About James Bradley
NAME: JAMES BRADLEY .........( First Fleet Convict)
SURNAME: Bradley * GIVEN NAMES: James *SEX: M
BIRTH: : 1764,London, England
DEATH: 1838, Kissing Point, Sydney, NSW, Australia age (74)
- FATHER: unkown
- MOTHER: unkown
MARRIAGE: Sarah BARNES b: 1775 England ( First Fleet Convict)
MARRIED: 12 AUG 1792 ,Parramatta , Australia
1...M...James BRADLEY b: 1792-1793 age (1 )
2...M...James Joseph BRADLEY b 1795
3...F...Lucy BRADLEY b 1796
4...F...Sarah Elizabeth BRADLEY b 1799;
5...M...George BRADLEY b: 1801 – 1829 age (28)
6...M...Thomas BRADLEY b :1803;
7...M...John BRADLEY b :1806
8...M...Job Joseph BRADLEY b :1809
9...F...Rachel Rebecca BRADLEY b: 1811
10...F..Isabella BRADLEY b: 1813
See TIMELINE for IGI ancestral Records
See MEDIA for information Sources
- 8 June 1785 James Bradley ( late of the Liberty of the Rolls - Chancery Lane) but it was in Kensington that he stole a "white linen handkerchief with a purple border of the value of two shillings" from Robert Thornton
- around 1785 , James Bradley had been convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing a handkerchief valued at 1-2 shillings
- 29 June At the Old Bailey on he was sentenced to seven years transportation and sent, age given as 21, to the Ceres hulk
- 13 January 1787 he was transferred to the Juliana hulk and thence to Portsmouth for embarkation on Scarborough on 27 February 1787
- 13th May 1787, The ship left Plymouth, England on and arrived at Sydney Cove eight months later on 26th January 1788. Her master was John Marshall, and the surgeon was Dennis Considen
- James Bradley arrived as a convict on the First Fleet on the ‘Scarborough’ which carried 208 male convicts. . She was on charter to British Government as a transport, to convey convicts to Botany Bay, New South Wales. She was under the command of Capt. John Marshall
- 23rd April 1789 James Bradley was given 25 lashes for insolence to a sentry but, overall, he was said to have behaved in a ‘tolerably decent and orderly manner’
- 20 January 1788- The Scarborough arrived at Botany Bay , but the bay was deemed unsuitable for settlement
- 26 January 1788, the Fleet moved on to Sydney Cove, in Port Jackson
- By the beginning of 1789 food stocks were extremely low, the first crops having failed and relief ships having foundered. Governor Phillip put the entire colony on strict rations but thefts were endemic.
- 1792 - James married Sarah Barnes. (Sarah Barnes was also a convict and had been convicted in the same court in 1790, as a 14-year old, of stealing 8 quart pewter pots valued at 8 shillings and 5 pint pewter pots valued at 2 shillings from ‘The Plough’ Pub in Bloomsbury.) She arrived in Sydney on the 9th of July 1791 after 5 months at sea on the ‘Mary Ann’, which had sailed alone just ahead of the Third Fleet. Nine of the 155 convicts on the voyage died at sea
- 1794 - James Bradley’s sentence expired
- 20th February 1794, he received a land grant of 30 acres at the Eastern Farms, Hunter’s Hill near Kissing Point on the Paramatta River (the area is now known as Putney)
- 5th September 1821 - he was granted an Absolute Pardon on by Governor Macquarie – some 33 years after his arrival in Australia. It appears that by this time he was highly regarded in the Wesleyan Church as a preacher and Sunday-School teacher – and that he fell foul of the Anglican cleric Samuel Marsden as a consequence of attracting children away from the church
- 1798 he gave evidence to a Government Inquiry on the problems faced by small farmers
- According to the 1800 Census, he had two and a half acres in wheat and 5 acres in maize
- By the next year, he had cleared a total of 15 acres, possessed 3 hogs and had 20 bushels of maize in store
- 1828 - recorded as still living on his farm in 1828
- '1838 - James Bradley died at Kissing Point on 16th February 1838 and is buried in what became St. Anne’s church cemetery Ryde NSW.
NB: It is clear from other colonial records that the Scarborough James Bradley was the man who lived to reach NSW (see James Bradley, Alexander). Records show....The first burial was James Bradley on board the Alexander on 3 February 1787.
The Proceedings of the Old Bailey Ref: t17840526-74 26th May 1784
592. JAMES BRADLEY was indicted for stealing, on the 11th of May, one linen handkerchief, value 1s. the property of John Hughes.
JOHN HUGHES sworn.
I lost my handkerchief on the 11th of May, the next witness saw it taken, I did not perceive any body take it; I followed the prisoner, and saw him drop my handkerchief; he was taken directly.
JOHN SUTTON sworn.
I saw the prisoner pick the prosecutor's pocket, and I told him of it.
Prisoner. I have nothing to say.
The prisoner called two witnesses to his character.
Transported for seven years.
Tried by the London Jury before Mr. Recorder.
James spent time on the Ceres and Jushita hulks before embarkation on the Scarborough with the First Fleet arrived 26 Jan 1788.
At Port Jackson Bradley did not escape the usual difficulties of convicts in the early days when provisions in short supply meant drastic punishment for thieves, and strict discipline usually brought immediate punishment for disobedience or insolence, Bradley suffered 25 lashes for insolence to a sentinel on 23rd February 1789. Nevertheless, as the superintendent of the Dunkirk hulk might have said, he behaved in a "tolerably decent and orderly manner; in the years before his term expired.
At Parramatta on 12th August 1792, Bradley married Sarah Barnes a third fleet convict who arrived on the Mary Ann in 1791. Less than two years later, on 20th February 1794, he received a 30-acre grant at Eastern Farms. Here Bradley raised a family, and spoke at the inquiry instituted in 1798 to examine the grievances of small farmers. He was particularly incensed against the commissary, James Williamson, who had been hounding them for small debts. "He had been obliged to kill four pigs, "wrote Bradley," ... [had] paid him this Season 40 Bushels of Wheat" without ever having been able to get a clear account from him.
By 1800 he owned six pigs, a ewe and two lambs with two and a half acres of his grant sown in wheat and five ready for planting maize. The household, comprising Bradley, his wife and three children was supported from public stores. Two years later he had 15 acres cleared of which one was sown in wheat and seven ready for maize. He owned three hogs and the household, by now including four children, was off stores, with 20 bushels of maize in hand.
In 1806 Bradley had four acres in wheat and four in maize; the remainder of his land was pasture or fallow except for a half acre orchard and garden. With six hogs and 15 bushels of wheat in hand the household (Bradley, his wife, six children and one convict) was self supporting. He continued to hold his land through following years, and in 1828 with 20 acres cleared and five cultivated, still with Sarah, he gave his age as 64. He died at Kissing Point and buried at what became St. Anne's, Ryde.
He became a successful farmer, able by 1806 to support his wife, six children and one convict. Three more children were born to the Bradleys and in 1828 he had 20 acres cleared and five cultivated. He continued to live on his farm with Sarah til his death on 16th February 1838, aged 73 years. He was buried at St. Anne's, Ryde.
SACRED TO THE MEMORY
WHO DEPARTED THIS LIFE
WHO DEPARTED THIS LIFE
ON THE 16TH DAY OF FEBRUARY 1838
AGED 74 YEARS
IGI RECORDS from The Church of the Latterday Saints - familysearch.org
James Bradley's Timeline
May 13, 1787
- January 26, 1788
This Blog Linked From Here The Web
A TIMELINE TO SOME FIRST FLEETERS AND COLOURFUL FAMILY HISTORY
On 13 May 1839 Jane McManus who was 20 years old (and who had been born in Paramatta, New South Wales) married James Johnson in St John’s Church, Paramatta. James who was 26 years old had been born in England. It is probable that he arrived in Australia as a free settler in 1824 aged 12, accompanying his mother Sarah who was a servant to Thomas Clarkson. In the 1828 NSW census, he was listed as a carpenter’s apprentice.
In 1845 James and Jane moved to Auckland where he was employed as a cabinet maker by David Nathan.
The Johnsons went on to have 6 children, one of whom Lucy Catherine Johnson (1851 – 1921) married Robert Cossey Pidgeon (born 1836, Kenton, Devon – died Mangapai, NZ 1910). In the succeeding generation, Charlotte (1878 – 1914) one of the daughters of Lucy and Robert married Frank Clifford Smith (1873 – 1952) – and their daughter Mabel Eliza Smith (1906 – 1960) went on to marry Harold Thompson Joll in Northland, New Zealand in 1930. Harold and Mabel Joll are among the maternal great grandparents of my older sons Matthew and Peter Johnson.
But setting aside the regular cascade of worthy NZ ancestors from the 1850s, there is some much more interesting Australian family history associated with Jane McManus.
It starts though with Jane’s law abiding father James McManus Jr. (born Paramatta 1794) who married Lucy Bradley on 7th April 1814. James was a Police Magistrate in Bathurst where he apparently caught a highwayman / bushranger showing considerable bravery. He ultimately spent the last 10 years of his relatively short life in Paramatta Asylum but Lucy died at the age of 81 in November 1871 at Meadow Flat, NSW.
Going back a further generation things become more altogether aristocratic from an Australasian stance.
We find that James’ father James McManus Sr. narrowly avoided conviction for theft in 1790 even though he had arrived in Australia with the First Fleet on the ‘Sirius’ as a Private in the Marines. During his guard duties on board, he appears to have formed a relationship with the mother of his children Jane Poole. Jane had been convicted of stealing a silver watch and other goods valued at 15 shillings in Wells, Somerset in 1786 – and had been transported after her death sentence had been commuted.
Nor can we count Lucy Bradley’s family as aspiring angels. Both Lucy’s father James Bradley (1764 – 1838) and her mother Sarah Barnes (1775 – 1853) were also convicts. James Bradley had been convicted at the Old Bailey of stealing a handkerchief valued at 1-2 shillings around 1785.
And Sarah Barnes had been convicted in the same court in 1790, as a 14-year old, of stealing 8 quart pewter pots valued at 8 shillings and 5 pint pewter pots valued at 2 shillings from ‘The Plough’ Pub in Bloomsbury.
Drawing on the information that has been handed on to me by the Joll family, I’ll summarize what is known about the roles that the family members played in the early history of New South Wales.
JAMES BRADLEY AND SARAH BARNES
James Bradley arrived as a convict on the First Fleet on the ‘Scarborough’ which carried 208 male convicts. The ship left England on 13th May 1787 and arrived at Sydney Cove eight months later on 26th January 1788. Her master was John Marshall, and the surgeon was Dennis Considen.
August 12, 1792
Parramatta, NSW, Australia
James and Sarah were married in 1792 and they had 10 children
Pedigree Resource File
marriage: 12 August 1792 St. John's, Parramatta, N.S.W.
James Bradley’s sentence expired in 1794
James received a land grant of 30 acres at Eastern Farms, Hunter’s Hill near Kissing Point on the Paramatta River (the area is now known as Putney)
May 15, 1795
Eastern farms, Australia
November 24, 1796
Eastern Farms, New South Wales, Australia
Pedigree Resource File
child 2:Maria /BOLTON/
March 2, 1799
Kissing Point, Ryde, Nsw, Australia
According to the 1800 Census, he had two and a half acres in wheat and 5 acres in maize.
By the next year, he had cleared a total of 15 acres, possessed 3 hogs and had 20 bushels of maize in store