Peter Chardon Brooks Adams (1848 - 1927) MP

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Birthdate:
Birthplace: Quincy, Norfolk, MA, United States
Death: Died in Boston, Suffolk, MA, United States
Managed by: R. Lee Stevens
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About Peter Chardon Brooks Adams

Brooks Adams (June 24, 1848, Quincy, Massachusetts - February 13, 1927, Boston), was an American historian and a critic of capitalism. He graduated from Harvard University in 1870 and studied at Harvard Law School in 1870 and 1871.

He believed that commercial civilizations rise and fall in predictable cycles. First, masses of people draw together in large population centers and engage in commercial activities. As their desire for wealth grows, they discard spiritual and creative values. Their greed leads to distrust and dishonesty, and eventually the society crumbles. In The Law of Civilisation and Decay (1895), Adams noted that as new population centers emerged in the west, centers of world trade shifted from Constantinople to Venice to Amsterdam to London. He predicted in America's Economic Supremacy (1900) that New York would become the world trade center.

Adams was a grandson of John Quincy Adams, a son of U.S. diplomat Charles Francis Adams, and brother to Henry Adams, philosopher, historian, and novelist, whose theories of history were influenced by his work.

[edit] Bibliography

   * The Emancipation of Massachusetts (1887)
   * The Gold Standard:An Historical Study (1894)
   * Law of Civilisation and Decay (1895)
   * America's Economic Supremacy (1900)
   * The New Empire (1902)
   * Theory of Social Revolutions (1913)

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Birth: Jun. 24, 1848

Death: Feb. 13, 1927

Historian, Author. The youngest child of American Diplomat and scholar Charles Francis Adams, he spent most of his childhood in England, returning to Boston Massachusetts to attend Harvard University (where he graduated in 1870). Over the next year, he served as his father's secretary abroad then later followed in the footsteps of his forbearers by going into the law. In 1881, after receiving a substantial inheritance from his mother's family, he was able to travel extensively abroad. During his travels he formed an active correspondence with his brother Henry Adams, and they each proved to be an inspiration for the other. The two shared a strong relationship and common philosophies of life that in some ways were a departure from the Adams' family legacy. In 1895, Adams published his "Law of Civilization and Decay" in which he related his theory of history that human societies differed among themselves in proportion as they were endowed by nature with energy, and that civilization follows exchanges, or commercial growth and decay. With these exchanges the center of civilization, particularly the economic aspects, moved ever westward. He later predicted in "America's Economic Supremacy" (1900) that that center of civilization would move to America with New York being the economic capital, and that within 50 years America and Russia would be the only two world powers. In "The New Empire" (1902) he discussed America as an economic power, and in "Theory of Social Revolutions" (1912) he attacked Capitalism and the ability of capitalists to govern. Aside from his writing and research, for seven years starting in 1904 he lectured at Boston University Law School. He was also elected a member of the Massachusetts constitutional convention in 1917. In his personal life, Adams struggled with his personal beliefs spending much of his life as an agnostic. Later, however, he returned to the faith as a regular member of the family church at Quincy, Massachusetts. Married in 1889, he had no children; with the absence of children in their lives, he was the last of his family to live in "Peacefield" the Adams' family home. Upon his death, the house and grounds reverted to the government to establish a memorial to the Adams family legacy. His grandfather was 6th United States President John Quincy Adams, and his great-grandfather was 2nd United States President John Adams. (bio by: Catharine)

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Brooks Adams (June 24, 1848, Quincy, Massachusetts - February 13, 1927, Boston), was an American historian and a critic of capitalism. He graduated from Harvard University in 1870 and studied at Harvard Law School in 1870 and 1871.

He believed that commercial civilizations rise and fall in predictable cycles. First, masses of people draw together in large population centers and engage in commercial activities. As their desire for wealth grows, they discard spiritual and creative values. Their greed leads to distrust and dishonesty, and eventually the society crumbles. In The Law of Civilisation and Decay (1895), Adams noted that as new population centers emerged in the west, centers of world trade shifted from Constantinople to Venice to Amsterdam to London. He predicted in America's Economic Supremacy (1900) that New York would become the world trade center. -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brooks_Adams

Peter Chardon Brooks Adams (June 24, 1848, Quincy, Massachusetts - February 13, 1927, Boston), was an American historian and a critic of capitalism. He graduated from Harvard University in 1870 and studied at Harvard Law School in 1870 and 1871.

He believed that commercial civilizations rise and fall in predictable cycles. First, masses of people draw together in large population centers and engage in commercial activities. As their desire for wealth grows, they discard spiritual and creative values. Their greed leads to distrust and dishonesty, and eventually the society crumbles. In The Law of Civilization and Decay (1895), Adams noted that as new population centers emerged in the west, centers of world trade shifted from Constantinople to Venice to Amsterdam to London. He predicted in America's Economic Supremacy (1900) that New York would become the world trade center.

Adams was a great-grandson of John Adams, a grandson of John Quincy Adams, the youngest son of U.S. diplomat Charles Francis Adams, and brother to Henry Brooks Adams, philosopher, historian, and novelist, whose theories of history were influenced by his work.

The 1900 US Census shows Brooks Adams as living in Quincy, Mass. The Census report also shows he married Evelyn Davis around 1890. The census does not show the couple having any children.

List of works:

The Emancipation of Massachusetts (1887)

The Gold Standard: An Historical Study (1894)

The Law of Civilization and Decay (1895)

America's Economic Supremacy (1900)

The New Empire (1902)

Theory of Social Revolutions (1913)

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Brooks Adams's Timeline

1848
June 24, 1848
Quincy, Norfolk, MA, United States
1889
September 7, 1889
Age 41
Nahant, Essex, Massachusetts, USA
1927
February 13, 1927
Age 78
Boston, Suffolk, MA, United States