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  • Juana Reyes-Buendia (1874 - 1900)
    Juana "Anang" Tantoco Reyes was among "The Brave Women of Malolos". Along with her family, she aided the revolutionary army by providing supplies. She died from childbirth complications. More here:
  • Rufina Tengco Reyes (1869 - 1909)
    Rufina Tengco Reyes was among "The Brave Women of Malolos". Though she did not sign her family name, it is certain that Rufina was one of the women as the classes were eventually held in her house. At ...
  • Agapita Reyes Tiongson (1872 - 1937)
    Agapita "Pitang" Tiongson-Batungbakal was a philantropist from Malolos who willed her jewelry and real estate to the construction of a free hospital for her land tenants and their families. It was neve...
  • Filomena Oliveros Tiongson (c.1865 - 1930)
    Filomena "Mena" Oliveros Tiongson was among "The Brave Women of Malolos". Filomena aided the Katipunan and the Malolos Republic. She maintained a close friendship with the Rizal sisters and became a fo...
  • Eugenia Mendoza Tanchangco (c.1871 - 1969)
    Eugenia "Genia" Tanchangco-Reyes was among "The Brave Women of Malolos". She studied at Colegio de la Concordia in Manila. It is recorded that she met Rizal at a baptismal party in Malolos in 1888, pri...

On 12 December 1888, twenty women from prominent, wealthy Chinese-Filipino families of Malolos, Bulacan signed and presented a letter to the Governor-General of the Philippines, requesting permission to open a night school where they could be taught Spanish. This was met with as much resistance by the establishment (the Agustinian curate and the Spanish Governor-General himself) as the support of the illustrado reformists like Jose Rizal, Graciano Lopez Jaena and Marcelo H. Del Pilar.

After much public debate, the school opened with conditional approval from the government on 20 February 1889. But only two months later, in April 1889, the school was accused by Church officials of "immoral teaching and of eating meat on days of abstinence" and was forced to close. Read more:

Find more historical projects at the master project page, Families of the Philippines.

Suggested Readings

The Women of Malolos

They were 20 women from the closely-knit mestizo-sangley clans of the town, related by blood and friendship. Plotting the blood relationship between these historical women is a messy web, with multiple marriages between not-so-distant cousins prevalent within at least, three generations. Much of the research is attributed to the efforts of Nick Tiongson.

  1. Elisea Tantoco Reyes
  2. Juana Tantoco Reyes
  3. Leoncia Santos Reyes
  4. Olympia San Agustin Reyes
  5. Rufina Tengco Reyes
  6. Eugenia Mendoza Tanchangco
  7. Aurea Mendoza Tanchangco
  8. Basilia Villariño Tantoco
  9. Teresa Tiongson Tantoco
  10. Maria Tiongson Tantoco
  11. Anastacia Maclang Tiongson
  12. Basilia Reyes Tiongson
  13. Paz Reyes Tiongson
  14. Aleja Reyes Tiongson
  15. Mercedes Reyes Tiongson
  16. Agapita Reyes Tiongson
  17. Filomena Oliveros Tiongson
  18. Cecilia Oliveros Tiongson
  19. Feliciana Oliveros Tiongson
  20. Alberta Santos Uitangcoy