The Geni profiles included are of the passengers of the ship Mayflower, arrived at Provincetown Harbor, Plymouth Colony in what is now Massachusetts, United States, on 11 November 1620.
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MANY of the Mayflower passengers have only theory and speculation about their parentage. The origins of these theories may be as almost as old as the landing of the Mayflower itself, particularly attempts to associate the Pilgrim group of Leiden with European Royalty.
The geni tree will represent verified and authenticated fact to the best of our collective and collaborative ability yet show a tolerance, in discussions, for presenting cases and theories.
The truth that some 20-30 million Americans descended, in 400 years, from this small band of freedom seekers, is quite amazing enough.
Who should properly be included in the Pilgrim Company?
The question is almost wholly one of definition. Many lists have been drawn, some more inclusive than others. By the criteria I have chosen to use, which are as broad as they can reasonably be made, the company includes:
- all "saincts," "strangers," hired hands, and indentured servants who came on any of the Pilgrims ships--Mayflower, Fortune, Anne, Little James, Talbot, Handmaid, or second Mayflower;
- all members of the Green Gate congregation who came at any other time, either soon or late;
- those of the merchant adventurers who settled in the colony;
- all others who settled at Plymouth and were granted land there before 1631 (such as Phineas Pratt, a refugee from Wessagusset, and those who came with John Oldham "on their perticuler").
Saints and Strangers
Aboard the Mayflower were 44 religious Separatists, who called themselves the "Saints," and 66 others, whom the "Saints" called the "Strangers." So it was on Sept. 6, 1620, the "Saints" and "Strangers" set sail for the New World.
They sailed as part of a business venture but with overriding religious reasons. Contrary to conventional wisdom, the Separatists were not the same as the Puritans. Only about one-third of the original colonists were Separatists.
A strange group of religious dissenters called "Pilgrims" had fled England circa 1608 to escape persecution and had settled in Leyden, Holland. A decade later, distressed by the fact that their children were losing contact with their English traditions and unable to earn a decent living in Holland, they had decided to seek a place to live and worship as they pleased in the emptiness of the New World. They approached Sir Edwin Sandys seeking permission to establish a settlement within the London Company's jurisdiction; and Sandys, while not sympathetic to their religious views, appreciated their inherent worth and saw to it that their wish was granted. The Pilgrims boarded the Speedwell and sailed from Delfthaven, Holland. They joined with friends who had embarked on the Mayflower at Southhampton and sailed for the New World on August 6, 1620. However, the Speedwell leaked badly and both ships returned to Plymouth. Eventually, the Speedwell was sold and on September 6, 1620, the group of about a hundred set out on the Mayflower.
Had the Mayflower reached its intended destination in Virginia, the Pilgrims might well have been soon forgotten. However, they had been carried far out of their way, and the ship touched America on the desolate northern end of Cape Cod Bay. Unwilling to remain longer at the mercy of storm-tossed December seas, the settlers decided to remain. Since they were outside the jurisdiction of the London Company, the group claimed to be free of all governmental control. Therefore, before going ashore, the Pilgrims drew up the Mayflower Compact
Because of the storms, major repairs had to be made to the Mayflower en route. So John Alden, the carpenter, repaired the mainmast so they could continue the voyage. Since there was danger of fire, food had to be eaten cold and it fell to him as barrel maker to keep it fit to eat.
As it was, many passengers became sick and one person died by the time land was sighted on Nov. 10. Passengers spoke of many days on end where they were never dry, yet only one of their number died on the way.
In any event, a quarrel broke out between the factions on board. Just as today, the new worlders had disagreements, and this time it was between the Saints and the Strangers.
After land was sighted, a meeting was held and an agreement worked out between the two factions. The resulting document is, of course, the Mayflower Compact. That simple document would serve as an underpinning of later American documents like the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution.
A simple compact, or agreement, it has fewer words than Lincoln's Gettysburg Address. Nevertheless, its impact was just as profound. That compact between the Saints and the Strangers sealed the direction of the "new world." It guaranteed equality, equal standing, between the two factions: One would not have preference or be "more equal" than the other.
Thus it was that the first stirrings of an American kind of freedom was born. That simple compact came out of religious conscience and an appreciation for one God, but held each person as an individual and important to the whole. Saints and Strangers thus fixed on a common course. As a result, two factions were united, and Saints and Strangers became the "Pilgrims."
The Mayflower Compact
- an image of the original Mayflower Compact has been added to the Mayflower passenger profiles.
"We whose names are underwritten," the Compact ran, "do by these Presents, solemnly and mutually in the presence of God and one another covenant and combine ourselves into a civil Body Politick . . . and by Virtue hereof do enact . . . such just and equal Laws . . . as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the general Good of the Colony."
In this simple manner, ordinary people created a government. The Mayflower Compact reflected both the confidence of the Pilgrims in one another and the impact of the immense emptiness of the New World on generations of pioneers. Alone in the wilderness, people recognised their interdependence and came to appreciate the virtues of social and political organisations. This realisation had much to do with the development of American government and democracy.
Detailed below is a list of the passengers on board the Mayflower during its trans-Atlantic voyage of September 6 - November 9, 1620, the majority of them becoming the settlers of Plymouth Colony in what is now Massachusetts. Of the passengers, 37 were members of the separatist Leiden congregation seeking freedom of worship in the New World.
The Mayflower launched with 102 passengers, as well as at least two dogs. One baby was born during the trip and named Oceanus Hopkins. Another, Peregrine (meaning "wanderer") White, was born on the Mayflower in America on November 20, before the settlement at Plymouth. About half of these emigrants List of Mayflower passengers who died in the winter of 1620 - 1621|died in the first winter. Many Americans can trace their ancestry back to one or more of these individuals who, 'Saints' and 'Strangers' together, would become known as the Pilgrim Fathers|Pilgrims.
- The Journal of the Pilgrims at Plymouth, in New England in 1620: Reprinted from the Original Volume : with Historical and Local Illustrations of Providences, Principles, and Persons. New York: J. Wiley, 1848.
- available online: http://www.archive.org/details/journalofpilgrim00mouruoft
- Bradford, William, and Samuel E. Morison. Of Plymouth Plantation, 1620-1647. New York: Knopf, 1952. Print.
- available online: http://www.archive.org/details/historyofplymout02brad
- Robert Charles Anderson. Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-33 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2000.
- available online$: http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4714
- Pond Cove School, Cape Elizabeth, ME 4th graders story of the Pilgrims: http://home.surewest.net/moseley/pond/pondcove.html#anchor994220
- Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's "The Courtship of Myles Standish" in 9 parts: http://www.hwlongfellow.org/poems_poem.php?pid=186
- Mayflower Ancestors: Links
- Mayflower Families
- Mayflower History
- Pilgrim Hall
- Bradford's "Of Plimouth Plantation"
Master Profiles for passengers of the Mayflower
The geni list of "Mayflower" Passengers is based on Governor Bradford's first hand accounting, as published by Mayflower Families and extracted from Bradford's History of Plymouth Plantation (Of Plymouth Plantation), 1606-1646
Alden, John Born about 1599. Died at Duxbury, 12 September, 1687. He married, at Plymouth, before 1624, Priscilla Mullins. Ten children. Numerous descendants.
Allerton, Isaac Born about 1586. He died at New Haven, Conn., before 22 February, 1659. He married, first, at Leiden, 4 November, 1611, MARY NORRIS. He married, second, at Plymouth, between July, 1623, and 1 June, 1627, Fear2 Brewster (WILLIAM1), who died at presumably at Plymouth in 1634. He married, third, before 1644, Joanna Swinnerton, who survived him.
Allerton, Mary (Norris) Wife. Died at Plymouth, 7 March, 1621.
Bartholomew Allerton. Born at Leiden. He returned to England, married and had children there, and was living in 1650.
Allerton, Mary daughter. Born at Leiden abt. 1617. Died at Plymouth, MA, 28 November 1699, . She married, at Plymouth, about 1636, Thomas Cushman, who was born in February, 1608, and died at Plymouth, 22 December 1691.
Allerton, Remember daughter. Born about 1615, m. by 6 May 1635 Moses Maverick
Allerton, John Seaman on the Mayflower. Not known to be related to ISAAC. Died at Plymouth, between 11 January and 10 April, 1621. No known issue.
Billington, John Hanged at Plymouth, in September, 1630. He married by about 1607 ELEANOR—
Billington, Eleanor, wife. Died after 12 March, 1643. She had married, second, at Plymouth, in September, 1638, Gregory Armstrong, who died at Plymouth, 15 November, 1650.
Billington. John Jr. son, b. say 1604, d.Plymouth between 22 May, 1627 and September 1630, unmarried.
Billington, Francis son. b. about 1606; married Plymouth, July, 1634 Christian (Penn) Eaton, widow of Francis Eaton. He died December 1684, Middleboro, MA.
Bradford, William Bp. Austerfield, Yorkshire, 19 March, 1589/90., son of William and Alice (Hanson) Bradford. Died at Plymouth, May 9, 1657. He married, first, in Amsterdam, Holland, 10 December, 1613, DOROTHY MAY, . He married, second, at Plymouth, 24 August, 1623, Alice (Carpenter) Southworth (widow of Edward Southworth). 3 Children, William, Mercy, Joseph. She died Plymouth, 26, March 1670.
Bradford, Dorothy wife. She was born about 1597, and was accidentally drowned at Cape Cod Harbor, December, 1620. One child, John. m. Martha Bourne
Brewster, William Born in 1566 or 1567, prob. Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, son of William Brewster. Died at Duxbury, 10 April, 1644. He married, before 1593, MARY, surname unknown despite extensive research to date.
Brewster, Mary wife. Died at Plymouth, 17 April, 1627. Surname unknown.
Brewster, Love son B. about 1607-11. Died at Duxbury, late 1650 or early 1651. He married at Plymouth 15 May, 1634, Sarah2 Collier (William1)
Brewster, Wrestling son. Died, unmarried, between after 1627 and before 1651
Britteridge, Richard Bradford, as quoted by Prince says, "Dec 21 , dies Richard Britteridge, the first who dies in this harbour." Single, among the signers of the Mayflower Compact.
Browne, Peter Born by about 1600. Died at Plymouth, 1633. He married, first, at Plymouth, by 1626, Martha (—) Ford, who died at Plymouth, 1630 or 1631. Children Mary and Priscilla. He married, second, Mary _____ by 1631. Children: Rebecca, child -- name unknown, d. by 1647 Mary was also prob. dead by 1647as one of her daughters sells land without reference to widow's dower rights.
Button, William A youth, servant to Samuel Fuller who died as "they drew near the coast."
Carter, Robert Servant of William Mullens. "died the first winter." (Bradford)
Carver, John Governor at Plymouth until his sudden death in April, 1621. Born by about 1580-85. By 1609 was married to Catherine (White) Leggatt, daughter of Alexander White.
Carver, Katherine (Leggett)(White) Wife. She died Plymouth about five or six weeks after her husband. No known surviving children. Two possible unknown children buried Leiden.
Chilton, James Tailor. Born about 1556 probably at Canterbury, son of Lionel Chilton. Married by 1586. Died on the Mayflower, at Cape Cod Harbor, about 8 December, 1620. Another daughter Isabella came later and married Roger Chandler.
Chilton, Mrs. Wife. She died early in 1621, after 11 January. Neither her maiden nor surname are known..
Chilton, Mary Winslow Daughter. Baptised St. Peters's, Sandwich, May 1607. Died at Boston, shortly before 1 May, 1679. She married, at Plymouth, by 1 June, 1627, John Winslow, who was bp. at Droitwich, England, 18 April, 1597, son of Edward and Magdalen (Oliver) Winslow.
Clarke, Richard Died soon after arrival in the general sickness. Among the signers of the Mayflower Compact.
Cooke, Francis Born in or shortly after 1583, died Plymouth 7 April 1663. Married in Leiden 1603, Hester Mahieu, who followed later. Other children include a child buried in Leiden, unknown; Jane, Elizabeth, Jacob, Hester and Mary.
Cooke, John son Bp. Leiden 1607. Died at Dartmouth 23 November 1695. He married, at Plymouth, 28 March 1634, Sarah2 Warren (RICHARD1).
Cooper, Humility Born about 1619, and no more than about a year old when she sailed on the Mayflower and was included in the Edward Tilley family, along with Henry Sampson as "cousins." By 1651, she was sent "for into" England and according to Bradford, "died there." Unmarried.
Crackstone, John Died in the first mortality at Plymouth, between 11 January and 10 April, 1621. Married by about 1600, wife unknown, and probably dead by 1620 and perhaps considerably earlier. A child Anna was married in Leiden. He was among the signers of the Mayflower Compact.
Crackstone, John son Came with his father in 1620 and died at Plymouth about 1627, "having lost himself in the woods; his feet became frozen, which put him into a fever of which he died." [Bradford 442,445]
Edward Doty Nine children by his second wife, Faith.
Francis Eaton based on the birth of first child. and a baptismal record in Bristol, Gloucester, England. Died Plymouth late 1633. Married by 1620, Sarah ______, who came on the Mayflower and died early in 1621. Married second, about 1622, unidentified wife (thought to be the unnamed servant of John Carver). She died a year or two after. Married third, Christian Penn, passenger on the Anne, who married second Francis Billington, son of John Billington. Children by Eaton and Christian were Rachel, Benjamin, child, unnamed, an "idiot" living 1651.
Eaton, Sarah Wife. Died soon after arrival
English, Thomas Hired to "go master of a shallop." [Bradford] Died during the winter of 1620/1.Probably a young, unmarried man.
Fletcher , Moses Smith, born by about 1565. Died at Plymouth, early 1621 during the first winter. He married, first, in Maria (Mary) Evans, who died late 1613. He married, second, at Leiden, 21 December, 1613, Sarah (—) Dingby, widow of William. There is no further record of her. He had ten children by his first wife, but, according to Bradford, "left no posterity here."
Fuller, Edward Robert Died during the first winter. Bp. Redenhall, Norfolk, September 1575, son of Robert Fuller. Married, unknown, by about 1605. A son Matthew born about 1605 was not among those names included in the voyage, but married by about 1630 Francis ______, possibly in England. Matthew died 1678, Barnstable, MA. Edward was brother of Dr. Samuel Fuller.
Fuller, Mrs. ____ Wife. Maiden and Surname is unknown. Died during the first winter.
Fuller, Samuel son. Born about 1608, married April 1635 Jane Lothrop, daughter of Rev. John Lothrop.
Fuller, Samuel (Dr) Bp. Redenhall, Norfolk, January 1580, son of Robert Fuller. Married first, Alice Glascock, who died by 1613. Married second, Agnes Carpenter in Leiden, April 1613. She died by 1617. He married third, Bridget Lee, Leiden, May 27, 1617. Children by Bridget, include possible Bridget, born 1619; Mercy, b. after May 22, 1627, but no further record; and Samuel born about 1629. Dr. Fuller died between 9 August and 26 September, 1633, Plymouth.
Gardinar, Richard According to William Bradford, Richard became a seaman and died in England or at Sea. Died after 1623 as he was granted land in the Plymouth land division. He was among the signers of the Mayflower Compact. No known wife or children.
Goodman, John John is listed by Bradford as one of seven men who died soon after their arrival in the general sickness, however he (or perhaps someone in his behalf) was awarded land in the Plymouth land division. He was dead, however, by 1627 as he is not in the Cattle division of that year. No known descendants.
Holbeck, William Servant to William White and died soon after landing.
Hooke, John Died at Plymouth, early in 1621. A servant boy to Isaac Allerton.
Elizabeth Fisher, who predeceased her husband.
Hopkins, Elizabeth (Fisher) Wife. Died at Plymouth in the early 1640's
[Alan Michael Braverman and 16 April 1690, Eastham, MA. He married, 9 October, 1639, Katharine Wheldon
Hopkins, Constance Daughter by first marriage. Bp. 11 May 1606, Hursley, Hampshire, England. Married Plymouth by 1627 Nicholas Snow.
Hopkins, Damaris Daughter. Born about 1618, died probably before the birth of her sister in about 1628 of the same name
Hopkins, Oceanus Son. Born at sea aboard the Mayflower, died by 1627.
[Violet Kawai Leung, ELIZABETH2 TILLEY (JOHN1), who was born about 1607, and died at Swansea, 22 December, 1687, aged eighty. Ten children. Characterized by Bradford as a "lusty young man" and manservant to John Carver. He was nearly swept to his death during a severe storm on the passage.
Langmore, John Servant to Christopher Martin. Died during the first sickness.
Latham, William Servant to John Carver and after twenty years stay, according to Bradford went to England and from there to the Bahamas where he and others starved for want of food. There is no record of a marriage or children during his stay in the colony.
Leister, Edward Servant to Stephen Hopkins. According to Bradford, after his liberty, he went to Virginia, and there died. No known descendants.
Margesson, Edmund Died soon after arrival. No known descendants.
Martin, Mary (Prower) Wife. Died during the first winter
Minter, Desire Came in the household of John Carver. Bradford says "Desire Minter returned to her friend and proved not very well and died in England. No known husband or children.
More, Ellen "A litle girle." Sister of JASPER. Died at Plymouth, early in 1621, after 11 January. These four children were the children of Samuel More, of Royal descent and his wife, a first cousin, Catherine, but discovered by Samuel to be the illegitimate children of his wife's lover. After a difficult divorce, Samuel put them in the care of John Carver and Robert Cushman who were to maintain them for seven years and provide them with fifty acres of land. Sadly, only Richard More survived. Ellen was put to the family of Edward Winslow. See New England Historical Register, 114:163-68, 124:86-87 for an account of this family by Sir Anthony Richard Wagner.
More, Jasper Brother "A litle boy." Died on the Mayflower, at Cape Cod Harbor, 16 December, 1620. He was put to the Carver family
More, Mary Sister. Died at Plymouth, early in 1621, after 11 January. Bradford calls this child brother to Richard, but it is felt he may have erred as court records for Samuel and Catherine specifically name the children and include Mary. In any event the child did not survive the first winter.
[Amos Eagle Elliston, in which he mentions his wife Alice, daughter Priscilla, son Joseph, and married children William and Sarah who were still in Dorking at the time.
Mullins, Alice Wife. Died early in 1621, after 2 April.
Mullins, Priscilla Daughter. Born about 1603. Married John Alden by about 1623.
Mullins, Joseph Son. Born about 1596. Died at Plymouth, early in 1621, after 2 April.
[Amos Eagle Elliston. He married, at Leiden, 4 November, 1611, Sarah (Allerton) Vincent (the widow of John Vincent). She was sister to Isaac Allerton and came afterward with two children Mary, who m. Phineas Pratt and Sarah, who m. John Coombs.
Prower, Solomon Died at Plymouth during the first winter. As he came with the family of Chistopher and Mary Prower Martin, it has been speculated that he was related to her in some way, perhaps a son by a former marriage or a nephew. No known descendants.
Rigsdale, John Died during the first winter
Rigsdale, Alice, wife Died during the first winter
Rogers, Thomas Birth by about 1572, son of William and Eleanor (____) Rogers of Watford, Northamptonshire. He died in Plymouth, soon after arrival, although his son Joseph, the only of his children to come with him, survived. Bradford notes that "his other children came afterwards," but of those only John Rogers is known to have arrived. Thomas married 24 October 1597, Watford, Northamptonshire, Alice Cosford, daughter of George Cosford. A 1622 Poll Tax for Leiden, Holland shows the surviving widow and children living there in 1622. Children (all bp. Watford, Northamptonshire): Thomas, died as infant; poss. Richard, died as infant; Joseph, see below; John, bp. 6 April 1606, m. Plymouth, 16 April 1639, Anna Churchman; Elizabeth, bp 26 December 1609, living in Leiden, 1622, no further record; Margaret, bp. 30 May 1613, living at Leiden 1622, no further record.
Soule, George Died at Duxbury, bet 20 Sept 1677 when he made a codicil to his will and 22 January 1679/80 when his inventory was taken.. He married at Plymouth, before 1627 when she is included in the Plymouth division of cattle, Mary Buckett, who died at Duxbury about December, 1672. Her surname is a deduction of writers by way of the argument that she was the only available Mary in Plymouth at that time.[TGM 3:1706]
[Amos Eagle Elliston. He m. 2nd Barbara ______ who d. after 6 Oct 1659. Seven children
Standish, Rose wife Died early in 1620/1
Story, Elias, servant to John Winslow, died soon after arrival
Thompson, Edward, servant to William White, died soon after landing
Tilley, Edward of Henlow, Bedfordshire, England, was bp. there 27 May, 1588 as Edmond, son of Robert and Elizabeth (_____) Tilley. TGM 3:1819 citing TAG 52:203. In Bradford's Passenger List he includes Edward Tillie, and Ann his wife. Both died soon after arrival.
Tilley, Ann wife Died soon after arrival
Tilley, John Brother to Edward was bp. Henlow, Bedfordshire, England, 19 Dec 1571. He m. in Henlow 20 Sept 1596 Joan (Hurst) Rogers. She had married 1st Thomas Rogers. Of five children: Rose, John, Rose again, Robert and Elizabeth, only Elizabeth who is known to have descendants. Of the others there is no further record.
Tilley, Joan (Hurst)(Rogers) wife Died soon after arrival
Tilley, Elizabeth, daughter, bp. Henlow, Bedfordshire, England, 30 Aug 1607. She m. about 1625 John Howland. See Howland.
Tinker, Thomas Died in the first sickness
Tinker, Mrs. Thomas, wife Died in the first sickness
son Died in the first sickness
Turner, John Died in the first sickness. His wife's name is unknown and she did not come over. A daughter Elizabeth, who remains a mystery, was, according to Bradford  living in Salem, coming some years after. Thus she was alive in 1650/1 at the writing of Bradford's list.
son Died in the first sickness
son Died in the first sickness
Warren, Richard died Plymouth, 1628. He m. by about 1609, Elizabeth _____. She d. Plymouth in October 1673. Bradford says "mr Richard Warren, but his wife and children were lefte behind and came afterwards." Seven children
White, William Died soon after arrival at Plymouth. He. m. about 1615 Susanna ______. Two children from her marriage to William White. Their second son Peregrine was born 4 December 20 aboard the Mayflower and m. Sarah Bassett, dau. of William Bassett
White, Susanna wife, She married 2nd Plymouth 12 May 1621 Edward Winslow.
White, Peregrine was born 4 December 20 aboard the Mayflower and m. Sarah Bassett, dau. of William Bassett
White, Resolved son b. abt 1615, m. Scituate 8 April 1640, Judith Vassall, dau. of William Vassall.
Wilder, Roger A servant to John Carver who died early. No known issue. Bradford says: "mr Carver and his wife, dyed the first year, he in ye spring, she in ye somer; also his man Roger . . ."
Williams, Thomas Among the signers of the Mayflower Compact. Died soon after arrival in the general sickness.
Winslow, Edward bp. Droitwich, Worcestershire, England 20 October 1595, son of Edward and Magdalen (Oliver) Winslow. Died at sea 8 May 1655. He married second (Sus)anna (?Fuller) Winslow 12 May, 1621
Winslow, Gilbert Brother to Edward, bp. Droitwich, Worcestershire, England, 29 Oct 1600. There is no marriage nor any children recorded for Gilbert. Bradford says: "Gilbert Winslow after diverse years aboad here, returned into England and dyed ther."
Unnamed maidservant of John Carver Bradford's Passenger List: mr John Carver. Kathrine his wife. Desire Minter; & 2 man-servants John Howland Roger Wilder. William Latham, a boy& a maid servant. & a child yt was put to him called, Jasper More. She is deduced by some to be the second, unnamed wife of Francis Eaton.
The Geni Master Profile
For consistency, please make sure the name fields of Master Profiles are first name, middle name, last name, birth name if known, otherwise blank. In the display name field only add "Mayflower" Passenger to the end of the name, any title such as Gov. or Dr. preceding.
FN Samuel MN (blank) LN Fuller BN (blank) Display name is Dr. Samuel Fuller, "Mayflower" Passenger
The United States did not exist ca. 1620, nor did the UK. For consistency, please use the place names of England and Massachusetts. Colonial America can be used for the Country detail field.