John Tyler, IV (1790 - 1862) MP

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John Tyler, 10th President of the USA's Geni Profile

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Nicknames: "His Accidency"
Birthplace: Greenway, Charles City County, Virginia, United States
Death: Died in Richmond, Virginia, United States
Occupation: Lawyer; Gov of VA; President of U.S., 10th President of the USA, 10th President of the United States, President of the United States, 10th US President 1841-1845, President of the United States (1841-1845).
Managed by: Douglas Loren Hokenstad
Last Updated:

About John Tyler, IV

John TYLER (10th President of the USA) was born on 29 Mar 1790 in Greenway, Charles City County, Virginia. He served as as President of the United States from 1841 to 1845. He died on 17 Jan 1862 in Richmond, Richmond County, Virginia. He was buried in Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia. Parents: John TYLER and Mary Marot ARMISTEAD.

Spouse: Letitia CHRISTIAN. John TYLER (10th President of the USA) and Letitia CHRISTIAN were married on 29 Mar 1813 in Cedar Grove, New Kent County, Virginia. Children were: Mary TYLER, Robert TYLER, John TYLER, Letitia TYLER, Elizabeth TYLER, Ann Contesse TYLER, Alice TYLER, Tazewell TYLER.

Spouse: Julia GARDINER. John TYLER (10th President of the USA) and Julia GARDINER were married on 26 Jun 1844 in The Church of Ascension, New York, New York County, New York. Children were: Gardiner David TYLER, John Alexander TYLER, Julia Gardiner TYLER, Lachlan TYLER M. D., Lyon Gardiner TYLER, Robert Fitzwalter TYLER, Pearl TYLER.


John Tyler was born the son of John Tyler, Sr. (1747-1813) and Mary Armistead (1761-1797), in Charles City County, Virginia, as the second of eight children, and reputedly a descendant of Wat Tyler. He is the first President born after the Ratification of the Constitution of the United States (Virginia having ratified it in 1788) making him the first President to be born a United States Citizen. He was educated at the College of William and Mary and went on to study law with his father, who became Governor of Virginia (1808-1811). Tyler was admitted to the bar in 1809 and commenced practice in Charles City County. He served as a captain of a volunteer military company in 1813 and became a member of the Virginia House of Delegates 1811-1816 and was later a member of the council of state in 1816.

Tyler essentially retired from electoral politics until the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861. He sided with the Confederate government, and won election to the Confederate House of Representatives shortly before his death. --------------------

Dubbed "His Accidency" by his detractors, John Tyler was the first Vice President to be elevated to the office of President by the death of his predecessor.

Born in Virginia in 1790, he was raised believing that the Constitution must be strictly construed. He never wavered from this conviction. He attended the College of William and Mary and studied law.

Serving in the House of Representatives from 1816 to 1821, Tyler voted against most nationalist legislation and opposed the Missouri Compromise. After leaving the House he served twice as Governor of Virginia. As a Senator he reluctantly supported Jackson for President as a choice of evils. Tyler soon joined the states' rights Southerners in Congress who banded with Henry Clay, Daniel Webster, and their newly formed Whig party opposing President Jackson.

The Whigs nominated Tyler for Vice President in 1840, hoping for support from southern states'-righters who could not stomach Jacksonian Democracy. The slogan "Tippecanoe and Tyler Too" implied flagwaving nationalism plus a dash of southern sectionalism.

Clay, intending to keep party leadership in his own hands, minimized his nationalist views temporarily; Webster proclaimed himself "a Jeffersonian Democrat." But after the election, both men tried to dominate "Old Tippecanoe."

Suddenly President Harrison was dead, and "Tyler too" was in the White House. At first the Whigs were not too disturbed, although Tyler insisted upon assuming the full powers of a duly elected President. He even delivered an Inaugural Address, but it seemed full of good Whig doctrine. Whigs, optimistic that Tyler would accept their program, soon were disillusioned.

Tyler was ready to compromise on the banking question, but Clay would not budge. He would not accept Tyler's "exchequer system," and Tyler vetoed Clay's bill to establish a National Bank with branches in several states. A similar bank bill was passed by Congress. But again, on states' rights grounds, Tyler vetoed it.

In retaliation, the Whigs expelled Tyler from their party. All the Cabinet resigned but Secretary of State Webster. A year later when Tyler vetoed a tariff bill, the first impeachment resolution against a President was introduced in the House of Representatives. A committee headed by Representative John Quincy Adams reported that the President had misused the veto power, but the resolution failed.

Despite their differences, President Tyler and the Whig Congress enacted much positive legislation. The "Log-Cabin" bill enabled a settler to claim 160 acres of land before it was offered publicly for sale, and later pay $1.25 an acre for it.

In 1842 Tyler did sign a tariff bill protecting northern manufacturers. The Webster-Ashburton treaty ended a Canadian boundary dispute; in 1845 Texas was annexed.

The administration of this states'-righter strengthened the Presidency. But it also increased sectional cleavage that led toward civil war. By the end of his term, Tyler had replaced the original Whig Cabinet with southern conservatives. In 1844 Calhoun became Secretary of State. Later these men returned to the Democratic Party, committed to the preservation of states' rights, planter interests, and the institution of slavery. Whigs became more representative of northern business and farming interests.

When the first southern states seceded in 1861, Tyler led a compromise movement; failing, he worked to create the Southern Confederacy. He died in 1862, a member of the Confederate House of Representatives.


10th President of the US 1841-1845

During President Tyler's term in office, there were two First Ladies. In 1839, Letitia, suffered a paralytic stroke that left her an invalid. As First Lady, she remained in the upstairs living quarters of the White House only coming downstairs just once, to attend the wedding of her daughter Elizabeth in January 1842. On the evening of September 10, 1842, the First Lady died peacefully. At the time of her death, she was 51 years old, making her the youngest First Lady to die. John and Letita Tyler's children were the following: Mary Tyler-Jones, Robert Tyler (who served as the President's private secretary at the White House), John Tyler III, Letitia Tyler-Semple, Elizabeth Tyler-Waller (marrying William N. Waller at a White House wedding in 1842), Alice Tyler-Denison, and Tazewell Tyler. The second First Lady was Julia, who at age 24, married the President at the age of 54 on June 26, 1844. John and Julia's children were the following: David Gardiner Tyler, John "Alex" Alexander Tyler, Julia Gardiner Tyler-Spencer, Lachlan Gardiner Tyler, Lyon Gardiner Tyler, Robert "Fitz" Fitzwalter Tyler, and Pearl Tyler-Ellis -------------------- JOHN TYLER WAS THE 10TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES:

He was born at Greenway, the family plantation on the James River about 30 miles SE of Richmond, VA. At age 12 he entered the grammar school division of the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg. He was graduated at 17 and studied Law. He was 6 feet tall, with blue eyes and brown hair. In 1813 John married Letitia Christian and they had eight children. Letitia had a stroke and became an invalid and died in the White house. 2 years later John married Julia Gardiner. They had seven children together. John Tyler was the first president to be married while in office, and the most prolific having 15 children.

John Tyler was elected as Vice president in 1840 and served only one month then he became president at the death of President William Henry Harrison and served from 1841 to 1845. He is buried next to his second wife Julia Gardiner Tyler in Richmond, Virginia. -------------------- The tenth President of the United States (1841–1845) and the first ever to obtain that office via succession.

A long-time Democratic-Republican, Tyler was nonetheless elected Vice President on the Whig ticket. Upon the death of President William Henry Harrison on April 4, 1841, only a month after his inauguration, the nation was briefly in a state of confusion regarding the process of succession. Ultimately the situation was settled with Tyler becoming President both in name and in fact, and Tyler took the oath of office on April 6, 1841, setting a precedent that would govern future successions and eventually be codified in the Twenty-fifth Amendment. At 51 years old, he was the youngest U.S. president to take office to that point (where as Harrison was the oldest man to take office as president).

Arguably the most famous and significant achievement of Tyler's administration was the annexation of the Republic of Texas in 1845. Tyler was the first president born after the adoption of the U.S. Constitution, and the only president to have held the office of President pro tempore of the Senate.

President John Tyler’s Grandsons Are Still Alive

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John Tyler, 10th President of the USA's Timeline

March 29, 1790
Greenway, Charles City County, Virginia, United States
March 29, 1813
Age 23
Cedar Grove, New Kent County, Virginia, United States
April 15, 1815
Age 25
September 9, 1816
Age 26
Charles City, Virginia, United States
December 17, 1816
- March 3, 1821
Age 26
April 27, 1819
Age 29
May 11, 1821
Age 31
July 11, 1823
Age 33
April 5, 1825
Age 35
December 10, 1825
- March 4, 1827
Age 35