger US force and stalled Gen. Fremont's attack.