This project seeks to collect all of the Jewish families form Stupava, Slovakia (formerly also known in German as Stampfen, and in Hungarian as Stomfa).
Information courtesy of several sources:
Location & History:
Situated in the Malacky District, Bratislava Region, the town is located in the Záhorie lowland, under the Little Carpathians, around 15 km (9 mi) north of Bratislava at an altitude of 182 metres. It has 10, 499 inhabitants as of 2014 and has a land area of 67.17 km2 (26 sq mi). Except the main part Stupava, it also has part Mást (German: Maaßt; Hungarian: Mászt) located south of the town ...
However, traces of habitation go back to the Bronze Age, and the first known inhabitants were Celts. The Romans built a military station as a part of the near Limes Romanus on the Danube. The first written mention about the town was in 1269 in a document of the King Béla IV of Hungary under name Ztumpa. In the second half of the 13th century the now-ruined Pajštún Castle in the Little Carpathians was built. It was developing mainly as an agricultural and trading settlement. The name of the town comes from the pressing mills called stupa on the Stupavský potok brook, which were used for extracting oil from flax and hemp. Jewish community:
Stupava – Synagogue
The Stupava Jewish community, one of the oldest in Slovakia, was established in the seventeenth century on the estate of the Counts Pálffy, an important Hungarian noble family. The oldest documented tombstone at the Jewish cemetery dates from 1642. The community reached the peak of its prosperity in the first half of the nineteenth century. In 1828 it numbered 819 Jews, about one quarter of the local population (total: 3,374). The community maintained an excellent school, which was also attended by non-Jewish pupils. Towards the end of the nineteenth century, the Jewish population decreased, as many young people left Stupava for nearby Bratislava and Vienna. In 1940, the community had 191 members; most of them were killed in the Holocaust, and there is no active Jewish life in the town today. Aside from the synagogue, one of the most significant in Slovakia, visitors can see the well-kept Jewish cemetery with many centuries-old tombstones (Pri Borníku Street).
The synagogue was built in 1803 and represents a unique example of the nine-bay type. Located in the center of the village, close to the Pálffy family residence, it stands on a deep lot near a creek. Its exterior is a rectangle, with massive walls pierced by simple Baroque windows and topped by a saddleback roof. An interesting detail of the façade are the oval ventilation openings in the gable, a typical feature of local architecture in the Záhorie Region. The prayer hall is a nine-bay space, three bays square, whose central bimah is supported by four columns. The exterior of this unique synagogue was successfully restored in 2008 thanks to the long-term initiative of the Bratislava-based NGO Jewrope. The synagogue is now under restoration for cultural purposes. It will be used as a central archive and book deposit for the Slovak Jewish community. A small Judaica exhibition is also planned.
Location: Stupava, Hlavná Street Building use: under restoration Hours: closed until 2011 Entrance fee: no Cultural route plaque identification: yes
STUPAVA: | slovakia - International Jewish Cemetery Project
• Situated in the NE part of Stupava in a location called Pri Borníku. In this very large cemetery, most of the graves date from the 17th to the 20th centuries and remain well-preserved. The cemetery dates from about 1740 with right of possession granted to the Jewish community in 1722 by the landlord. The oldest known grave dates from 1643 however. Inscriptions are mostly in Hebrew, but one in German . Men and women were buried side-by-side. Gravestones were decorated with various motives, but simpler gravestones can be found. Some came directly from Viennese stone-cutter's workshops. The cemetery is now completely closed with a partially preserved former brick fence. Source and photos [Sep 2014]
US Commission No. SLCE000219: The cemetery is located on Kalvarska Street on an isolated suburban hillside with no sign, but Jewish symbols on wall or gate. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all via a masonry wall and locking gate. The cemetery has 500-5000 18th-20th century marble, granite, limestone, and sandstone flat shaped tombstones (some with carved relief decorations), finely smoothed and inscribed stones, or double tombstones are in original locations. Inscriptions are German and Hebrew. The site is Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are residential. Occasionally, private visitors stop. Restoration included clearing vegetation and fixing of gate and walls. Occasionally, individuals clean and clear the site. Within the cemetery is a pre-burial house. Erosion is a moderate threat. Planned development is a minor threat. [date? 2000?]
The Stupava Jewish vital records that are in the State Archives in Bratislava have been digitized by the Family History Library, and can be browsed online at https://familysearch.org/search/image/index?owc=9P3Q-VZ4%3A107654001%2C109608201%2C109608202%3Fcc%3D1554443
... Note from original project creator:
All information about people, stories, life of the Jewish community of Stupava, that doesn´t exist any more.
Ich sammle Informationen über Geschichte der Judengemeinde zu Stupava, die nicht mehr existiert. In Stupava war eine sehr berühmte Judengemeinde, da wirkten grosse Persönlichkeiten als Rabiner und aus dieser Stadt stammten viele berühmte Juden.