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West Florida, the 15th Colony

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This project is to discuss and research the West Florida Colony controlled variously by Spain and Britain.

In recent conversations with David Menk, he mentioned the 8 eastern Parishes of Louisiana were actually part of West Florida.


William Blount --- 1st person in the U.S. to be impeached by the House of Representatives, the first time it even exercised this power, and was simultaneously expelled from the U.S. Senate on July 8. He was found guilty ‘of a high misdemeanor, entirely inconsistent with his public trust and duty as a Senator,’ because he had been active in a plan to incite the Creek and Cherokee Indians to aid the British in conquering the Spanish territory of West Florida. (Reference needed).

Following France's defeat of Spain in the War of the Pyrenees, land speculators, already on the financial brink, worried that the French would eventually gain control of Spanish-controlled Louisiana, and shut off American access to the Mississippi River.[5]:302 In hopes of preventing this, Blount and his friend, an Indian agent named John Chisholm, concocted a plan to allow Britain to gain control of Florida and Louisiana, and in return give free access to both New Orleans and the Mississippi River to American merchants. The plan called for territorial militias, with the aid of the British fleet, to attack New Madrid, New Orleans and Pensacola.(

60th Foot (the American Regiment of Infantry) operated in East and West Florida. (See Journal of Southern History).