Start My Family Tree Welcome to Geni, home of the world's largest family tree.
Join Geni to explore your genealogy and family history in the World's Largest Family Tree.

American Revolution: New York and New Jersey campaign (July 1776 - March 1777)

« Back to Projects Dashboard

view all

Profiles

  • John Conrey, Sr. (1760 - 1834)
    Enlisted from New York where he served in the war; Was in the battle of White Plains.
  • Colonel Richard Parker (1751 - 1780)
    ) Richard Parker (1751 – 8 May 1780) was an American colonel who fought in the American Revolutionary War. Son of prominent Virginia jurist Richard Parker, Parker received an officer's commiss...
  • General John Campbell (1727 - 1806)
    ) General John Campbell, 17th Chief of MacArthur Campbells of Strachur (1727 – 28 August 1806) was a Scottish soldier and senior nobleman, who commanded the British forces at the Siege of Pe...
  • Francis Rawdon-Hastings, 1st Marquess of Hastings (1754 - 1826)
    Francis Rawdon-Hastings, 1st Marquess of Hastings KG PC (9 December 1754 – 28 November 1826), styled The Honourable Francis Rawdon from birth until 1762 and as The Lord Rawdon between 1762 and...
  • Lt Col Richard Clough Anderson, Sr (1750 - 1826)
    A Patriot of the American Revolution for VIRGINIA with the rank of LIEUTENANT COLONEL. DAR Ancestor # A002496 Birth: Jan. 12, 1750 Hanover County, USA Death: Oct. 16, 1826 Louisville Jefferson County...

American Revolution: New York and New Jersey campaign (July 1776 - March 1777)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_and_New_Jersey_campaign

Result:


New York: British gain control of New York City, British victory

New Jersey: Americans lose and then regain control of New Jersey, American victory

The New York and New Jersey campaign was a series of battles for control of New York City and the state of New Jersey in the American Revolutionary War between British forces under General Sir William Howe and the Continental Army under General George Washington in 1776 and the winter months of 1777. Howe was successful in driving Washington out of New York City, but overextended his reach into New Jersey, and ended the active campaign season in January 1777 with only a few outposts near the city. The British held New York for the rest of the war, using it as a base for expeditions against other targets.


First landing unopposed on Staten Island on July 3, 1776, Howe assembled an army composed of elements that had been withdrawn from Boston in March following their failure to hold that city, combined with additional British troops, as well as Hessian troops rented from several German principalities. Washington had New England soldiers as well as regiments from states as far south as Virginia. Landing on Long Island in August, Howe defeated Washington in the largest battle of the war, but the Continental Army was able to retreat to Manhattan under cover of darkness and fog. Washington suffered a series of defeats in Manhattan, with the exception of a victory at Harlem Heights, but was nevertheless chased north to White Plains, New York. At that point Howe returned to Manhattan to capture forces Washington had left in the north of that island.


Washington and much of his army crossed the Hudson River into New Jersey, and retreated all the way across the Delaware River into Pennsylvania, shrinking due to ending enlistment periods, desertions, and poor morale. Howe ordered his troops into winter quarters in December, establishing a chain of outposts from New York to Burlington, New Jersey. Washington, in a tremendous boost to American morale, launched a successful strike against the Trenton garrison after crossing the icy Delaware River, prompting Howe to withdraw his chain of outposts back to New Brunswick and the coast near New York, while Washington established his winter camp at Morristown. During the remaining winter months, both sides skirmished frequently as the British sought forage and provisions.


Britain maintained control of New York City and some of the surrounding territory until the war ended in 1783, using it as a base for operations elsewhere in North America. In 1777, General Howe launched a campaign to capture Philadelphia, leaving General Sir Henry Clinton in command of the New York area, while General John Burgoyne led an attempt to gain control of the Hudson River valley from Quebec that failed at Saratoga. Northern New Jersey was the scene of skirmishing between the opposing forces for the rest of the war.

Campaign Battles and events

Long Island

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Long_Island

The Turtle

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turtle_(submersible)

Staten Island Peace Conference

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Staten_Island_Peace_Conference

Kip's Bay

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landing_at_Kip%27s_Bay

Harlem Heights

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Harlem_Heights

Pell's Point

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Pell%27s_Point

White Plains

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_White_Plains

Fort Washington

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Fort_Washington

Geary Ambush

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ambush_of_Geary

Iron Works Hill

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Iron_Works_Hill

Delaware crossing

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washington%27s_crossing_of_the_Delaware_River

Trenton

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Trenton

Assunpink Creek

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Assunpink_Creek

Princeton

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Princeton

Forage War

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forage_War

Millstone

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Millstone