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Attorneys to Judges - the American Legal System

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  • Thomas Stephen Foley (1929 - 2013)
    Thomas Stephen "Tom" Foley (born March 26, 1929) was the 57th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, serving from 1989 to 1995. He represented Washington's 5th congressional district ...
  • Brock Adams, U.S. Senator, U.S. Secretary of Transportation (1927 - 2004)
    Brockman "Brock" Adams (January 13, 1927 – September 10, 2004) was an American politician and member of Congress. Adams was a Democrat from Washington and served as a U.S. Representative, Sena...
  • Robert Eldridge Brumby (1883 - 1966)
    After Thomas Brumby Jr. died in 1938, his brother Robert Eldridge Brumby left his Louisiana law practice to take over the family business. Robert Brumby was born in Marietta in 1883 but left Georgia in...
  • Brevet Brig. General Francis W. Palfrey (USA) (1831 - 1889)
    Francis Winthrop Palfrey (1831–1889) was an American historian, born in Boston, Massachusetts son of J. G. Palfrey. He graduated at Harvard in 1851 and at the Law School two years afterward....
  • Capt. William Plumer III (USA) (1823 - 1896)
    Capt. Plumer was born Nov. 29, 1823; was graduated from Harvard College in 1845, and from there entered Harvard Law School, which was then in charge of Judge Story, and was admitted to the bar in 184...

The justice system in the United States is one of the most unique in the world. It consists of two separate levels of courts, state and federal, that can peacefully co-exist under the concept of federalism . The type of court that a case is tried in depends on the law, state or federal, that was allegedly violated. Most of the laws that govern our day-to-day living are state laws; violations of federal law include offenses involving federal government employees, crimes committed across state lines (for example, kidnapping or evading arrest), and fraud involving the national government (such as income tax or postal fraud).

Was your ancestor an attorney? prosecutor? justice of the peace? judge? If so, he (or she) helped to maintain this unique system that guarantees our civil liberties, our right to a trial, the belief that we are innocent until proven guilty.

Please add your ancestors to this project!