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Attorneys to Judges - the American Legal System

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  • George Osmond, Jr. (1836 - 1913)
    Wikipedia Biographical Summary: "... George Osmond (May 23, 1836 – after 1901) was a leader in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, as well as a judge and state senator in Wyoming....
  • Thomas Joynes Smedley (1837 - 1921)
    Thomas Joynes Smedley was born 16 August 1837 in Wadsley, Yorkshire, England and died 23 February 1921 in Paris, Bear Lake, Idaho. Thomas was the only child of Thomas Smedley b 17 Apr 1803 in Staplef...
  • James Jackson, Governor, U.S. Senator (1757 - 1806)
    A Patriot of the American Revolution for GEORGIA with the rank of LIEUTENANT COLONEL. DAR Ancestor # A061042 ) James Jackson (September 21, 1757 – March 19, 1806) was an early Georgia politi...
  • James Jackson, Chief Justice, Georgia Supreme Court (1819 - 1887)
    ) James Jackson (October 18, 1819 – January 13, 1887) was a United States Representative from Georgia, a judge advocate in the American Civil War, and a chief justice of the Supreme Court of G...
  • John James Marshall, 4th Chief Justice of the United States (1755 - 1835)
    John Marshall (September 24, 1755 – July 6, 1835) was an American jurist and statesman who shaped American constitutional law and made the Supreme Court a center of power. Marshall was Chief...

The justice system in the United States is one of the most unique in the world. It consists of two separate levels of courts, state and federal, that can peacefully co-exist under the concept of federalism . The type of court that a case is tried in depends on the law, state or federal, that was allegedly violated. Most of the laws that govern our day-to-day living are state laws; violations of federal law include offenses involving federal government employees, crimes committed across state lines (for example, kidnapping or evading arrest), and fraud involving the national government (such as income tax or postal fraud).

Was your ancestor an attorney? prosecutor? justice of the peace? judge? If so, he (or she) helped to maintain this unique system that guarantees our civil liberties, our right to a trial, the belief that we are innocent until proven guilty.

Please add your ancestors to this project!