Samuel Eaton, "Mayflower" Passenger

Is your surname Eaton?

Research the Eaton family

Samuel Eaton, "Mayflower" Passenger's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Samuel Eaton

Birthplace: England (United Kingdom)
Death: before October 29, 1684
Middleboro, Plymouth Colony, Colonial America
Immediate Family:

Son of Francis Eaton, "Mayflower" Passenger and Sarah Eaton, "Mayflower" Passenger
Husband of Elizabeth Eaton and Martha Crossman
Father of Francis Eaton; John Eaton; Dau 2 Eaton; Eaton; Sarah Bumpasse and 3 others
Half brother of Rachel Ramsden; Benjamin Eaton; Christopher Eaton and Unknown "ideote child" Eaton

Managed by: Thomas Andrew Rounds
Last Updated:

About Samuel Eaton, "Mayflower" Passenger

Samuel Eaton

  • Born about 1620 in England
  • Died before 29 Oct 1684 in Middleboro, Plymouth Colony
  • Son of Francis Eaton and Sarah (Unknown) Eaton
  • Husband of Elizabeth (Unknown) Eaton — married before 10 Mar 1646 in Plymouth Colony
  • Husband of Martha (Billington) Crossman — married 10 Jan 1661 in Plymouth, Plymouth Colony


Samuel Eaton,[1] son of Francis and Sarah (Unknown) Eaton, born about 1620, was an infant, a suckling child, as a passenger on the Mayflower.[1][2]

His mother died the winter of 1621.[2] He was cared for by Elinor Billington, who is described as "plain but kind hearted", after his mother died, [3] and until the time of his father's second marriage, about 1622, to Dorothy.[4][5] Francis married a third time, about 1626, to Christian Penn and he died in Nov 1633.[5]

13 Aug 1636, Samuel Eaton, son of Fr. Eaton, late of Plymouth, deceased, with the consent of Christian, his mother-in-law, [ie. step-mother] bound himself apprentice to John Cooke, the younger, for seven years beginning Oct 1636. At the end of the term, John was to give him one suit of clothing, besides two others, one for ordinary wear and one for the Sabbath, also 12 bushels of indian corn, a 12 month old heifer and use of the spring. [6] [7]

10 March 1646, Samuel Eaton, of Duxborough, sold land to Love Brewster that had belonged to his father, Francis. His first wife Elizabeth ____ acknowledged the deed. [1] [8]

2 March 1651/2 Samuel Eaton was sentenced to sit in the stocks for pilfering and stealing.[9]

5 Oct 1652 Samuel Eaton, age 32 years or thereabouts deposed and Rachel Ramsden mentioned that she heard Goodwife Eaton say that Samuel and Christopher Winter had been together Monday last. [1] [9]

Samuel Eaton became a freeman, a voting member, of Plymouth Colony 1 June 1663.[1][10]

Later that same year, 17 Aug 1663, Samuel Eaton of Duxbury, sold all his lands and housing in Duxbury, to Josiah Standish. Samuel and Martha signed by mark.[1][11]

In 1670, Samuel was included in the list of Freeman residing in "Middleberry."[1][12]


Samuel Eaton was born probably in early 1620. He came on the Mayflower with his parents Francis and Sarah, and was referred to as a "sucking child". His mother died shortly after arrival, during the first winter at Plymouth. His father died in 1633, when he was just about 13 years old. A few years later at the age of 16 (in 1636), he was apprenticed to John Cooke for the period of 7 years. John Cooke had come on the Mayflower in 1620, as a 13-year old boy.

Around 1646 or sometime shortly before, he had married a woman named Elizabeth and was residing in Duxbury. Surprisingly little is known about this family: the identity of his wife Elizabeth has not been established; and they had two children, both of whose names are unknown. Elizabeth died at some time unknown, but obviously sometime before his 10 January 1660/1 marriage to Martha Billington. Martha was the daughter of Francis Billington, who had come on the Mayflower as a 14-year old boy. Together they had four children, Sarah, Samuel, Mercy, and Bethiah. Sometime during the 1660s, he moved his family from Duxbury to Middleboro. Samuel's probate estate inventory was taken on 29 October 1684 at Middleboro. His wife Martha survived him, and died sometime after 1704, probably in Connecticut. Martha remarried after Samuel’s death to Robert Crossman.


Children of Elizabeth unknown and Samuel Eaton:

  1. Unknown daughter b. bef. 1651
  2. Unknown daughter b. after March 1651

Children of Martha Billington and Samuel Eaton, born at Duxbury, Plymouth Colony:

  1. Sarah Eaton b. 3 Jan 1663/4, married Philip (Bumpas) Bump
  2. Samuel Eaton b. about 1663, married Elizabeth Fuller
  3. Mercy Eaton b. about 1665, married Samuel Fuller III
  4. Bethiah Eaton b. c 1668, married Joseph Bassett


Samuel died before the inventory of his estate in Middlebery was presented on 29 Oct 1684. It was valued at £37 11s, less about £8 in debts. The estate settlement indicated the eldest was to "have the house and Land that was granted to Eaton by the Towne of Middlberry after his mother's decease; the daughter provided for by her Gradnfather and to have ten shillings at marriage or when she is of age the which first happens; and the Children of the first wife to have the sum of twenty shillings apiece & such of them as are dead the sume be payed among their children; and the two youngest Children each to have their prte att age or Marriage ... ; and the widdow to have the remaindr for her releiffe."[1][13]

After Samuel's death, 4 Oct 1694, Martha Crossman, daughter of Francis Billington, quitclaimed land given, by her father, to her then husband Samuel Eaton and herself, and after their decease to their daughter Sarah now wife of Philip Bumpas. Phillip Bumpas would later, 9 June 1704, transfer all his estate, personal and real in Plainfield, Connecticut to his Mother (in law) Martha Crossman.[1]

Samuel Eaton died without a will, but we do have the inventory of his estate at the time of his death. An inventory of his estate was given to the Court on October 29, 1684. Click < here > for Samuel Eaton's inventory. His burial site is unknown.

From History of the Town of Middleboro by Thomas Weston (pub 1906)

Samuel Eaton was a son of Francis Eaton, a passenger in the Mayflower, a carpenter by trade, who moved from Plymouth to Duxbury, where he died in 1633, insolvent.

Samuel was born in England or Holland in 1620, and was one of the two passengers in the Mayflower who became residents of Middleboro. Governor Bradford, in the appendix of his " History of the Plimoth Plantation," in a note concerning Francis Eaton,

The Mayflower thus sPeaks of Samuel: " His sone Samuell who came over a suckling child is allso maried and hath a child." He was apprenticed for seven years to John Cook the younger. Before moving to Middleboro he resided for some time in Duxbury. He was a resident of the town before the breaking out of King Philip's War, and returned after its close. He was admitted as a freeman in 1670, and was among the purchasers of the town of Dartmouth in 1652, and of Bridgewater. In 1651 '"the court admonished Samuel Eaton and Goodwife Hall of Duxbury for mixed dancing." He died at Middleboro in 1684. His estate was appraised at thirty-seven pounds, eleven shillings. He was twice married; his second wife was Martha Billington, a daughter of Francis Billington; his son, Samuel Eaton, was one of the original members of the First Church, and married a daughter of the first pastor, Rev. Samuel Fuller.

Samuel Eaton was among the twenty-six men who purchased what became the First Precinct in "Middlebury" that is now Middleborough, Massachusetts of the Indian Sachem, Wampatuck, said purchase made in the month of March, 1662, and said Samuel Eaton also became one of the pioneer settlers of Middleborough. He is the son of Francis Eaton, who with his wife, Sarah, and his son, Samuel, constituted a part of the Pilgrim band who came to America and landed at Plymouth in the month of December, 1620, from the deck of the "Mayflower." Samuel, the son, was for a time settled in "Duxborough" now called Duxbury, and afterwoods arrived to Middleborough. Samuel, in 1661, married Martha Billington.


view all 18

Samuel Eaton, "Mayflower" Passenger's Timeline

England (United Kingdom)
August 1620
Age 1
Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA; Immigration: from Egland on the "Mayflower"
Duxbury, Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA