Chief Sachem Iyanough (Thyannough) (c.1569 - 1623)

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Nicknames: "Yanno/Thannough", "(Thyannough)"
Birthplace: Cape Cod, Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States
Death: Died in Mattachee Lands (Present Barnstable County), (Present Massachusetts), (Present USA)
Occupation: Sachem of the Mattachee of the Wampanoag Nation, Algonquian Confedercy, Sachem of Cummaquid Tribe
Managed by: Judith A Loubris
Last Updated:

About Chief Sachem Iyanough (Thyannough)

Iyannough (also Iyanough) was a Native American sachem and leader of the Mattachiest (Mattakeese) tribe of Cummaquid in the area of what is now Barnstable, Massachusetts. The town of Hyannis, the Wianno section of Osterville, and Iyanough Road (Route 132) are all named after him.

Historic records mention the assistance and entertainment offered by him and his tribe towards the Pilgrims and later colonists. When the son of Mayflower passenger John Billington wandered away from the new settlement at Plymouth in January 1621, Iyannough assisted William Bradford and his party in finding the boy [1]. The sachem impressed the Pilgrims as being personable, gentle, courteous, and fair-conditioned [2].

He died in 1623 when he was only in his mid-twenties. Following a surprise attack by the Pilgrims on the Massachusett tribe that winter, many Native Americans in the region including Iyannough grew fearful of the colonists and fled to hide in the area's swamps and remote islands [3]. It is believed that Iyannough himself died of exposure during this time. Upon his early death his lands went to his eldest son Yanno [4] (aka John Hyanno). Yanno is mentioned in several land deeds on Cape Cod and Martha's Vineyard and appears to have been a prominent figure in the early settlement of the communities.

In the mid 19th century, a farmer plowing his field discovered what is believed to be Iyannough's grave [5]. The gravesite is just north of Route 6A in the Cummaquid section of Barnstable and is maintained by a non-profit organization called "Tales of Cape Cod." A sign along Route 6A marks the spot.

A statue of Iyannough can be found today on the village green in downtown Hyannis.

Iyanough

Alive in Jun 1621.(56) Iyanough was sachem of Cummaquid, according to Mourt. Drake cites Mourt in the following. He then appeared about 26 years of age," but very personable, gentle, courteous and fair-conditioned, indeed, not like a savage, save for his attire. His entertainment was answerable to his parts, and his cheer plentiful and various."

The English were once again entertained by Iyanough upon their return to Plymouth when weather forced them to touch again at Cummaquid.

He was among those who came to have such dread of the English that they "forsook their wonted habitations, fled into the swamps, and lived in unhealthy places, in a state of starvation, until many died with diseases which they had thus contracted." [Drake, 78]

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A journal titled “Mourt’s Relation” was written primarily by Edward Winslow, although William Bradford appears to have written most of the first section. Written between November 1620 and November 1621, it describes in detail what happened from the landing of the Pilgrims at Cape Cod, though their exploring and eventual settling at Plymouth, to their relations with the surrounding Indians, up to the First Thanksgiving and the arrival of the ship Fortune. Iyannough is described as 'a man not exceeding twenty-six years of age, but very personable, gentle, courteous, and fair conditioned, indeed not like the savage, save for his attire; his entertainment was answerable to his parts, and his cheer plentiful and various.'

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Iyannough was the sachem of the Mattachee village of the Wampanoag. Iyanough, Sachem of the eastern part of Sandy neck and Barnstable, Mass. Iyanough helped a 10 man search party from Plymouth including WIlliam Bradford recover a boy named John Billington and son of Mayflower passenger from no fewer than 100 Nawsett Indians who could have sought retribution for several members of their tribe sold earlier by an English captain into slavery. Billington was later executed for murder. The sachem impressed the Pilgrims as being personable, gentle, courteous, and fair-conditioned

He died in 1623 when he was only in his mid-twenties. Following a surprise attack by the Pilgrims on the Massachusett tribe that winter, many Native Americans in the region including Iyannough grew fearful of the colonists including Miles Standish and fled to hide in the area's swamps and remote islands . It is believed that Iyannough himself died of exposure during this time. Upon his early death his lands went to his eldest son Yanno (aka John Hyanno). Yanno is mentioned in several land deeds on Cape Cod and Martha's Vineyard and appears to have been a prominent figure in the early settlement of the communities.

There is a statue, located in Hyannis, by David Lewis, a local sculpture. Iyannough's grave was allegedly unearthed by Daniel Davis in Cummaquid and a plaque has been erected on Route 6A east of Bone Hill Road. Iyanough gives his name to Hyannis and the Wiano section of Osterville

Edward O. Handy, Barnstable Village and Wikipedia article on Iyannough. Willison, George F. (1945). Saints and Strangers. New York: Reynal & Hitchcock, pp 228-229.

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http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bevangenealogy&id=I14065

•ID: I14065

•Name: Chief Sachem IHYANNOUGH (THYANNOUGH)

•Given Name: Chief Sachem

•Surname: IHYANNOUGH (THYANNOUGH)

•Sex: M

•Change Date: 13 MAY 2009

•Note:

Iyanough was the chief sachem of the the Cummaquid tribe. The Pilgrims had landed in his area when they were searching for the Nausets. He told them that young John Billington, whom the Nausets had found lost in the woods and taken, was just fine. He gave the Pilgrims a big dinner with entertainment. He then came aboard the shallop and sailed with the Pilgrims leading them to the Nausets. When they arrived, the tide was out and they could not come ashore, but Iyanough swam ashore to inform Aspinet--the chief sachem of the Nausets--of the Pilgrims arrival.

After the Pilgrims left the Nausets, the wind did not allow them to get home directly, and so they ended up back with Iyanough again. The Pilgrims being very thirsty, Iyanough led an expedition in search of some fresh water for them to drink. The Cummaquid tribe held another celebration of singing and dancing. The next day Iyanough gave them the water they needed, and the Pilgrims made their way back to Plymouth.

The Pilgrims described Iyanough as follows: Iyanough, a man not exceeding twenty-six years of age, but very personable, gentle, courteous, and fair conditioned, indeed not like a savage, save for his attire. His entertainment was answerable to his parts, and his cheer plentiful and various.

Iyanough died before March 1623 of a disease which swept Cape Cod early that year.

1

•Birth: 1565 in Cape Cod, Barnstable, Massachusetts, USA

•Death: 1622 in Of Barnstable, Massachusetts, USA

Marriage 1 Princess Of The Narragansitts CANONICUS b: ABT 1569 in Of Cape Cod, Barnstable, Massachusetts, USA

•Married: 1590 in Of Cape Cod, Barnstable, Massachusetts, USA

-------------------- Hyannis, MA. named after him. Sachem of the Mattachee Village of Wampanoags of Cape Cod. From him Hyannie & Wianno derived their names. Historic site marker on Rte. 6A in Cummaquid, MA., the ancestral home of the Cummaquid Wampanoags states: 'North of here a table marks the grave of Iyahnough Indian Sachem who aided the Pilgrims in 1621.'

Source: 'The Middler' (Newsletter of the Society of Middletown First Settler Descendants,

           CT. U.S.A.)
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Sachem Iyanough's Timeline

1565
1565
1569
1569
Cape Cod, Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States
1591
1591
Age 22
Cape Cod, Barnstable, MA
1595
1595
Age 26
Mattachee Village (near Yarmouth), Nauset Country (Present Barnstable County), (Present Massachusetts), (Present USA)
1623
March, 1623
Age 54
Mattachee Lands (Present Barnstable County), (Present Massachusetts), (Present USA)

Chased into a swamp area by Miles Stanish where Iyanough died.

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Mattachee village, Cape Cod, Massachusetts
????
Cummaquid, Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States

Historic site marker on Rt. 6A in cummaquid, MA. (Hyannis Green), the ancestral home of the Cummaquid Wampanoags states: 'North of here a tablet marks the grave of Iyahnough Indian Sachem who aided the Pilgrims in 1621. From him Hyannie & Wianno derived their names.' The gravemarker states: 'On this spot was buried the Sachem Iyahnough the friend & entertainer of the Pilgrims.' On a (long) trail behind a house deep in the woods.