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1820 Settlers - Damant's Party

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  • John Matthews, Snr. SV/PROG (1797 - 1867)
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  • Edward Gibbon, SV/PROG (1798 - 1854)
    1820 British Settler Edward Gibbon 21, Husbandman was a member of Damant's Party of 57 Settlers on the Settler Ship Ocean . Party originated from Norfolk. Departed London, 13 December 1819. Arriv...
  • Richard Tee, SM/PROG (2) (1791 - 1853)
    1820 British Settler Richard Tee 34, Husbandman, together with his wife Sarah Potter 29, and their 4 children, were members of Damant's Party of 57 Settlers on the Settler Ship Ocean . Party origin...
  • Sarah Tee, SM/PROG (c.1790 - 1859)
    1820 British Settler Sarah Potter 29, together with her husband Richard Tee 34, Husbandman, and their 4 children, were members of Damant's Party of 57 Settlers on the Settler Ship Ocean . Party ori...
  • Mary Nash van Lelyveld (1819 - 1899)
    1820 British Settler =1820 British Settler= Mary Frost , together with her parents and siblings, were members of Damant's Party of 57 Settlers on the Settler Ship Ocean . Party originated from No...

Damant's Party

Main reference The Settler Handbook by MD Nash

Additional information from South African Settlers

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Party Details

  • Leader Lieut Edward Damant
  • Number 57
  • Area Party originated from Norfolk
  • Area Allocated to the Party The old Waaiplaats barracks, then to the Gamtoos River. They were located at the source of the Kaffir Kraal River but the location was at once rejected by Lieutenant Damant and they moved to the Gamtoos River, their settlement being called Lammas.)
  • 1820 Settler Ship

Ocean

  • Dates
  • Departure London, 13 December 1819
  • Arrival Table Bay, Cape Town - 29 March 1820
  • Final Port - Algoa Bay, Port Elizabeth - 15 April 1920

(Other parties on this voyage - Dixon, Howard, Morgan)

M.D. Nash 1987 - Settler Handbook

"No. 8 on the Colonial Department list, led by Edward Damant of Fakenham, Norfolk, who had held a lieutenant's commission in the 38th Regiment of Foot and subsequently in the West Norfolk Militia. He had made an abortive earlier attempt to emigrate to the Cape in 1817, in company with his sister and her husband Dr John Atherstone, in order to join their brother John Damant, then stationed at Uitenhage as Assistant Commissary General. John Damant had married the only daughter of a local landowner and merchant, Frederick Korsten, and in partnership with a third brother, Thomas Damant, had acquired a large estate on the Gamtoos River which they named New Lammas after their birthplace in Norfolk.

Early in 1819 John Damant had retired on half-pay and returned to England to engage additional labourers for New Lammas. The newly promulgated Cape emigration scheme provided the opportunity to make up a party consisting of the Damant and Atherstone families, including Thomas Damant's 13-year-old daughter Ann who had been living in England with her maternal grandparents, and some 20 indentured labourers. Although on the face of it this was a proprietary party, the status of one of its members, Philip Frost, is not clear; he probably joined the party as an independent settler as he purchased a farm on the Gamtoos in his own right in 1822. The party was recruited in Norfolk, Tee hailing from Sedgeford, Gibbon from West Barsham, Lake from Colkirk and Sterley from Billingford, all in the neighbourhood of Fakenham.

Shortly before Michaelmas quarter-day (29 September), Damant wrote to the Colonial Deparment asking as a matter of urgency to be informed whether his proposal had been accepted or rejected, 'the men being distressed beyond measure at the uncertainty of their situation as they would be deprived of work the whole of the ensuing Winter, should the proposition not be acceded to, and they not know it before Michaelmas, but were they now acquainted with it, they would be able to renew their present engagements if necessary'. The delay in notifying party heads of the success of their applications was the cause of numerous changes in the party lists, Damant's included.

Once his application had been approved, Damant invoked the influence of the Member of Parliament for Norfolk, Edmund Wodehouse, to try to obtain permission for him to take out breeding stock - horses and Norfolk bulls. This was contrary to regulations, however, and was refused.

Deposits were paid for 25 men, and the party embarked at Deptford in the regular transport ship Ocean, sailing from Portsmouth on 1 January 1920 and arriving in Table Bay on 29 March and Algoa Bay on 15 April. Two men of the party and one child died at sea. The location assigned to Damant was on the site of the old Waaiplaats barracks at the source of the Kaffir Kraal River, but he refused the land and removed his people to his brothers' property on the Gamtoos River".

Members of Damant's Party

Bold links are to Geni profiles; other links are to other biographical notes

John Atherstone 29, Surgeon.

Wife Elizabeth Damant 37.

Children

Thomas Atherstone 26, Husbandman

Thomas Atherstone - Sundry Notes

John Cooper, 27. Bricklayer.

Ann Damant 13. (in the care of her uncle Edward Damant).

Edward Damant 33. Lieut, 38th Regiment.

Wife Mary Atherstone 26,

John Damant 34. (Brother of Leader Edward Damant).

Henry Durrell, 27. Husbandman.

John Francis 24. Husbandman.


Philip Frost 32, Husbandman.

Wife Elizabeth Doughty 30.

Children

Edward Gibbon 21. Husbandman.

Joseph Hames 20. Husbandman.

John Jacobs 21. Husbandman.

Wife Catherine 20.

John Lake 19. Husbandman.

Philip Lawson 22. Husbandman. Sundry notes (Lawson)

Thomas Males 18. Shoemaker (died at sea).

John Matthews 22. Husbandman. Sundry notes - (Matthews)

John Price 25. Husbandman (died at sea).

Henry Purvis 32. Blacksmith. Sundry notes (Purvis)

William Seley 26. Husbandman.

Stephen Smith 27. Carpenter.


Wife Ann 27.

Children

  • Henry Smith 5,
  • Harriet Smith 1 (died at sea).

Thomas Sterley 19, Husbandman

Thomas Sterley 54, Husbandman and army pensioner.

Wife Ann Moorecroft 44,

Children :

Richard Tee 34, Husbandman.

Wife Sarah Potter 29.

Children :


Note. The name of Richard Tee's wife and the names and ages of their children have been amended to agree with family records (they are given in the Agent's List as Mary 30, Richard 8, Mary 7, Charlotte 5 and Elizabeth 2). Edward Frost (6) does not appear in the Agent's List, but according to a family historian he sailed with the rest of the family.

William Thompson 21. Husbandman.

John Wells 20. Tanner.

William White 28. Husbandman.

Main source for party list

Agent of Transports' List of settlers under Edward Damant Esqre (Cape Archives CO 136). Edward Damant's wife was confined shortly before the party sailed and did not emigrate, but the name of her 2-year-old daughter is included in the Agent's List.

Further reading

DG Damant, The Damants and their Party (Port Elizabeth Historical Society, 1984).

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