Francis Eaton, "Mayflower" Passenger
|Birthplace:||St. Thomas Parish, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England|
|Death:||Died in Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts|
|Cause of death:||Epidemic|
|Place of Burial:||Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States|
Son of John Eaton and Dorothy Eaton
|Occupation:||Carpenter. One of the Mayflower Company in 1620.|
|Managed by:||Private User|
Historical records matching Francis Eaton, "Mayflower" Passenger
About Francis Eaton, "Mayflower" Passenger
A Mayflower passenger.
Baptism: 11 September 1596, St. Thomas, Bristol, Gloucester, England, son of John Eaton and Dorothy Smith.
1-Sarah, maiden name unknown, probably around 1617-1619.
2-Dorothy, maiden name unknown, before 1623 at Plymouth.
3-Christiana Penn, probably about 1625, Plymouth.
Death: between 25 October and 8 November 1633, Plymouth
Children by Sarah: Samuel.
Children by Christiana: Rachel, Benjamin, and a child whose name is not known but who was referred to as "an ideote."
Francis Eaton was baptized in 1596 in Bristol, Gloucester, England, the son of John and Dorothy (Smith) Eaton. Nearly all of Francis Eaton's siblings died in 1603/1604, apparently due to a sickness that had spread throughout the household. He and brother Samuel did survive; Francis would name his first son Samuel.
Francis took up the profession of a house carpenter. He married his first wife, Sarah, probably around 1619, and they had their first child Samuel about 1620. Francis, Sarah, and "sucking" child Samuel came on the Mayflower to Plymouth in 1620. Sarah died the first winter at Plymouth, and Francis then remarried to Dorothy, the maidservant of John Carver, sometime before 1623. John Carver had died in April 1621, and his wife Katherine died a few weeks later, so perhaps the marriage occurred not long thereafter. In the 1623 Division of Land at Plymouth, Francis Eaton received four shares: one for himself, one for his deceased first wife Sarah, one for Samuel, and one for his current wife Dorothy, all of whom came on the Mayflower.
Dorothy died sometime shortly thereafter: no children are known to have been born from their marriage. Francis then married, about 1626, to Christiana Penn, and they had three children together: Rachel, Benjamin, and a child that was called "an ideote" that was still living in 1651, but whose name has not survived.
Francis Eaton himself died in 1633, apparently suffering the same fate as his siblings in childhood, dying of a disease that spread through Plymouth that autumn. Francis Eaton's estate included one cow and a calf, two hogs, fifty bushels of corn, a black suit, a white hat and a black hat, boots, saws, hammers, an adze, square, augers, a chisel, boards, fishing lead, and some kitchen items.
Francis Eaton (baptized 11 September 1596-1633) was a passenger on the Mayflower and also a signer of the Mayflower Compact. He traveled from England with his first wife, Sarah, and their "sucking" child, Samuel. Unlike many of the Mayflower voyagers, the Eatons were never involved with the strict Protestants from the Leiden church, and their precise motivations in emigrating to America are not known.
Sarah Eaton died during the first, hard winter, and Francis remarried soon thereafter to a servant named “Dorothy”. Dorothy, herself, only survived for perhaps two or three years and Francis soon married his third and last wife, Christiana or Christian Penn.
Existing records indicate that Francis Eaton was a carpenter, specifically a "house carpenter" in the Bristol apprenticeship record of 1626. This would have certainly been an occupation in great demand as the colonists built needed structures of all sorts. He died young, though, in his late thirties, leaving four children, varying from about 13 years of age (Samuel) to perhaps 8 for Benjamin. Francis’ estate, not surprisingly, included many carpentry tools, as well as two hats, one white and one black. Francis Eaton was literate, at some level, and able to sign his name. This literacy may have been connected with his religion and the Protestant belief in the power of individual Biblical interpretation.
His widow Christian remarried to Francis Billington, son of John Billington.
From "History, Genealogical and Biographical, of the Eaton Families"
By Nellie Zada Rice Molyneux
Published by C.W. Bardeen, 1911
Original from the University of Wisconsin - Madison
Digitized Sep 7, 2007
DESCENDANTS OF FRANCIS EATON
Francis Eaton, carpenter, came in the Mayflower; signed the Compact; resided at Plymouth from 1633; wife, Sarah, came with him, with child Samuel, an infant; Rachel, b. before 1627; Benjamin, apprenticed 11th Feb. 1635, for 14 yrs., including 2 yrs. school
to Bridget Fuller, widow ; Samuel apprenticed for 7 yrs. Aug. 13, 1636, to John Cooke, jr.
His wife Sarah d and he m (2) ...... ; m (3) Christian Penn. He d and admin, was gr.
to Thomas Preence and John Done, Nov. 25, 1633. (Reg. IV. 34 and Col. Reg.)
Francis Eaton embarked on the Speedwell from Delfshaven. He is said to have been a
carpenter there. (Goodwin, Pilgrim Republic p. 32).
Francis Eaton sailed in the historic Mayflower Sept. 6, 1620, under the land division of 1623. His appointment as one of the Mayflower passesgers fell on the north side of the of the town with Edward Winslow, John Alden, and Leyden Captain Myles Standish.
The name of Francis Eaton is among those of "The Purchasers of Dartmouth 1660."
Francis Eaton, with his wife Sarah came in the Mayflower, bringing their infant son Samuel Eaton, then a suckling child. His wife d in the first sickness at Plymouth in the Spring of 1621. He m (2). (His 2nd wife he m in Plymouth and was probably Governor Carver's maid servant.) His 2nd wife d and he m (3) at Plymouth, in 1624-5, Christian Penn, who d at Marlborough about 1684. (She m (2) Francis Billington) By his third wife, Christian, he had three children.
He d between 4 and 18 Nov. 1633, and Admin, was gr. to Thomas Preence and John Done, Nov. 25,1633.(Reg. iv. 34 and Col.Reg.)
Issue by 1st wife :
(2) 1 Samuel b in England 1620; m Mar. 20, 1647, Elizabeth who d in 1661. He m (2) at Plymouth, Jan. 20, 1661, Martha Billington who d after Nov. 8, 1684.
(3) 2 Elizabeth
Issue by 3d wife :
(5) 4 Rachel b before 1627; m May 7,1646, Joseph Ramsen
(6) 5 Benjamin b 1ÖJ8; m (1) Sarah Hos- kins; m (2) Mary Sturtivant, July 7. 1726
(7) 6 Christopher
Note—"Francis Eaton had three children by his 3rd wife. One of them m and hath a child and the others are living but one of them is an Ideote. He died about 16 years ago."
Division of Cattle in 1627
The tenth lot fell to ffrancis Eaton & those Joyned with him his wife
2 Christian Eaton
(To this lott ffell an heyfer of the last year called the white belyd heyfer & two shee goates.)
An inventory of the goods & Chattles of ffr Eaton Carpenter of Plymouth as it was taken by James Hurst ffrances Cooke & Phineas Prat the 8th of Nov. & presented in Court upon Oath the 25th of the same
An 9 . Regni Dom, wri Carol &c—,
Imp'r one Cow 20 00 00
It one Cow calfe 12 00 00
It 2 young barrowe hoggs 01 00 00
It ffity bushels of corne 120 0
It one coach 01
It 1 Cloake 01 10 00'
It 1 balcke sute of cloathes 01 00 00
It 1 white hatt 00 08 00
It 1 black hatt 00 04 00
It 1 doublet 00 05 00
1 " 00 12 00
1 cushen 00 01 00
4 perter plates 00 12 00
1 cheese presse 00 01 00
1 chest 00 08 00
1 box 00 02 00
l Toole box 00 02 06
1 table 00 15 00
1 Cheese 00 13 00
1 old bedsteed & fforme 00 02 00
Francis Eaton was one of the Mayflower Company and a carpenter. The following copyrighted information was found at: http://members.aol.com/calebj/eaton.html Frances Eaton
The English ancestry of Francis Eaton was only recently discovered. In 1929, Charles E. Banks in his English Ancestry and Homes of the Pilgrim Fathers brought to light a Bristol apprenticeship document dated 4 December 1626, in which John Morgan son of Edward Morgan was apprenticed to Francis Eaton, carpenter, and his wife Dorothy. In the margin the document it says "The Mr at New England", and on the reverse it states John Morgan would receive 25 acres of land in New England and 15 bushels of wheat.In Mayflower Families for Five Generations: Francis Eaton (volume 1, updated in volume 9) and Plymouth Colony: Its History and Its People, this record was rejected as relating to Francis Eaton of the Mayflower because by 1626 Francis' wife was Christiana Penn, not somebody named Dorothy, and further the record says Eaton was "at New England" and "of Bristol", instead of being listed as "of Plymouth". The rejection of this record was challenged by myself on this web page in September 1995, and was again challenged by David Greene, editor of The American Genealogist in his review of Mayflower Families: Eaton (The American Genealogist, April 1996, p. 125-6). The reasons for our objection was that the Francis Eaton listed in the Bristol records is called a carpenter, as was the Francis Eaton of the Mayflower. And further, there are no records of any Francis Eaton in America by 1626, except for the Francis Eaton of the Mayflower. The slow travel of news could easily be the cause for the delayed information about the death of Francis Eaton's wife. In response, David Greene requested Neil D. Thompson, FASG, to search the parish registers of Bristol for information on the Francis Eaton in the apprentice record, to see if he was the Mayflower passenger. The results of the successful search were published in The American Genealogist, 72:301-309. The baptismal record of Francis Eaton of the Mayflower was discovered in the parish of St. Thomas, Bristol, on 11 September 1596, son of John Eaton. Two years earlier, the marriage of his parents were discovered: John Eaton and Dorothy Smith were married on 14 October 1594. Francis had other siblings as well: John (bp. 26 July 1595), Jane (bp. 20 January 1598/9), Samuel (bp. 8 November 1600), and Welthian (buried 20 March 1603/4). Francis' brother John died within three days of his baptism; and Jane, Samuel, and Welthian all died in March 1603/4 suggesting an illness wiped out the young children. The only brother Francis would remember would be Samuel--a significant find, since Francis Eaton of the Mayflower named his first son Samuel. Another record shows that in the 1615 will of Christopher Cary of Bristol, he gives to his eldest son "a garden ground, with a lodge in the same, in the parish of St. Phillip's, now in the occupation of Frances sic Eaton, house carpenter."
FRANCIS came in the Mayflower 1620, with wife Sarah, and son Samuel. He had a 2d wife by whom he had Rachel, m. Joseph Ramsden; and a 3d, Christian Penn, before 1627, by whom he had BENJAMIN, 1627.
FRANCIS EATON. Died at Plymouth, Mass., between 4 and 18 November, 1633. He married, first, Sarah, who died at Plymouth, Mass., early in 1621, but after 11 Jan. His second wife, whom he married at Plymouth, Mass., was probably Governor Carver's maid servant. He married, third, at Plymouth, Mass., in 1624, or 1625, Christian Penn, who died at Middleborough, Mass., about 1684. She had married, second, Francis2 Billington.
Was on the passenger list of 'the Mayflower' , age 24, with his first wife Sarah and their infant child. Sarah died in the first winter. Francis, a carpenter by trade, remarried to Dorothy, a maidservant. She died two years later & Francis married Christiana Penn in 1625 in Plymouth.Francis died in 1633 at the age of 37.
'Mayflower' passenger and 9th signer of the Mayflower Compact. Francis Eaton was baptized on 11 September 1596 at St. Thomas Church in Bristol, England.
Francis was a son of John Eaton and his wife Dorothy (Smith). He had younger siblings who were born after him – including Jane in 1598/9, Samuel in 1600 and Welthian in 1602, but all siblings died of a possible devastating illness in March 1603 which may have spread through the whole family. He was the only child of this family known to survive until adulthood. 
Eaton had become a house carpenter in Bristol by about age nineteen (c.1615) and was living in a tenement in the parish of St. Phillips, Bristol. Bristol records subsequent to 1615 do not list Francis Eaton, who may have left England for Holland, as Bradford lists him on the Mayflower passenger list section for Leiden congregation members.
Probably about 1618 or 1619 in England, Francis Eaton married a woman named Sarah, whose last name is unknown. There is no record in Bristol of his first marriage or of the birth of his son Samuel there, indicating the family may have lived elsewhere in England prior to boarding the Mayflower. Francis Eaton, his wife Sarah, with newborn son Samuel came on the Mayflower with William Bradford writing that Samuel “came over a sucking child.”
Bradford noted this family at that time: “Francis Eaton, and Sarah, his wife, and Samuell, their sone, a yong child.”
Francis Eaton was a carpenter by trade and Banks believes that he was the Mayflower ship’s carpenter, being in the employ of the Merchant Adventurers, financial supporters of the Mayflower venture.
Signing the Mayflower Compact 1620, a painting by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris 1899 The Mayflower departed Plymouth, England on 6/16 September 1620. The small, 100-foot ship had 102 passengers and a crew of about 30-40 in extremely cramped conditions. By the second month out, the ship was being buffeted by strong westerly gales, causing the ship‘s timbers to be badly shaken with caulking failing to keep out sea water, and with passengers, even in their berths, lying wet and ill. This, combined with a lack of proper rations and unsanitary conditions for several months, attributed to what would be fatal for many, especially the majority of women and children. On the way there were two deaths, a crew member and a passenger, but the worst was yet to come after arriving at their destination when, in the space of several months, almost half the passengers perished in cold, harsh, unfamiliar New England winter.
On 9/19 November 1620, after about 3 months at sea, including a month of delays in England, they spotted land, which was the Cape Cod Hook, now called Provincetown Harbor. And after several days of trying to get south to their planned destination of the Colony of Virginia, strong winter seas forced them to return to the harbor at Cape Cod hook, where they anchored on 11/21 November.
After arrival at Cape Cod, Francis Eaton was one of the men who signed the Mayflower Compact
He was a passenger on the Mayflower. He was a carpenter and was granted 80 acres in grant 1631 between Standish and Brewster.
Francis is among the more difficult lines. He apparently left no will, thus we include here information about Benjamin, Rachel and Samuel, the known surviving children. The recent Volume 9 of Francis Eaton Through Five Generations will undoubtedly assist researchers of this family. [MD2.2.115] Francis Eaton. Died at Plymouth, between March 25th 1633 (tax list) and 8 November, 1633 (estate inventory). He married, first, SARAH , who died at Plymouth, early in 1621, but after 11 January. His second wife, whom he married at Plymouth, was possibly Governor Carver's maid servant. He married, third, at Plymouth, in 1624 or 1625, Christian Penn, who died at Middleborough about 1684. She married, second, Francis2 BILLINGTON (John1). His children were Samuel, a child of Francis and 1st Sarah; Rachel, Benjamin, a child (idiot) unm. who died after 1651 by 3rd wife Christian Penn. [MD2.2.117] SAMUEL2 EATON. Son of FRANCIS and SARAH. Born in 1620. Died at Middleborough, in 1684, before 8 November. He married, first, before 20 March, 1647, Elizabeth —, who died before 1661. He married, second, at Plymouth, 20 January, 1661, Martha3 Billington (Francis2, John 1), who died after 8 November, 1684. [MB&D Rosser 1:442] There were two daughters of his first marriage, about which nothing is known. From his marriage to Martha Billington, he had children Sarah, Samuel and Mercy that are known. [MF5G:438+] Benjamin was apparenty born about 1627 and married Sarah Hoskins, daughter of William Hoskins and Sarah Cushman. Their children were Benjamin Eaton, William Eaton, Ebenezer Eaton, Rebecca Eaton, and possibly [MF5G:193] Experience Eaton. Rachel Eaton married Joseph RAMSDEN of Plymouth [Joseph Ramsden and Rachell Eaton marryed the second Day of march 1645 Plymouth Co. VR] .JOSEPH RAMSDEN of Plymouth was twice married, his first wife being Rachel, the daughter of Francis Eaton of the Mayflower. The second wife was Mary Savory. By his first wife he had a son Daniel, whom he called "eldest son" in 1674. No other child by either wife is named on the records. The two marriages and Daniel's birth are recorded as follows:
Joseph Ramsden and Rachell Eaton marryed the second Day of march 1645. [Court Orders, II: 125.]
Daniell Ramsden the sonne of Josepth Ramsden was born on the 14th of September [Births, Marriages and Burials, page 7, under the heading "1649 Plymouth Regester of the beirth of theire Children "]
Josepth Ramsden married to Mary Savory the 16 Day of october 1661 [B., M. & B., p. 26] Samuel2 Eaton Inventory and Estate Settlement. Transcribed from the Original Records, BY GEORGE ERNEST BOWMAN. [MD 2.3.172+] "The record of the settlement of the estate of Samuel2 Eaton (Francis1) of Middleboro, which is found in the Plymouth Colony Wills and Inventories, Volume IV, Part I, page 83, is most unsatisfactory, since the meagre facts it contains serve only to show that there are probably many descendants of Francis Eaton whose connection has never been suspected and may always remain unknown. Samuel Eaton married, first, before 1647, Elizabeth , who was living 5 (15) October, 1652, and Bradford's History states that she had one child living in 1651. She died before 1661, for Samuel married, second, on 10 (20) January, 1660 - 61, Martha3 Billington (Francis2, John1), who survived him. The record shows that the first wife must have had at least two daughters who had married and had children living when the estate was settled, and that at least one of these daughters was dead. No other construction can be put upon the statement "and the Children of the first wife to have the sume of twenty shillings a peece & such of them as are Dead the sume to be payed amonge theire Children." The record also proves that the surviving children by the second wife were a son and three unmarried daughters, the daughters all under age. The "Daughter provided for by her Grand father" must have been the one named in the deed dated 313 January 1663—64, in which Francis Billington conveyed land at Middleborough to Samuel and Martha Eaton (calling them his son-in-law and daughter) for their lifetime and then to their daughter Sarah." for the settleing of the estate of Samuell Eaton of Middlbery Deceased this Courts orders that the eldest shall have the house and Land that was Graunted to the said Eaton by the Towne of Middleberry after his mothers Decease ; the Daughter provided for by her Grand father ; and to have ten shillings att Marriage or when shee is of age the which first happens ; and the Children of the first wife to have the sume of twenty shillings a peece & such of them as are Dead the sume to be payed amonge theire Children and twenty shillings for the two youngest Children each to have theire prte att age or Marriage which shall first happen ; and the widdow to have the remaindr for her releiffe ; The Inventory of Samuel Eaton. An Inventory of the estate of Samuell Eaton of Middlbery Late Deceased exhibited to the Court held att Plymouth the 20th of October 1684 Item 3 Cowes 06 00 00Item a two yeer old heiffer 02 10 00Item a yeer old heiffer 01 00 00Item a yeer old heiffer 01 00 00Item 2 Colts 01 00 00Item a Mare 01 00 00Item a Mare 02 00 00Item a horse 01 10 00Item swine 02 02 00Item a prte in a Grindstone 00 3 00Item a Cart and whees and a yoke 01 00 00Item plow takeling axes & hoes a spade 2 sickles 01 00 00Item wheat and rye and fflax and Tobacco 02 03 00Item Indian Corn upon the Ground 05 00 00Item a Cannoo 00 05 00Item Cotton woole and sheeps woole 01 04 00Item Clothes and Armes 03 11 00Item beding 03 00 00Item potts & tramell and tonges a bridle & a saddle 00 08 00Item old lumber 00 10 00Item house and land Graunted by the Towne ofMiddlbery prised att 07 00 00prised by us John Allin the who(l)e is 37 11 00Nathaniel: Warren £ s dThe Debts Due from the estate to merchant lake of Boston 04 00 00for worke of his sonnes 02 10 00smale Debts 02 10 00
Copied from Ancestry.com Additional reading Volume9: Francis Eaton Through Five Generations 1996. 188pp