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  • Witold Roman Lutosławski (1913 - 1994)
    Witold Roman Lutosławski - kompozytor, dyrygent, pianista. Wikipedia PL Witold Lutosławski on Wikipedia in English Witold Lutosławski (January 25, 1913 – February 7, 1994) was one of the major Eu...
  • Israel Gelfand (1913 - 2009)
    Israel Moiseevich Gelfand , also written Israïl Moyseyovich Gel'fand, or Izrail M. Gelfand (Yiddish: ישראל געלפֿאַנד‎, Russian: Изра́иль Моисе́евич Гельфа́нд; 2 September [O.S. 20 August] 1913 – 5 Octo...
  • Martha Nussbaum
    Martha Craven Nussbaum is an American philosopher and the current Ernst Freund Distinguished Service Professor of Law and Ethics at the University of Chicago, where she is jointly appointed in the Law ...
  • Leonard Arthur Herzenberg (1931 - 2013)
    Leonard Arthur "Len" Herzenberg (November 5, 1931 – October 27, 2013) was an immunologist, geneticist and professor at Stanford University. His contributions to the development of cell biology made i...
  • Olivier Messiaen (1908 - 1992)
    Olivier Eugène Prosper Charles Messiaen was a French composer, organist, and ornithologist, one of the major composers of the 20th century. His music is rhythmically complex; harmonically and melodical...

1. The Kyoto Prize is an international award to honor those who have contributed significantly to the scientific, cultural, and spiritual betterment of mankind. The Prize is presented annually in each of the following three categories: Advanced Technology, Basic Sciences, and Arts and Philosophy.

2. Laureates shall in principle be individuals (one person per category). However, in special cases a single Prize may be shared among more than one person. Selection is made without regard to nationality, race, gender, age, or religion. Each laureate is presented with a diploma, a 20K gold Kyoto Prize medal, and prize money of 100 million yen per category.

3. Each Kyoto Prize category comprises four fields. The specific fields to be awarded in a given year are determined each year.

4. Candidates for the Kyoto Prize are nominated by official Kyoto Prize nominators, who are selected annually by the Inamori Foundation from among recognized domestic and international authorities.

5. Selection of the laureates is conducted fairly and impartially by the Kyoto Prize Selection Organization, comprising three steps: a separate Kyoto Prize Selection Committee and Kyoto Prize Committee for each category, plus the Kyoto Prize Executive Committee.

6. The Kyoto Prize laureates are announced each June; the Kyoto Prize presentation ceremony and related events are held in Kyoto, Japan, each November.

The Kyoto Prize laureates:

Basic sciences

Biological sciences

  • 1986: George Evelyn Hutchinson (U.S., 1903 – 1987)
  • 1990: Jane Goodall (U.K., born 1934)
  • 1993: William Donald Hamilton (U.K., 1936–2000)
  • 1997: Daniel Hunt Janzen (U.S., born 1939)
  • 2001: John Maynard Smith (U.K., 1920–2004)
  • 2005: Simon Asher Levin (U.S., born 1941)
  • 2009: Peter Grant (U.K., born 1936) and Rosemary Grant (U.K., born 1936)
  • 2013: Masatoshi Nei (U.S., born 1931)
  • 2017: Graham Farquhar (Australia, b.1947)

Mathematical sciences

Earth and planetary sciences, astronomy and astrophysics

  • 1987: Jan Hendrik Oort (Netherlands, 1900 – 92)
  • 1991: Edward Norton Lorenz (U.S., 1917–2008)
  • 1995: Chūshirō Hayashi (Japan, 1920–2010)
  • 1999: Walter Heinrich Munk (U.S., born 1917)
  • 2003: Eugene Newman Parker (U.S., born 1927)
  • 2007: Hiroo Kanamori (Japan, born 1936)
  • 2011: Rashid Alievich Sunyaev (Russia, born 1943)
  • 2015: Michel Mayor (Switzerland, b. 1942)

Life sciences

  • 1992: Yasutomi Nishizuka (Japan, 1932–2004)
  • 1996: Mario Renato Capecchi (U.S., born 1937)
  • 2000: Walter Jakob Gehring (Switzerland, born 1939)
  • 2004: Alfred G. Knudson (U.S., born 1922)
  • 2008: Anthony James Pawson (Canada / U.K., born 1952)
  • 2012: Yoshinori Ohsumi (Japan, born 1945)
  • 2016: Tasuku Honjo (Japan, b. 1942)

Cognitive science

Advanced technology

Electronics

  • 1985: Rudolf Emil Kálmán (U.S., born 1930 in Budapest, Hungary)
  • 1989: Amos E. Joel, Jr. (U.S., 1918–2008)
  • 1993: Jack St. Clair Kilby (U.S., 1923–2005)
  • 1997: Federico Faggin (Italy, born 1941), Marcian Edward Hoff Jr. (U.S., born 1937), Stanley Mazor (U.S., born 1941) Masatoshi Shima (Japan, born 1943)
  • 2001: Zhores Ivanovich Alferov (Russia, 1930-2019), Izuo Hayashi (Japan, 1922–2005), Morton B. Panish (U.S., born 1929)
  • 2005: George H. Heilmeier (U.S., born 1936)
  • 2009: Isamu Akasaki (Japan, born 1929)
  • 2013: Robert H. Dennard (U.S., born 1932)
  • 2017: Takashi Mimura (Japan. b. 1944)

Biotechnology and medical technology

Materials science and engineering

  • 1987: Morris Cohen (U.S., 1911–2005)
  • 1991: Michael Szwarc (U.S., 1909–2000)
  • 1995: George William Gray (U.K., born 1926)
  • 1999: W. David Kingery (U.S., 1926–2000)
  • 2003: George McClelland Whitesides (U.S., born 1939)
  • 2007: Hiroo Inokuchi (Japan, born 1927)
  • 2011: John Werner Cahn (U.S., born 1928)
  • 2015: Toyoki Kunitake (Japan, b. 1936)

Information science == Knuth

  • 1988: John McCarthy (U.S., 1927–2011)
  • 1992: Maurice Vincent Wilkes (U.K., 1913–2010)
  • 1996: Donald Ervin Knuth (U.S., born 1938)
  • 2000: Sir Antony Hoare (U.K., born 1934)
  • 2004: Alan Curtis Kay (U.S., born 1940)
  • 2008: Richard M. Karp (U.S., born 1935)
  • 2012: Ivan Edward Sutherland (U.S., born 1938)
  • 2016: Takeo Kanade (Japan, b. 1945)

Arts and philosophy

Music

Arts

  • 1986: Isamu Noguchi (U.S., 1904–1988)
  • 1990: Renzo Piano (Italy, born 1937)
  • 1995: Roy Lichtenstein (U.S., 1923–1997)
  • 1998: Nam June Paik (U.S., 1932–2006)
  • 2002: Tadao Ando (Japan, born 1941)
  • 2006: Issey Miyake (Japan, born 1938)
  • 2010: William Kentridge (South Africa, born 1955)
  • 2014: Fukumi Shimura (Japan, born 1924)
  • 2018: Joan Jonas (U.S., b. 1936)

Theater, cinema

  • 1987: Andrzej Wajda (Poland, born 1926)
  • 1991: Peter Stephen Paul Brook (U.K., born 1925)
  • 1994: Akira Kurosawa (Japan, 1910 – 98)
  • 1999: Maurice Béjart (France, 1927 – 07)
  • 2003: Tamao Yoshida (Japan, born 1919)
  • 2007: Pina Bausch (Germany, 1940–2009)
  • 2011: Tamasaburo Bando V (Japan, born 1950)
  • 2015: John Neumeier (U.S., b. 1942)

Thought and ethics