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Winston-Salem, North Carolina

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Profiles

  • Mary Antoinette Crane (1870 - 1927)
  • Cpl. John Calvin Conrad, (CSA) (1840 - 1909)
    U.S., Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles, 1861-1865 about John Calvin Conrad Name: John Calvin Conrad Residence: Forsyth County, North Carolina, North Carolina Age at enlistment: 22 Enlistment ...
  • Anne Dupuy Martin (1878 - 1961)
    Never married; no issue
  • Ada Elizabeth Hemsath (1858 - 1927)
    Grave: A Grave, database and images ( : accessed 10 December 2017), memorial page for Ada Elizabeth Leinbach Hemsath (1858–1927), Find A Grave Memorial no. 62851227, citing Nisky Hill Cemetery, Bethleh...

Please add profiles of those who were born, lived or died in Winston-Salem, North Carolina.

Winston-Salem is the county seat of Forsyth County.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winston-Salem,_North_Carolina

History

The city of Winston-Salem is a product of the merging of the two neighboring towns of Winston and Salem in 1913.

Salem The origin of the town of Salem dates to January 1753, when Bishop August Gottlieb Spangenberg, on behalf of the Moravian Church, selected a settlement site in the three forks of Muddy Creek. He called this area "die Wachau" (Latin form: Wachovia) named after the ancestral estate of Count Nicolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf. The land, just short of 99,000 acres, was subsequently purchased from John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville.

On November 17, 1753, the first settlers arrived at what would later become the town of Bethabara. This town, despite its rapid growth, was not designed to be the primary settlement on the tract. Some residents expanded to a nearby settlement called Bethania in 1759. Finally, lots were drawn to select among suitable sites for the location of a new town.

The town established on the chosen site was given the name of Salem (from "Shalom" meaning "Peace", after the Canaanite city mentioned in the Book of Genesis) chosen for it by the Moravians' late patron, Count Zinzendorf. On January 6, 1766, the first tree was felled for the building of Salem. Salem was a typical Moravian settlement congregation with the public buildings of the congregation grouped around a central square, today Salem Square. These included the church, a Brethren's House and a Sisters' House for the unmarried members of the Congregation, which owned all the property in town. For many years only members of the Moravian Church were permitted to live in the settlement. This practice had ended by the American Civil War. Many of the original buildings in the settlement have been restored or rebuilt and are now part of Old Salem Museums & Gardens.

Salem was incorporated as a town in December 1856. Salem Square and "God's Acre", the Moravian Graveyard, since 1772 are the site each Easter morning of the world-famous Moravian sunrise service. This service, sponsored by all the Moravian church parishes in the city, attracts thousands of worshipers each year.

Winston In 1849, the Salem congregation sold land north of Salem to the newly formed Forsyth County for a county seat. The new town was called "the county town" or Salem until 1851 when it was re-named Winston for a local hero of the Revolutionary War, Joseph Winston. In 1868, work began by Salem and Winston business leaders to connect the town to the North Carolina Railroad. That same year, Thomas Jethro Brown, of Davie County, rented a former livery stable and established the first tobacco warehouse in Winston. That same year, Pleasant Henderson Hanes, also of Davie, built his first tobacco factory a few feet from Brown's warehouse. In 1875, Richard Joshua Reynolds, of Patrick County, Virginia, built his first tobacco factory a few hundred feet from Hanes's factory. By the 1880s, there were almost 40 tobacco factories in the town of Winston. Hanes and Reynolds would compete fiercely for the next 25 years, each absorbing a number of the smaller manufacturers, until Hanes sold out to Reynolds in 1900 to begin a second career in textiles.

Winston-Salem In the 1880s, the US Post Office began referring to the two towns as Winston-Salem. In 1899, after nearly a decade of contention, the United States Post Office Department established the Winston-Salem post office in Winston, with the former Salem office serving as a branch. After a referendum the towns were officially incorporated as "Winston-Salem" in 1913.

The Reynolds family, namesake of the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, played a large role in the history and public life of Winston-Salem. By the 1940s, 60% of Winston-Salem workers worked either for Reynolds or in the Hanes textile factories. The Reynolds company imported so much French cigarette paper and Turkish tobacco for Camel cigarettes that Winston-Salem was designated by the United States federal government as an official port of entry for the United States, despite the city being 200 miles inland. Winston-Salem was the eighth-largest port of entry in the United States by 1916.

In 1917, the Reynolds company bought 84 acres of property in Winston-Salem and built 180 houses that it sold at cost to workers, to form a development called "Reynoldstown." By the time R.J. Reynolds died in 1918, his company owned 121 buildings in Winston-Salem.

In 1929, the Reynolds Building was completed in Winston-Salem. The building is well known for being the predecessor and prototype for the much larger Empire State Building that was built in 1931 in New York City.

Links

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moravian_Church

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R._J._Reynolds_Tobacco_Company

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camel_(cigarette)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reynolds_Building

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shamrock_Mills

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P.H._Hanes_Knitting_Company

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hanes

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Texas_Pete

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krispy_Kreme

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piedmont_Airlines_(1948%E2%80%9389)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lowes_Foods

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IMG_College

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K%26W_Cafeterias

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bethabara_Historic_District