Bertrada 'Berthe au Grand Pied' de Laon, reine des Francs (727 - 783) MP

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Nicknames: "Berte", "Bertha", "Bertrade", "Bertrada II", "Broadfoot", "of Laon", "aux Grands Pieds", "Greatfoot", "'Regina pede aucae'", "with the goose foot", "Bertha Broadfoot", "Bertrade de Laon", "Judith", ""Judith"", ""Berte"", ""Bertha"", ""Bertrade"", ""Bertrada II"", ""Broadfoot"", ""of Laon"", "..."
Place of Burial: Saint-Denis, Île-de-France, France
Birthplace: Laon, Département de l'Aisne, Picardie, France
Death: Died in Choisy, Département de la Haute-Savoie, Rhône-Alpes, France
Occupation: Frankish Queen, Countess, vv.727ALT B QUEEN OF FRANKS, Frankish queen, Duchess of Laon, Condesa de Laón, Queen, Grevinne, Grevinde, Queen of the Franks, Comtesse de Laon, Frensh Queen, of Laon, Grevinna, Reine v.754, Countess of Laon, Fransk Drottning.
Managed by: Margaret, (C)
Last Updated:

About Bertrada 'Berthe au Grand Pied' de Laon, reine des Francs

Bertrada of Laon, also called Bertha Broadfoot (cf. latin: Regina pede aucae i.e. the queen with the goose-foot), (710/27 – July 12, 783) was a Frankish queen. She was born in Laon, in today's Aisne, France, the daughter of Caribert of Laon. She married Pepin the Short, the son of the Frankish Mayor of the Palace Charles Martel, in 740, although the union was not canonically sanctioned until several years later. Eleven years later, in 751, Pepin and Bertrada became King and Queen of the Franks, following Pepin's successful coup against the Frankish Merovingian monarchs.

Bertrada and Pepin are known to have had four children, three sons and one daughter: of these, Charles (Charlemagne), Carloman, and Gisela survived to adulthood, whilst Pepin died in infancy. Charlemagne and Carloman would inherit the two halves of their father's kingdom when he died, and Gisela became a nun.

Bertrada lived at the court of her elder son Charles, and according to Einhard their relationship was excellent. She recommended he marry his first wife, Desiderata, a daughter of the Lombard king Desiderius, but he soon divorced her. Einhard claims this was the only episode that ever strained relations between mother and son. Bertrada lived with Charlemagne until her death in 783; the king buried her in Saint Denis Basilica with great honors.

Notes

Bertrada de Laon (726 a 18-VIII-783) era hija de Cariberto Hardrad, conde de Laon, y Gisela de Laon. Se casó con Pipino el Breve, rey de Francia y fueron padres de Carlos I el Grande, llamado Carlomagno (747/748 a 28 de enero de 814).

Era apodada "la del pie grande", apodo que proviene del hecho de que tenía un pie más grande que el otro.

Leyenda

Cuenta la leyenda que cuando Bertrada llegó a Francia para desposarse con el rey Pipino el Breve, cansada por el largo viaje decide mandar a una de sus damas a presentarse ante el rey haciéndose pasar por ella mientras ella descansa. Cuando Berta quiso presentarse como princesa, se la acusó de impostora y fue condenada a muerte. Sus verdugos, conmovidos por su gran belleza, le perdonan la vida.

Gracias a la ayuda del anciano Simón trabaja como doncella en sus cabañas. Un día, el rey se va de caza y reposa en la posada donde estaba Berta. Al verla, el rey Pipino queda prendado de su belleza y ésta le confiesa quién es y lo sucedido, por lo que se descubre la verdad. Pipino manda dar muerte a la dama impostora y se casa con Berta.

Notas y referencias

1.↑ El nombre de la madre es realmente desconocido, pero existen razones de tipo onomástico que inducen a creer que era Gisela.

2.↑ página 54: Elle est cependant affligée d’un pied bot (en francés)

http://www.histoireaisne.fr/memoires_numerises/chapitres/tome_32/Tome_032_page_052.pdf

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From Darryl Lundy's Peerage page on Bertha de Laon (Forrás / Source):

http://www.thepeerage.com/p10325.htm#i103249

Bertha de Laon

F, #103249, b. circa 720, d. 12 July 783

Last Edited=20 Aug 2005

Bertha de Laon was born circa 720 at Laon, France. (1) She was the daughter of Heribert de Laon, Comte de Laon. She married Pepin III, King of the Franks, son of Charles Martel, King of the Franks and Rotrud (?), in 740.

She died on 12 July 783 at Choisy, France. (1)

Children of Bertha de Laon and Pepin III, King of the Franks

-1. Charlemagne, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire+ b. 2 Apr 742, d. 28 Jan 814

-2. Carloman, King of the Franks b. c 751, d. 771

Note: Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire is in error. His actual title was Emperor of the Romans.

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Nome: ou Bertrada, ou Berta/Bertrada Pés Grandes, ou de Laon, ou II de Laon. Nascimento: ou maio de 720, ou c. 725, ou maio de 726. Morte: ou 8 de junho, ou 13 de julho, ou 23 de abril.

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Berthe=Bertrada de Laon

b.ca.720, daughter of Charibert, Count de Laon and Bertrade N?

m.ca.740: Pepin III, King des Francs, son of Charles Martel and Rotrude=Chrotrud, Duchesse d"Austrasie

d.11 Jul 783 [Bertrada died on the fourth of the Ides of July]

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[http://a-e-g.chat.ru/trees/arnulf/15.htm]

Berthe was known as Berthe-au-grand-pied because one foot was larger than the other. Berthe was for many years, at least since 740, the concubine of Pepin III. In 749 she convinced him to marry her.

Note - in 770: The winds of history in the year 770 no longer blow from Aquitaine but from Lombardy. This Kingdom, north of a strange Italy of the time [Italy being bitten into little pieces by the aspirations of the Lombards to the North, the Byzantines and the Pope. Charles, though the "devoted defender of the Holy Church and its auxilliaries in all things" as he refers to himself, should logically and normally have followed the politics of his father with respect to Rome, and therefore to protect the papacy from its enemies, the Lombards. But he would hear none of it. Carloman casts a benign eye on the Lombards, where Didier, the ancient Duke of Tuscanny still reigned.

Bertrada, the widow of Pippin, despairing at the level of hate which separated her two sons, took matters into her hands, as a strong-willed woman is sometimes wont to do when endowed with power. She visits Carloman near Seltz [in Alsace], and secures his agreement from him. She crosses the Alps under the pretext of "worshiping in Rome the temples of the Holy Apostles" and visits Pope Stephen III. In fact, she had but one thing on her mind: To reconcile her two sons by bringing Charles closer to the Lombards, since Carloman is the friend of the ruler of Lombardy. The politics of the two brothers then would become tied to a common interest, That could be a first step. One could also marry Gisele, sister of Charles and Carloman to Didier"s son. Unfortunately, Gisele is not yet nubile.

In the meantime, Bertrada proposes the marriage of her son Charles with Desiree, Didier"s daughter! The King of the Lombards accepts the proposal as does Charles. However, the future emperor is already attached to a young frankish woman, Himiltrude, who has born him a son and a daughter -- unfortunately, the son is hunchback. Although Himiltrude is only a concubine of the King, the Pope being furious with the developments bringing together his natural protectors, the Francs, with his natural enemies, the Lombards, calls the union of Charles to Desiree diabolical. How can the Francs, a race ".. endowed with such beautiful women ..." posibly consider a union with "...this fetid race of Lombards, the most perfidious, and odious of all races, who have never been counted in the race of civilized nations, and from whom leprosy came ..." Pope Stephen III exclaimed.

Whiles Charles considers the matter, Bertrada gets Desiree and brings her to her son in Pavia. His first look at Desiree immediately caused him to miss Himiltrude. It seems that Desiree was the epitomy of ugliness. The marriage takes place anyway.

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Bertha "Broadfoot"

Female, (about 720 - 12 July 783)

Bertha "Broadfoot"|b. a 720\nd. 12 Jul 783|p30111.htm|Caribert Count of Laon||p30112.htm|Bertrada||p35833.htm|Martin o. L.||p35835.htm|Princess Bertrada||p35834.htm|||||||

Bertha "Broadfoot" was born about 720 in Laon, Aisne, France.2 She was the daughter of Caribert Count of Laon and Bertrada.1,2,3,4,5 About 740 Bertha married Pépin "the Short" King of the Franks, son of Charles Martel Mayor of the Palace and Rotrou of Allemania.1,2,3,4,5 Bertha was known as "Queen Goose-Foot" or "Goose-Footed Bertha", and is the original “Mother Goose”.5 Bertha "Broadfoot" died on Tuesday, 12 July 783.1,2,3

Charts

Ancestry of Edward III

Children of Bertha "Broadfoot" and Pépin "the Short" King of the Franks

Gisela Abbess of Chelles+ 5

Pépin 5

Charlemagne Emperor of the West+ (2 Apr 747 - 28 Jan 814)1,2,3,4,5

Carloman "the Younger" King of Burgundy+ (751 - 4 Dec 771)4,5

Citations

Weis, Frederick Lewis. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650. Fifth Edition. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1982.

Stuart, Roderick W. Royalty for Commoners, The Complete Known Lineage of John of Gaunt, Son of Edward III, King of England, and Queen Philippa. Fourth Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2002.

Moriarty, G. Andrews. "The Origin of the Carolingians", The New England Historical and Genealogical Register volume XCVIII (October 1944).

Kelley, David H.. "Genealogical Research in England: A New Consideration of the Carolingians", The New England Historical and Genealogical Register volume CI (April 1947).

Sewell Genealogy Site. Online http://www3.sympatico.ca/robert.sewell/sitemapweb.html

http://www.genealogy.theroyfamily.com/p30111.htm

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Bertrada "Pés Grandes". /// Nome: ou Berta, ou Berthe; ou II de Laon. Nascimento: ou maio de 720, ou c. 725, ou maio de 726. Morte: ou 8 de junho, ou 13 de julho, ou 23 de abril.

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From Find-a-Grave:

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=21069

Berthe de Laon

Birth: 726

Death: Jun. 12, 783

Frankish Queen, daughter of Count Charibert de Laon and Gisele of Aquitaine.

For a woman of her time she was well educated and spoke Latin.

She met Pippin in 741 and they fell in love, but he was already married to Princess Leutburga with whom he had five children. Another obstacle to their marriage was their close blood relationship.

She lived by his side as his mistress for several years. After she gave birth to their first child, Charlemagne around 743, he convinced Leutburga to separate and retire to the monastery of Lorsch. Pippin married Berthe probably in 749.

Pippin had succeeded his father Charles Martel as majordomos in 741 and ousted King Childeric III. from power in 751 and sent him also to a monastery.

In the same year she gave birth to a second son, Carloman. A few months later the nobles of the kingdom elected him as King and soon after that he went to Narbonne to fight against the Saracen. She accompanied him on this and other campaigns.

In later years the marriage became much cooler and they nearly separated. Only the intervention of the Pope prevented that.

After Pippin's death in 768 she became more involved in the politics in her son's kingdoms. She mediated between Charles and his brother and they stopped fighting with each other.

In 770 she traveled to Bavaria where she met her nephew Duke Tassilo. She lived for several years at Charles' court at Aachen. She later moved to the Abbey of Choisy sur Aisne where she spend the last decade of her life.

It's not sure that she is buried in St. Denis as some say she might be buried in the Val de Meuse. (bio by: Lutetia)

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From the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy page on Merovingian nobility:

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/FRANKSMaiordomi.htm

BERTRADA [Berta] "au Grand Pied" ([720]-Choisy-au-Bac, near Compiègne 12 Jun 783[539], bur église de l'abbaye royale de Saint Denis).

The Annales Laurissenses record the marriage in 749 of "Bertradem cognomine Bertam, Cariberti Laudunensis comitis filiam" and "Pippinus"[540].

"Pippinus rex Francorum" donated property to found Kloster Prüm by charter dated 13 Aug 762 which names "coniux mea Bertrada…genitor suus Heribertus"[541].

Pepin planned to divorce his wife, but was convinced otherwise by Pope Paul I in 762.

After the death of her husband, Bertrada assumed a prominent role in government. She tried unsuccessfully to reconcile her two sons, meeting with Carloman at Seltz and also travelling to Italy in 770[542].

The necrology of Argenteuil Priory records the death "IV Id Jul" of "Bertrada regina"[543].

m ([743/44]) PEPIN maior domus, son of CHARLES "Martel" maior domus of Austrasia and Neustria [Carolingian] & his first wife Chrothrudis (715-Saint-Denis 24 Sep 768, bur église de l'abbaye royale de Saint Denis).

He succeeded in 751 as PEPIN “le Bref” King of the Franks.

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Also called Bertha with the big feet or Bertha Broadfoot.

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Noteringar

Anorna fortsätter

www.american-pictures.com/genealogy/persons/per01913.htm#0

artursson.se/0002/2647.htm

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From http://www.rpi.edu/~holmes/Hobbies/Genealogy/ps04/ps04_335.htm

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Bertha is daughter of Count Canbert "of Laon." She was termed "Big-footed Bertha."

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bertrada_of_Laon

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Bertrada of Laon, also called Bertha Broadfoot, (720 – July 12, 783) was a Frankish queen. She was born in Laon, in today's Aisne, France, the daughter of Caribert of Laon. She married Pepin the Short, the son of the Frankish Mayor of the Palace Charles Martel, in 740, although the union was not canonically sanctioned until several years later. Eleven years later, in 751, Pepin and Bertrada became King and Queen of the Franks, following Pepin's successful coup against the Frankish Merovingian monarchs.

Bertrada and Pepin are known to have had four children, three sons and one daughter: of these, Charles (Charlemagne), Carloman, and Gisela survived to adulthood, whilst Pepin died in infancy. Charlemagne and Carloman would inherit the two halves of their father's kingdom when he died, and Gisela became a nun.

Bertrada lived at the court of her elder son Charles, and according to Einhard their relationship was excellent. She recommended he marry his first wife, Desiderata, a daughter of the Lombard king Desiderius, but he soon divorced her. Einhard claims this was the only episode that ever strained relations between mother and son. Bertrada lived with Charlemagne until her death in 783; the king buried her in Saint Denis Basilica with great honors.

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Bertrada of Laon, also called Bertha Broadfoot (cf. latin: Regina pede aucae i.e. the queen with the goose-foot) was a Frankish queen. She was born in Laon, in today's Aisne, France, the daughter of Caribert of Laon. She married Pepin the Short, the son of the Frankish Mayor of the Palace Charles Martel, in 740, although the union was not canonically sanctioned until several years later. Eleven years later, in 751, Pepin and Bertrada became King and Queen of the Franks, following Pepin's successful coup against the Frankish Merovingian monarchs.

Bertrada and Pepin are known to have had four children, three sons and one daughter: of these, our ancestor Charles (Charlemagne), Carloman, and Gisela survived to adulthood, while Pepin died in infancy. Charlemagne and Carloman would inherit the two halves of their father's kingdom when he died, and Gisela became a nun.

Bertrada lived at the court of her elder son Charles, and according to Einhard their relationship was excellent. She recommended he marry his first wife, Desiderata, a daughter of the Lombard king Desiderius, but he soon divorced her. Einhard claims this was the only episode that ever strained relations between mother and son. Bertrada lived with Charlemagne until her death in 783; the king buried her in Saint Denis Basilica with great honors.

See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bertrada_of_Laon for more information.

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Bertrada de Laon (* mayo de 720 en Laon - 18 de agosto de 783) en Choisy-au-Bac) era hija de Cariberto Hardrad, conde de Laon y de Gisela de Laon.[1] Se casó con Pipino el Breve, rey de Francia, en el 749, tras ser su concubina desde 741, y fueron padres de Carlos I el Grande, llamado Carlomagno, en 742, y de Carlomán I, en 747.

Era apodada "la del pie grande", apodo que proviene del hecho de que tenía un pie más grande que el otro.

Cuenta la leyenda que cuando Bertrada llegó a Francia para desposarse con el rey Pipino el Breve, cansada por el largo viaje decidió mandar a una de sus damas a presentarse ante el rey, haciéndose pasar por ella mientras descansaba. Cuando Berta quiso presentarse como princesa, se la acusó de impostora y fue condenada a muerte. Sus verdugos, conmovidos por su gran belleza, le perdonaron la vida. Gracias a la ayuda del anciano Simón trabajó como doncella en sus cabañas. Un día, el rey se fue de caza y reposó en la posada donde estaba Berta. Al verla, el rey Pipino quedó prendado de su belleza y ésta le confesó quién era y lo sucedido, por lo que se descubrió la verdad. Pipino mandó dar muerte a la dama impostora y se casó con Berta, amándola por siempre, pues era una mujer muy bella y piadosa.

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Familj med Pippin 'den lille' av Frankerna (715 - 768)

Barn:

Karl (Charlemagne) 'den store' av Frankerna (742 - 814)

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Källor

1)  Directory of Royal Genealogical Data, Hull, England 
 
 


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Bertrada of Laon, also called Bertha Broadfoot (cf. Latin: Regina pede aucae i.e. the queen with the goose-foot), (between 710 and 727 – July 12, 783) was a Frankish queen. She was born in Laon, in today's Aisne, France, the daughter of Caribert of Laon. She married Pepin the Short, the son of Charles Martel, the Frankish "Mayor of the Palace", in 740, although the union was not canonically sanctioned until several years later. Eleven years later, in 751, Pepin and Bertrada became King and Queen of the Franks, following Pepin's successful coup against the Frankish Merovingian monarchs.

Bertrada and Pepin are known to have had four children, three sons and one daughter: of these, Charles (Charlemagne), Carloman, and Gisela survived to adulthood, whilst Pepin died in infancy. Charlemagne and Carloman would inherit the two halves of their father's kingdom when he died, and Gisela became a nun.

Bertrada lived at the court of her elder son Charles, and according to Einhard their relationship was excellent. She recommended him to marry his first wife, Desiderata, a daughter of the Lombard king Desiderius, but he soon divorced her. Einhard claims this was the only episode that ever strained relations between mother and son. Bertrada lived with Charlemagne until her death in 783; the king buried her in Saint Denis Basilica with great honors.

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Reine des Francs

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Noter : Bertrada af Laon

Fra Wikipedia, den frie encyklopædi

Gå til:Billede:Basilica_di_saint_Denis_Berthe_Gravmæle for Bertrada af Laon i Klosterkirken Saint-Denis i Frankrig

Bertrada af Laon (maj 726 i Laon - 12. juli 783 i Choisy-au-Bac ) var dronning i Frankerriget 751 -768.

Hun var datter af grev Charibert de Laon og barnebarn af Bertrada den ældre , stifteren af benediktinerklostret i Prüm .

Biografi

Efter at have hørt Bertrada berømmet for dyder og kulturel dannelse gjorde Pipin den lille , major domus > i Frankerriget, hende til sin konkubine i 741, selv om han på dette tidspunkt allerede var gift og havde fem børn.[1] Hans første hustru var muligvis Leuthergis (født 715), der med Pipin havde følgende kendte børn: Talendus (født ca. 737) og Berthe (født ca. 739).[2] I 747 forstødte Pipin sin første hustru og sendte sine fem børn i kloster, hvorefter han giftede sig med Bertrada i 749 . Efter at have forstødt den frankiske konge Childerik 3. lod Pipin sig og Bertrada krone som konge og dronning over Frankerriget i 751 .

Bertrada var meget aktiv som dronning, hvor hun rådgav kongen og fulgte ham på krigstogter. Efter nogle år synes Pipin dog af nu uvisse årsager at ville forstøde hende, men paven modsatte sig. Ved Pipins død i 768 besteg begge hendes overlevende sønner Karl _den_store> og Karloman tronen, men Bertrada havde i begyndelsen stor indflydelse på dem. Efter sin død blev hun begravet i Klosterkirken Saint-Denis ved siden af sin mand.

Børn

Oplysninger om børn og deres skæbne er behæftet med en vis usikkerhed[3]

Karl (742/748-814), konge i Frankerriget 768, konge af Lombardiet 774 , kejser i 800

Rothaïde (ca. 744-?), begravet i kirken St. Arnulf i Metz

Adélaïde (ca. 746/759- 12. maj ?), nonne, begravet i kirken St. Arnulf i Metz

Gertrude (ca. 748-?)

Karloman (751-771), konge i frankerriget 768

Gilles (ca. 755-?)

Pipin (756-762)

Giséle (757-811), abbedisse ved klostret i Chelles i 788

Bertrada (?-?)

Billede:Luxembourg_-_Berthe_ou_BertradeStatue af Bertrada i Luxembourgparken i Paris

Eftermæle

Kendskabet til Bertrada af Laon beror mere på den karolingske sagakreds end på hendes faktiske liv. Heri er hun under navnet Bertrada med den store fod blevet smeltet sammen med gudinden Perchta . Også legenden om den hellige Genoveva af Brabant går tilbage til disse fortællinger.

Bertradasagaen er overleveret i ca. 20 udgaver, herunder:

Chroniques Saintongeoise fra første halvdel af det 13. århundrede

Berte aus grans piés, epos af Adenet le Roi fra ca. 1275

Berta da li pe grandi, fransk-italiensk versepos

I diverse folkebøger og prosaromaner fra Italien (Reali di Francia, ca. 1370 ), Frankrig og Tyskland I disse fortællinger bliver hun beskrevet som datter af Flore og Blanziflor og hun bliver næsten altid sat ud i skoven som en brud, hvor hun bliver ombyttet med en falsk Bertrada. Senere bliver den ægte Bertrada fundet igen og identificeret ved hjælp af fødderne, hvor den ene er større end den anden.

Senere bearbejdelser af stoffet findes hos:

Karls des Großen Geburt und Jugendjahre fra 1816 af Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué

Bertha, die Spinnerin fra 1845 af Karl Simrock

Die Königsmacherin fra 2005 af Martina Kempff , roman om Karl den stores mor.

Fodnoter

? Oplysninger om Pipins fem børn af første ægteskab stammer fra den franske wiki, men savner indtil videre nærmere kildeangivelse

Noter : Havde tilnavnet "med den store fod".

¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤

Pipin den lille

Fra Wikipedia, den frie encyklopædi

(Billede:Pippin_the_younger.jpg>Fantasiportræt af Pipin den lille. Maleri af Louis Félix Amiel <, bestilt af kong Louis Philippe. Sceptret med liljehovedet er symbol på den franske kongemagt.

Pipin den lille, også Pipin den yngre eller Pipin III (fr. Pépin le bref) (ca. 715 i Jupille nær Liège - 24. september 768 i Paris var frankisk konge . Han var søn af Karl Martell og Chrotrudis. Pipin var gift med Bertrada af Laon (Berta), datter af Charibert af Laon , og fik med hende to børn, hvoraf den ene var den senere kejser , Karl den Store .

Ved sin faders død i året 741 fik Pipin i sin egenskab af major domus styret over Neustrien , Burgund og Provence mens rigets tyske dele tilfaldt broderen Karloman < (ca. 706/716 - 17. juli eller august 754 ).

Sejre i krige mod akvitanere , alemannere og saksere befæstede hans stilling, og da Karloman 747 blev munk , samlede Pipin hele frankerriget i sin hånd. Han ville da også antage kongetitlen og med sine stormænds bifald indhentede han pave Zacharias 1.'s velsignelse til tronbestigelsen . Zacharias siges at have givet det kendte svar, at kongetitlen hellere burde tilhøre den, der havde magten, end den, der savnede kongemyndighed. Det var et verdenshistorisk øjeblik, da Pipin på en rigsforsamling i Soissons (751 eller 752 ) hyldedes som frankernes konge og den sidste merovinger indsattes i et kloster .

Til gengæld for pavens hjælp styrkede den nye konge pavestolen i to felttog mod langobarderne (755-756) og garanterede dens første verdslige besiddelser, hvorfor han er blevet kaldt Kirkestatens grundlægger. Af pave Stefan III fik han titlen Patricius romanorum . Også andre folk end langobarderne lærte Pipins styrke at kende: araberne tabte i 759 deres sidste besiddelser nord for Pyrenæerne , saksere og bayrere led nederlag, den urolige hertug Waifar af Akvitanien tabte efter en ni år lang krig både hertugdømmet og sit liv (768 ). Kong Pipin fandt tid til at organisere forvaltning og den almindelige orden i sit rige , og også videnskaberne beskæftigede ham sig med.

Børn

Karl den Store (742/748-814)

Karloman (751-771)

-------------------- Bertrada of Laon: From Wikipedia


Tomb of Bertrada of Laon and Pepin the Short, Saint Denis basilica.Bertrada of Laon, also called Bertha Broadfoot (cf. Latin: Regina pede ancae i.e. the queen with the goose-foot), (between 710 and 727 – July 12, 783) was a Frankish queen. She was born in Laon, in today's Aisne, France, the daughter of Caribert of Laon. She married Pepin the Short, the son of Charles Martel, the Frankish "Mayor of the Palace", in 740, although the union was not canonically sanctioned until several years later. Eleven years later, in 751, Pepin and Bertrada became King and Queen of the Franks, following Pepin's successful coup against the Frankish Merovingian monarchs.

Bertrada and Pepin are known to have had four children, three sons and one daughter: of these, Charles (Charlemagne), Carloman, and Gisela survived to adulthood, whilst Pepin died in infancy. Charlemagne and Carloman would inherit the two halves of their father's kingdom when he died, and Gisela became a nun.

Bertrada lived at the court of her elder son Charles, and according to Einhard their relationship was excellent. She recommended him to marry his first wife, Desiderata, a daughter of the Lombard king Desiderius, but he soon divorced her. Einhard claims this was the only episode that ever strained relations between mother and son. Bertrada lived with Charlemagne until her death in 783; the king buried her in Saint Denis Basilica with great honors.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bertrada_of_Laon

---------------------------- CHARLEMAGNE THE PIOUS AND PROLIFIC PROGENITOR By: Xenia Stanford Biography & Archived Articles Article Published December 23, 1999

Although a Christian should take only one wife even then, Charlemagne had four. He may have been married to only one at a time. However, he also kept five known mistresses throughout his marriages. Charles the Great sired at least eighteen children, only eight of whom were legitimate. He refused to let his daughters marry so he would not lose them but he allowed them numerous affairs out of which came several illegitimate children. In spite of this, he was a deeply devout man.

He was well versed in the scriptures and quoted chapter and verse to those who erred in their ways. He supported the Church through organization and funding but he was also very demanding of its behaviour. Many of his capitularies deal with how the clergy should act and how they should improve their morals. He expected much more of them than of himself. He expected celibacy at a time when even Popes were known for their debauchery. Nuns particularly were victims of his scathing attacks on their whoring.

He also demanded that the Church not tolerate image worship and superstition even though most of the religious hierarchy disagreed with him. He also blasted the clergy in one of his capitularies in 811 for the earthly possessiveness and cheating of their parishioners. He introduced tithing (one tenth of income) to counteract the Church's need against the Church's greed. Charlemagne himself left one-third of his estates to the Church.

Known to be ruthless in his evangelical efforts to bring Christianity to all (even to the beheading of those who refused to be baptized), he was honest and caring in his dealings with his earthly empire and strove to improve the preparation of himself and his subjects for the world beyond life. Years after his death, the Church ignored his worldly indiscretions and beatified him for his contributions.

CHARLEMAGNE - GREAT BOON TO GENEALOGISTS To this great man we also owe much in terms of genealogical records for he required the church to document baptisms, marriages and wills. Always one for standardization, he insisted the priests record these events diligently and consistently. This was at least the beginning of parish records. Though none have been found dating from this period, Charlemagne reinforced the importance of maintaining documentary evidence, which no doubt contributed to the earliest registers to be uncovered.

The oldest register found so far, which covers the cities of Givry in Saône and Loire (Saône-et-Loire) for the years1334 to 1357, was after the influence of the next great reformer King Louis IX, canonized as Saint Louis. However, Saint Louis definitely drew upon the practices established by his predecessor.

Charlemagne's own secretary Einhard kept a diary or record of the great man's life. Though often it seems exaggerated, it remains a way to understand history as it unfolded. Charlemagne was also the subject of much literature during his time and later, such as the poems of Theobold. In 814 he died at Aachen from pleurisy in the forty-seventh year of his reign with his son Louis already crowned as his successor. He was seventy-two years old but his legacy to history still lives on.

CHARLEMAGNE - ANCESTRY According to some the greatest of all rulers of Francia may not have been French at all. Charlemagne was believed to be mainly German as he was reputed to be blond and spoke German as his primary tongue. The difficulty is, even knowing as much as we know about Charlemagne, we know little about his ancestry and truly what mix of blood ran through his ancestors' veins.

Were the Merovingians French just because they arose from the Frankish people and the Carolingian rulers German? The Franks themselves were Germanic in origin and replaced the Celts who were the first known inhabitants of what is now France. Although the nations of France and Germany became dreaded enemies, I don't think we can separate them so categorically during or before the time of Charlemagne.

As explained in the past issues, Charlemagne arose from the line of chief administrators known as Mayors of the Palace who served under and later over the Merovingian kings. However, despite the hard efforts of genealogists the Carolingian lineage named for Charlemagne can only be truly documented as far back as his 3rd great grandfather. We know his grandfather Pepin d'Herstal or Pepin I (Pippin I to some historians) was the grandson of Pepin the Elder but the generation before and the generation between are unnamed in the histories found to date.

As we can see people, such as the rulers above, were distinguished by "nicknames". No one had surnames at the time and later historians named the dynastic lines after a significant ruler but naming people after some physical attribute, profession or characteristic was certainly prominent then. What is also significant is that many women's names were recorded as well. Thus we know that Pepin d'Herstal was married to a woman named Itta.

Pepin and Itta had three known children. One, a girl named Gertrude, became an abbess and was not known to have any offspring but the other two had descendants. Although the other daughter, Begga, was to produce the most significant heirs, initially the couple's only known son, Grimoald, gained his father's position and title of Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia after Pepin I's death about 639 or 640 AD.

Thus so far we have the following lineage: (See website for diagram)

Grimoald had a daughter Wulfetrude who became a well-known abbess. Although the actual paternity of another child called Childebert has been questioned, Grimoald claimed him as son and named him in 656 AD as the successor to King Sigebert of Neustria over Sigebert's son and heir Dagobert. Dagobert was exiled to Ireland but his supporters were so angered by the coup they captured and killed Grimoald soon after.

Childebert died in 662 but already the kingdom had been thrown into turmoil with the wars between Neustria and Austrasia and between the Merovingian heirs and the descendants of the powerful mayors. Although Grimoald had a grandson Childebrand whose parents' names are unknown, it was his nephew, son of sister Begga who regained the mayoral supremacy and the rule.

Begga married Ansegisel and produced a son, Pepin or Pippin named for her father. This Pepin (now called Pepin II) had children by at least two women. One of these women was his wife Plectrude and the other his mistress Alpaida.

He married Plectrude around 670 for her inheritance of substantial estates in the Moselle region. They produced at least two children and through them at least two significant grandchildren. These legitimate children and grandchildren claimed themselves to be Pepin's true successors and with the help of his widow Plectrude tried to maintain the position of Mayor of the Palace after their progenitor's death on December 16, 714.

The position of Mayor of the Palace had over the years become one of great significance and with the work of Pepin the Elder and his grandson Pepin d'Herstal it had become as important if not greater than the role of the king. Under Grimoald the land holdings and influence of the Mayor had increased. Pepin II was not satisfied with ruling only Austrasia, thus in 690 he also took over as Mayor of the Palace for Neustrian King Theuderic. Although the king still sat on the throne, the role and title of Mayor as well as Pepin's fortunes in land were inheritances to be coveted.

However, the son of Pepin II and his mistress Alpaida gained favour among the Austrasians and despite the efforts of Plectrude to silence her rival's child by imprisoning him, he became the one Mayor of the Palace and true ruler of Francia. This illegitimate son of Pepin II was Charles Martellus (the Hammer) or Charles Martel whose deeds have been explained in previous issues.

His descent from Begga is as follows: (see website for diagram)

Like his father, Charles had rival children from two unions, that of his wives: Rotrude and Swanachild. Charles had deposed both kings by 739 and began rule under the title of Princeps or Prince. In 740 he placed his two sons from his first marriage, Pepin III (aka Pepin Le Bref or the Short) and Carloman as the Mayors of the Palaces of Neustria and Austrasia respectively.

Grifo, the son of Charles and second wife Swanachild, was appointed ruler of Thuringia about the same time. However, after Charles death in 741, Grifo's half-brothers banished Swanachild to a convent and imprisoned Grifo.

In 746 Carloman, apparently the more militarily successful of the brothers, resigned as Mayor of Austrasia and went to Rome for monastic training. He placed the Mayoralty into the hands of his young son, Drogo, and asked the boy's uncle Pepin Le Bref to watch over him and the administration of Austrasia. Instead Pepin took over complete control about a year later and in 751 convinced the Pope to make him King of all Franks and his wife Bertrada the Queen. Drogo who continued to protest was thrown into prison by his uncle in 753.

Pepin Le Bref or Pepin the Short had two sons by Bertrada. Charles, the eldest, was born in 748 prior to his parent's marriage. In order to legitimize his son and ensure his succession rather than Drogo's, Pepin married Bertrada in 749. In 751 their second son Carloman (II to distinguish him from his uncle) was born.

After Pepin's death in 768 AD, his two sons split the kingdom once again. The older son Charles was given Austrasia and other lands. Carloman was given various regions but Neustria was not listed by name since it appears to have been divided between the two rather than given in totality to Carloman. This division did not last long as Carloman died on December 4, 771.

Thus the descent from Charles Martel is as follows: (see website for diagram)

It may be amazing to learn the deaths of these rulers were recorded accurately giving date and place of death and age at death. Fredegar, the historian, used church records from Saint-Denis to find the exact death dates of Pepin II and III as well as Carloman II.

No longer did historians have to live during the time for accurate information nor did they need to rely solely on word of mouth, legends or the writings of others. However, as stated under Charlemagne - Great Boon to Genealogists, we have seen that the records of the Church and of administration were soon to increase even more in frequency and accuracy due to the work of Carloman II's brother Charles, whom we know better as Charlemagne.

CHARLEMAGNE - DESCENDANCY Although Charlemagne's son and successor Louis I succeeded in keeping the kingdom together during his lifetime, after he died the empire was divided into three among his sons. The youngest, Charles "the Bald" became Emperor of France, another son, Louis "the German", was crowned King of Germany and Austria and the third, Lothaire, ruled Belgium. From these three Kings came the nations above that continue to exist today though the borders changed over the years.

From their descendants and those of the other many children of Charlemagne come countless numbers who are the progeny of this great man. These may be patriots of any of those three original nations but many can be found elsewhere in the world.

One of the lines for many North Americans descends through Catherine Baillon, a "fille de roi" who came to New France and married Pierre Miville. Baillon's descent from King Philippe II Auguste of France (a descendant of Charlemagne and wife Hildegard) has been carefully researched. The work has primarily been conducted by four genealogists who are all well-known for their past accurate and well-documented works. They are René Jetté, John P. DuLong, Roland-Yves Gagné, and Gail F. Moreau who have a website dedicated to the Baillon genealogy at http://www.habitant.org/baillon.

This foursome has obtained extensive and expensive documentation from original sources. So far they have written two articles, one in French and one in English, and are currently working on a book to share their findings with us. Although I have not read either article, I know all four through their prior works, contributions to lists and email correspondence. Therefore, I have no hesitation in recommending you read either of the two articles cited below:

René Jetté, John P. DuLong, Roland-Yves Gagné, and Gail F. Moreau. "De Catherine Baillon à Charlemagne." Mémoires de la Société généalogique canadienne-française 48 (Autumn), 1997: 190-216 (in French).

René Jetté, John P. DuLong, Roland-Yves Gagné, and Gail F. Moreau. "From Catherine Baillon to Charlemagne." _American-Canadian Genealogist_ 25:4 (Fall 1999): 170-200 (in English).

The latter may be obtained at $3.00 US plus $1.50 US for postage and handling (shipping on additional copies ordered at the same time is $.90 each) from the following address:

American-Canadian Genealogical Society Treasurer P. O. Box 6478 Manchester, NH 03108-6478

http://globalgenealogy.com/globalgazette/gazxs/gazxs46.htm ------------------

-------------------- Some sources, eg. World Book 2000, © 1999 IBM Corporation, suggest that Bertrada or Bertha was known as "Queen Goose-Foot" or "Goose-Footed Bertha", and is the original “Mother Goose”. -------------------- Barn:

Karl "den store" Charlemage (742 - 814)

Chrotais av Frankerna (745 - )

Carloman av Frankerna (751 - 771)

Gisela av Frankrike

Källor

1)  Jacob Holdts hemsida, USA 
 

-------------------- Bertha "Broadfoot" of Laon and Bertrada, was born about 720 in Laon, Aisne, France. She was the daughter of Caribert Count of Laon and Bertrada. About 740 Bertha, married Pépin "the Short" King of the Franks, son of Charles Martel Mayor of the Palace and Rotrou of Allemania.

Bertha was known as "Queen Goose-Foot" or "Goose-Footed Bertha", and is the original “Mother Goose”. Bertha died on Tuesday, 12 July 783.

Children of Bertha "Broadfoot" and Pépin "the Short" King of the Franks

◦Gisela, Abbess of Chelles
◦Pépin
◦Charlemagne Emperor of the West (2 Apr 747 - 28 Jan 814)
◦Carloman "the Younger" King of Burgundy (751 - 4 Dec 771)

-------------------- Leo: Caroli Magni Progenies, Neustadt an der Aisch, 1977 , Rösch, Siegfried, Reference: 53.

view all 56

Bertha Broadfoot of Laon, Queen of the Franks's Timeline

727
727
Laon, Département de l'Aisne, Picardie, France
740
740
Age 13
France
740
Age 13
742
April 2, 742
Age 15
Herstal, Walloon Region, Belgium

Charlemagne is believed to have been born in 742; however, several factors have led to a reconsideration of this date. First, the year 742 was calculated from his age given at death, rather than from attestation in primary sources. Another date is given in the Annales Petarienses, April 1, 747. In that year, April 1 was at Easter. The birth of an emperor at eastertime is a coincidence likely to provoke comment, but there was no such comment documented in 747, leading some to suspect that the Easter birthday was a pious fiction concocted as a way of honoring the Emperor. Other commentators weighing the primary records have suggested that his birth was one year later, in 748. At present, it is impossible to be certain of the date of the birth of Charlemagne. The best guesses include April 1, 747, after April 15, 747, or April 1, 748, in Herstal (where his father was born, a city close to Liège in modern day Belgium), the region from where both the Merovingian and Carolingian families originate. He went to live in his father's villa in Jupille when he was around seven, which caused Jupille to be listed as a possible place of birth in almost every history book. Other cities have been suggested, including, Prüm, Düren, Gauting and Aachen.

Charlemagne's birth-name, "Charles" was derived from his grandfather, Charles Martel. The name derives from "karl", a Germanic stem meaning "man" or "free man",[4] related to the English "churl". The earliest extant forms of Charlemagne's name are in the Latinate form, "Carolus" or "Karolus".

In many Slavic languages, the very word for "king" derives from Charles' Slavicised name.

--------------------
Aix-la-Chapelle was a palace. Aachen is located at what is now the German border, just where the boundaries of Belgium & the Netherlands meet.

743
743
Age 16
746
746
Age 19
LIEGE, HERISTAL, Belgium
748
748
Age 21
Aachen, Rhineland, Prussia (Germany)
750
750
Age 23
Austrasia, France
751
June 28, 751
Age 24
France
757
757
Age 30
Aachen, Rhineland, Prussia