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The Man Booker Prize for Fiction

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The Man Booker Prize for Fiction

(formerly known as the Booker-McConnell Prize and commonly known simply as the Booker Prize) ...

...is a literary prize awarded each year for tAwarded for the best original novel, written in the English language, and published in the UK. It has been administered by the Booker Prize Foundation from 2002. The foundation is an independent registered charity funded by the entire profits of Booker Prize Trading Ltd, of which it is the sole shareholder. The prize money awarded with the Booker Prize was originally £21,000, and was subsequently raised to £50,000 in 2002 under the sponsorship of the Man Group, making it one of the world's richest literary prizes.

Before 1971 the prize had been awarded retrospectively to books published prior to the year in which the award was given. In 1971 the year of eligibility was changed to the same as the year of the award, meaning that books published in 1970 were not considered for the Booker in either year. The Booker Prize Foundation announced in January 2010 the creation of a special award called the "Lost Man Booker Prize," with the winner chosen from a "longlist" of 22 novels published in 1970.

Before 2001, each year's "longlist" of nominees was not publicly revealed.


Historically, the winner of the Man Booker Prize had been required to be a citizen of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Republic of Ireland, or Zimbabwe. On 18 September 2013, the media announced that future Man Booker Prize awards would consider authors from anywhere in the world, so long as their work was in English and published in the United Kingdom.

The selection process for the winner of the prize begins with the formation of an advisory committee, which includes a writer, two publishers, a literary agent, a bookseller, a librarian, and a chairperson appointed by the Booker Prize Foundation. The advisory committee then selects the judging panel, the membership of which changes each year, although on rare occasions a judge may be selected a second time. Judges are selected from amongst leading literary critics, writers, academics and leading public figures.

The winner is usually announced at a ceremony in London's Guildhall, usually in early October.

List of winners

Author; Title; Genre(s); Nationality

1969

  • P. H. Newby; Something to Answer For; Novel; United Kingdom

1970

  • Bernice Rubens; The Elected Member; Novel; United Kingdom

1970

(retrospective award)

  • J. G. Farrell; Troubles; Novel; Ireland

1971

  • V. S. Naipaul; In a Free State; Short story; Trinidad and Tobago

1972

  • John Berger; G.; Experimental novel; United Kingdom

1973

  • J. G. Farrell; The Siege of Krishnapur; Novel; Ireland

1974

  • Nadine Gordimer; The Conservationist; Novel; South Africa
  • Stanley Middleton; Holiday; Novel; United Kingdom

1975

  • Ruth Prawer Jhabvala; Heat and Dust; Historical novel; Germany

1976

  • David Storey; Saville; Novel; United Kingdom

1977

  • Paul Scott; Staying On; Novel; United Kingdom

1978

  • Iris Murdoch; The Sea, the Sea; Philosophical novel; Ireland

1979

  • Penelope Fitzgerald; Offshore; Novel; United Kingdom

1980

1981

1982

  • Thomas Keneally; Schindler's Ark; Biographical novel; Australia

1983

  • J. M. Coetzee; Life & Times of Michael K; Novel; South Africa

1984

  • Anita Brookner; Hotel du Lac; Novel; United Kingdom

1985

  • Keri Hulme; The Bone People; Mystery novel; New Zealand

1986

1987

  • Penelope Lively; Moon Tiger; Novel; United Kingdom

1988

  • Peter Carey; Oscar and Lucinda; Historical novel; Australia

1989

  • Kazuo Ishiguro; The Remains of the Day; Historical novel; United Kingdom

1990

  • A. S. Byatt; Possession; Historical novel; United Kingdom

1991

  • Ben Okri; The Famished Road; Magic realism; Nigeria

1992

  • Michael Ondaatje; The English Patient; Historiographic metafiction; Canada
  • Barry Unsworth; Sacred Hunger; Historical novel; United Kingdom

1993

  • Roddy Doyle; Paddy Clarke Ha Ha Ha; Novel; Ireland

1994

  • James Kelman; How Late It Was, How Late; Stream of consciousness; United Kingdom

1995

  • Pat Barker; The Ghost Road; War novel; United Kingdom

1996

  • Graham Swift; Last Orders; Novel; United Kingdom

1997

  • Arundhati Roy; The God of Small Things; Novel; India

1998

  • Ian McEwan; Amsterdam; Novel; United Kingdom

1999

  • J. M. Coetzee; Disgrace; Novel; South Africa

2000

  • Margaret Atwood; The Blind Assassin; Historical novel; Canada

2001

  • Peter Carey; True History of the Kelly Gang; Historical novel; Australia

2002

  • Yann Martel; Life of Pi; Fantasy and adventure novel; Canada

2003

  • DBC Pierre; Vernon God Little; Black comedy; Australia

2004

  • Alan Hollinghurst; The Line of Beauty; Historical novel; United Kingdom

2005

  • John Banville; The Sea; Novel; Ireland

2006

  • Kiran Desai; The Inheritance of Loss; Novel; India

2007

  • Anne Enright; The Gathering; Novel; Ireland

2008

  • Aravind Adiga; The White Tiger; Novel; India

2009

  • Hilary Mantel; Wolf Hall; Historical novel; United Kingdom

2010

  • Howard Jacobson; The Finkler Question; Comic novel; United Kingdom

2011

  • Julian Barnes; The Sense of an Ending; Novel; United Kingdom

2012

  • Hilary Mantel; Bring Up the Bodies; Historical novel; United Kingdom
  • 2013
  • Eleanor Catton; The Luminaries; Historical novel; New Zealand
  • 2014
  • Richard Flanagan; The Narrow Road to the Deep North; Historical novel; Australia

References and Resources